Aliases for SLCO1B1 Gene
External Ids for SLCO1B1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for SLCO1B1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLCO1B1 Gene
This gene encodes a liver-specific member of the organic anion transporter family. The encoded protein is a transmembrane receptor that mediates the sodium-independent uptake of numerous endogenous compounds including bilirubin, 17-beta-glucuronosyl estradiol and leukotriene C4. This protein is also involved in the removal of drug compounds such as statins, bromosulfophthalein and rifampin from the blood into the hepatocytes. Polymorphisms in the gene encoding this protein are associated with impaired transporter function. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]
GeneCards Summary for SLCO1B1 Gene
SLCO1B1 (Solute Carrier Organic Anion Transporter Family Member 1B1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLCO1B1 include Hyperbilirubinemia, Rotor Type, Digenic and Slco1b1-Related Altered Drug Metabolism. Among its related pathways are Paroxetine Pathway, Pharmacokinetics and Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. GO annotations related to this gene include transporter activity and sodium-independent organic anion transmembrane transporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLCO1B3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLCO1B1 Gene
Mediates the Na(+)-independent uptake of organic anions such as pravastatin, taurocholate, methotrexate, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, 17-beta-glucuronosyl estradiol, estrone sulfate, prostaglandin E2, thromboxane B2, leukotriene C3, leukotriene E4, thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Involved in the clearance of bile acids and organic anions from the liver.
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters form one of the largest groups of paralogous protein families that have a wide diversity of functions and substrates. Specificity has been shown for small and large molecules, highly charged molecules and highly hydrophobic systems.