Aliases for BABAM2 Gene
External Ids for BABAM2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for BABAM2 Gene
This gene encodes an anti-apoptotic, death receptor-associated protein that interacts with tumor necrosis factor-receptor-1. The encoded protein acts as an adapter in several protein complexes, including the BRCA1-A complex and the BRISC complex. The BRCA1-A complex possesses ubiquitinase activity and targets sites of double strand DNA breaks, while the BRISC complex exhibits deubiquitinase activity and is involved in mitotic spindle assembly. This gene is upregulated in several types of cancer. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2016]
GeneCards Summary for BABAM2 Gene
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for BABAM2 Gene
Component of the BRCA1-A complex, a complex that specifically recognizes Lys-63-linked ubiquitinated histones H2A and H2AX at DNA lesions sites, leading to target the BRCA1-BARD1 heterodimer to sites of DNA damage at double-strand breaks (DSBs). The BRCA1-A complex also possesses deubiquitinase activity that specifically removes Lys-63-linked ubiquitin on histones H2A and H2AX (PubMed:17525341, PubMed:19261746, PubMed:19261749, PubMed:19261748). In the BRCA1-A complex, it acts as an adapter that bridges the interaction between BABAM1/NBA1 and the rest of the complex, thereby being required for the complex integrity and modulating the E3 ubiquitin ligase activity of the BRCA1-BARD1 heterodimer (PubMed:21282113, PubMed:19261748). Component of the BRISC complex, a multiprotein complex that specifically cleaves Lys-63-linked ubiquitin in various substrates (PubMed:19214193, PubMed:24075985, PubMed:25283148, PubMed:26195665). Within the BRISC complex, acts as an adapter that bridges the interaction between BABAM1/NBA1 and the rest of the complex, thereby being required for the complex integrity (PubMed:21282113). The BRISC complex is required for normal mitotic spindle assembly and microtubule attachment to kinetochores via its role in deubiquitinating NUMA1 (PubMed:26195665). The BRISC complex plays a role in interferon signaling via its role in the deubiquitination of the interferon receptor IFNAR1; deubiquitination increases IFNAR1 activity by enhancing its stability and cell surface expression (PubMed:24075985). Down-regulates the response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) via its role in IFNAR1 deubiquitination (PubMed:24075985). May play a role in homeostasis or cellular differentiation in cells of neural, epithelial and germline origins. May also act as a death receptor-associated anti-apoptotic protein, which inhibits the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. May regulate TNF-alpha signaling through its interactions with TNFRSF1A; however these effects may be indirect (PubMed:15465831).