Aliases for ACSS3 Gene

Aliases for ACSS3 Gene

  • Acyl-CoA Synthetase Short Chain Family Member 3 2 3 5
  • Acyl-CoA Synthetase Short-Chain Family Member 3, Mitochondrial 3 4
  • Propionate--CoA Ligase 3 4
  • Acetate--CoA Ligase 3 3 4
  • EC 6.2.1.1 4 52
  • Acyl-CoA Synthetase Short-Chain Family Member 3 4
  • AMP-Binding Enzyme, 33217 3
  • EC 6.2.1.17 4
  • EC 6.2.1 52

External Ids for ACSS3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACSS3 Gene

  • GC12P079995
  • GC12P081471
  • GC12P078528
  • GC12P081331

Summaries for ACSS3 Gene

GeneCards Summary for ACSS3 Gene

ACSS3 (Acyl-CoA Synthetase Short Chain Family Member 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Ketone body metabolism and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include acetate-CoA ligase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ACSS2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ACSS3 Gene

  • Catalyzes the synthesis of acetyl-CoA from short-chain fatty acids (PubMed:28003429). Propionate is the preferred substrate (PubMed:28003429). Can utilize acetate and butyrate with a much lower affinity (By similarity).

Additional gene information for ACSS3 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for ACSS3 Gene

Genomics for ACSS3 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for ACSS3 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for ACSS3 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH12J081076 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 519.8 +142.6 142558 4.1 ZNF217 MYC POLR2G USF1 TEAD4 ZFX ZIC2 TCF7 SAP30 CUX1 ACSS3 FJ601684-078 piR-55194-099
GH12J080936 Promoter/Enhancer 1.9 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 500.7 +1.5 1487 5 FOXK2 ZNF217 EP300 POLR2G ZIC2 KDM6A ZBTB26 SAP30 RFX1 TGIF2 LIN7A ACSS3 LOC105369869 MIR618
GH12J081086 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 18.2 +150.2 150187 0.8 POLR2G TCF7 TGIF2 TEAD1 ZBTB26 TBX3 ZKSCAN8 ZSCAN9 KMT2B FOXA2 ACSS3 FJ601684-078 piR-46847-065
GH12J081081 Enhancer 0.7 Ensembl 19.4 +147.5 147487 4.2 TCF7 TEAD1 FOXA2 ZBTB33 JUND CREM ZNF511 KLF11 RAD21 FEZF1 FJ601684-078 ACSS3 ENSG00000258026 piR-46847-065
GH12J081095 Enhancer 0.5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.4 +159.0 158987 1.6 RBM22 BCL6B ENSG00000258026 ACSS3 FJ601684-078 piR-46847-065
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around ACSS3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for ACSS3

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the ACSS3 gene promoter:
  • CUTL1
  • En-1
  • Evi-1
  • FOXD3
  • FOXI1
  • GATA-1
  • HFH-3
  • Pbx1a
  • TBP
  • TFIID

Genomic Locations for ACSS3 Gene

Genomic Locations for ACSS3 Gene
chr12:80,936,414-81,261,210
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
324,797 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand
chr12:81,331,594-81,650,533
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
318,940 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for ACSS3 Gene

Genes around ACSS3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ACSS3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ACSS3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ACSS3 Gene

Proteins for ACSS3 Gene

  • Protein details for ACSS3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9H6R3-ACSS3_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Acyl-CoA synthetase short-chain family member 3, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Q9H6R3
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8NC66

    Protein attributes for ACSS3 Gene

    Size:
    686 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    74778 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for ACSS3 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for ACSS3 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for ACSS3 Gene

Q9H6R3:
  • DPERFWGKAAEQISWYKPWTKTLE
  • MLACARIGA
  • ILYTSGTTG
  • VADCAVVGKED
  • RIGAIHS
  • YKEVLEQVSKLAGVLVK
  • GDKIAIIYDSPVT
  • SVTDPERFW
  • VPGYNVMILDDNMQKLKAR
  • RVDDVINV
  • VLEEIVKHVRQ
  • VVIYMPM

Post-translational modifications for ACSS3 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for ACSS3 Gene

Domains & Families for ACSS3 Gene

Gene Families for ACSS3 Gene

Protein Domains for ACSS3 Gene

Blocks:
  • AMP-binding signature
InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ACSS3 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Acyl-CoA synthetase short-chain family member 3, mitochondrial (ACSS3_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9H6R3

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

ACSS3_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ACSS3: view

Function for ACSS3 Gene

Molecular function for ACSS3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the synthesis of acetyl-CoA from short-chain fatty acids (PubMed:28003429). Propionate is the preferred substrate (PubMed:28003429). Can utilize acetate and butyrate with a much lower affinity (By similarity).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=acetate + ATP + CoA = acetyl-CoA + AMP + diphosphate; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:23176, ChEBI:CHEBI:30089, ChEBI:CHEBI:30616, ChEBI:CHEBI:33019, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:57288, ChEBI:CHEBI:456215; EC=6.2.1.1; Evidence=. ; PhysiologicalDirection=left-to-right; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:23177; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=ATP + CoA + propanoate = AMP + diphosphate + propanoyl-CoA; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:20373, ChEBI:CHEBI:17272, ChEBI:CHEBI:30616, ChEBI:CHEBI:33019, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:57392, ChEBI:CHEBI:456215; EC=6.2.1.17; Evidence=. ; PhysiologicalDirection=left-to-right; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:20374; Evidence=. ;.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=ATP + butanoate + CoA = AMP + butanoyl-CoA + diphosphate; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:46172, ChEBI:CHEBI:17968, ChEBI:CHEBI:30616, ChEBI:CHEBI:33019, ChEBI:CHEBI:57287, ChEBI:CHEBI:57371, ChEBI:CHEBI:456215; Evidence=. ; PhysiologicalDirection=left-to-right; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:46173; Evidence=. ;.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ACSS3 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for ACSS3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ACSS3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity IEA --
GO:0003987 acetate-CoA ligase activity TAS --
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0016874 ligase activity IEA --
GO:0047760 butyrate-CoA ligase activity ISS,IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACSS3: view

Phenotypes for ACSS3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ACSS3: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for ACSS3

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ACSS3 Gene

Localization for ACSS3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACSS3 Gene

Mitochondrion matrix.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ACSS3 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 2
extracellular 1
peroxisome 1
nucleus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ACSS3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACSS3: view

Pathways & Interactions for ACSS3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ACSS3: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ACSS3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0046951 ketone body biosynthetic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ACSS3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ACSS3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ACSS3 Gene

(6) Drugs for ACSS3 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
acetic acid Approved Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 141
propanoic acid Approved, Vet_approved Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 0
Adenosine monophosphate Approved, Investigational Nutra 0
Propanoyl-CoA Experimental Pharma 0
ATP Investigational Nutra Agonist, Activator, Full agonist, Antagonist, Pore Blocker, Potentiation 0

(3) Additional Compounds for ACSS3 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
acetyl-coa
  • AcCoA
  • Acetyl coenzyme A
  • S-Acetyl-CoA
  • S-Acetyl-coenzyme A
  • Ac-CoA
72-89-9
Propinol adenylate
  • 5'-Adenylic acid propanoic acid anhydride
  • 5'-Adenylic acid propionic acid anhydride
  • 5'-O-[Hydroxy(propionyloxy)phosphoryl]adenosine
  • Propanoyl-adenosine monophosphate
  • Propionyl-adenosine monophosphate
pyrophosphate
  • [(ho)2P(O)OP(O)(OH)2]
  • Acide diphosphorique
  • Diphosphorsaeure
  • H4P2O7
  • PYROphosphATE
14000-31-8
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ACSS3: view

Transcripts for ACSS3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for ACSS3 Gene

3 REFSEQ mRNAs :
9 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
10 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ACSS3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for ACSS3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ACSS3

Expression for ACSS3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for ACSS3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ACSS3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x4.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ACSS3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (13.4), Kidney (8.6), Gallbladder (7.5), and Salivary gland (6.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for ACSS3 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for ACSS3 Gene

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for ACSS3

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ACSS3 Gene:

Hs.259559

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for ACSS3 Gene

  • Liver(4.4)
  • Muscle(4.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ACSS3: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ACSS3 Gene

Orthologs for ACSS3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for ACSS3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ACSS3 31 30
  • 99.27 (n)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ACSS3 31 30
  • 90.74 (n)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ACSS3 31 30
  • 89.39 (n)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ACSS3 31
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ACSS3 31
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Acss3 17 31 30
  • 85.95 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Acss3 30
  • 84.54 (n)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ACSS3 31 30
  • 75.99 (n)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ACSS3 31
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia acss3 30
  • 70.83 (n)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii acss3 31 30
  • 66.03 (n)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP001473 30
  • 53.51 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG6432 31 30
  • 51.55 (n)
OneToOne
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes ACS2 31
  • 32 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 31
  • 54 (a)
OneToOne
Cin.14056 30
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU01417 30
  • 50.9 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.14056 30
Species where no ortholog for ACSS3 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for ACSS3 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for ACSS3 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for ACSS3 (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for ACSS3: view image

Paralogs for ACSS3 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for ACSS3 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

  • ACSS3_HUMAN
  • F8VZB4_HUMAN
  • H0YII9_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ACSS3: view

Variants for ACSS3 Gene

Additional dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for ACSS3 Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ACSS3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2746118 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3630129 CNV loss 21293372
esv3630130 CNV loss 21293372
esv3892231 CNV gain 25118596
nsv559465 CNV loss 21841781
nsv559466 CNV loss 21841781
nsv559467 CNV gain 21841781

Variation tolerance for ACSS3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 13.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.07; 60.83% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for ACSS3 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
ACSS3

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for ACSS3 Gene

Disorders for ACSS3 Gene

Additional Disease Information for ACSS3

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

No disorders were found for ACSS3 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ACSS3 Gene

Publications for ACSS3 Gene

  1. Evidence for 26 distinct acyl-coenzyme A synthetase genes in the human genome. (PMID: 17762044) Watkins PA … Pevsner J (Journal of lipid research 2007) 2 3 4 54
  2. Molecular cloning of rat acss3 and characterization of mammalian propionyl-CoA synthetase in the liver mitochondrial matrix. (PMID: 28003429) Yoshimura Y … Yamashita H (Journal of biochemistry 2017) 3 4 54
  3. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 41 54
  4. Mitochondrial Acetyl-CoA Synthetase 3 is Biosignature of Gastric Cancer Progression. (PMID: 29493120) Chang WC … Ma WL (Cancer medicine 2018) 3 54
  5. An enzyme assisted RP-RPLC approach for in-depth analysis of human liver phosphoproteome. (PMID: 24275569) Bian Y … Zou H (Journal of proteomics 2014) 4 54

Products for ACSS3 Gene

Sources for ACSS3 Gene