External Ids for CUL7 Gene
Previous Symbols for CUL7 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a component of an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex. The encoded protein interacts with TP53, CUL9, and FBXW8 proteins. Defects in this gene are a cause of 3M syndrome type 1 (3M1). Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2009]
GeneCards Summary for CUL7 Gene
CUL7 (Cullin 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CUL7 include 3-m syndrome 1 and 3-m syndrome, cul7-related. Among its related pathways are Class I MHC mediated antigen processing and presentation and Biosynthesis of the N-glycan precursor (dolichol lipid-linked oligosaccharide, LLO) and transfer to a nascent protein. GO annotations related to this gene include ubiquitin protein ligase binding. An important paralog of this gene is ZZEF1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CUL7 Gene
Core component of the 3M and Cul7-RING(FBXW8) complexes, which mediates the ubiquitination of target proteins. Core component of the 3M complex, a complex required to regulate microtubule dynamics and genome integrity. It is unclear how the 3M complex regulates microtubules, it could act by controlling the level of a microtubule stabilizer (PubMed:24793695). Interaction with CUL9 is required to inhibit CUL9 activity and ubiquitination of BIRC5 (PubMed:24793696). Core component of a Cul7-RING ubiquitin-protein ligase with FBXW8, which mediates ubiquitination and consequent degradation of target proteins such as GORASP1, IRS1 and MAP4K1/HPK1 (PubMed:21572988, PubMed:24362026). Ubiquitination of GORASP1 regulates Golgi morphogenesis and dendrite patterning in brain (PubMed:21572988). Mediates ubiquitination and degradation of IRS1 in a mTOR-dependent manner: the Cul7-RING(FBXW8) complex recognizes and binds IRS1 previously phosphorylated by S6 kinase (RPS6KB1 or RPS6KB2) (PubMed:18498745). The Cul7-RING(FBXW8) complex also mediates ubiquitination of MAP4K1/HPK1: recognizes and binds autophosphorylated MAP4K1/HPK1, leading to its degradatation, thereby affecting cell proliferation and differentiation (PubMed:24362026). Acts as a regulator in trophoblast cell epithelial-mesenchymal transition and placental development (PubMed:20139075). Does not promote polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of p53/TP53 (PubMed:16547496, PubMed:17332328). While the Cul7-RING(FBXW8) and the 3M complexes are associated and involved in common processes, CUL7 and the Cul7-RING(FBXW8) complex may be have additional functions.