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Aliases for MCEE Gene

Aliases for MCEE Gene

  • Methylmalonyl CoA Epimerase 2 3
  • Glyoxalase Domain Containing 2 2 3
  • DL-Methylmalonyl-CoA Racemase 3 4
  • EC 4
  • GLOD2 3

External Ids for MCEE Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MCEE Gene

  • GC02M071346
  • GC02M071547
  • GC02M071311
  • GC02M071248
  • GC02M071190
  • GC02M071336

Summaries for MCEE Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MCEE Gene

  • The product of this gene catalyzes the interconversion of D- and L-methylmalonyl-CoA during the degradation of branched chain amino acids. odd chain-length fatty acids, and other metabolites. Mutations in this gene result in methylmalonyl-CoA epimerase deficiency, which is presented as mild to moderate methylmalonic aciduria. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MCEE Gene

MCEE (Methylmalonyl CoA Epimerase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MCEE include mcee-related methylmalonic acidemia and methylmalonyl-coa epimerase deficiency. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Regulation of lipid metabolism by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha). GO annotations related to this gene include methylmalonyl-CoA epimerase activity.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MCEE Gene

Genomics for MCEE Gene

Regulatory Elements for MCEE Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for MCEE Gene

71,109,676 bp from pter
71,130,288 bp from pter
20,613 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for MCEE Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for MCEE Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MCEE Gene

Proteins for MCEE Gene

  • Protein details for MCEE Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Methylmalonyl-CoA epimerase, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q53TP1
    • Q8WW63

    Protein attributes for MCEE Gene

    176 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    18749 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MCEE Gene

neXtProt entry for MCEE Gene

Proteomics data for MCEE Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MCEE Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for MCEE Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MCEE Gene

Domains & Families for MCEE Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MCEE Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the glyoxalase I family.
  • Belongs to the glyoxalase I family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MCEE: view

No data available for Gene Families for MCEE Gene

Function for MCEE Gene

Molecular function for MCEE Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
(R)-methylmalonyl-CoA = (S)-methylmalonyl-CoA

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for MCEE Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MCEE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004493 methylmalonyl-CoA epimerase activity IDA 11481338
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MCEE: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MCEE: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for MCEE

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MCEE Gene

Localization for MCEE Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MCEE Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MCEE Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MCEE gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 4
cytosol 2
nucleus 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MCEE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IBA --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MCEE: view

Pathways & Interactions for MCEE Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MCEE: view

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MCEE Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006635 fatty acid beta-oxidation TAS --
GO:0019626 short-chain fatty acid catabolic process TAS --
GO:0044255 cellular lipid metabolic process TAS --
GO:0044281 small molecule metabolic process TAS --
GO:0046491 L-methylmalonyl-CoA metabolic process IDA 11481338
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MCEE: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MCEE Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MCEE Gene

(6) Drugs for MCEE Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Fosfomycin Approved Pharma 26
methylmalonic acid Experimental Pharma 0
isoleucine Nutra 14
methionine Nutra 70
valine Nutra 18

(6) Additional Compounds for MCEE Gene - From: HMDB and NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • (R)-methylmalonyl-CoA
  • (R)-methylmalonyl-Coenzyme A
  • (S)-2-Methyl-3-Oxopropanoyl-Coa
  • (S)-methyl-malonyl-CoA
  • (S)-methyl-malonyl-Coenzyme A
  • (S)-Methylmalonyl-CoA
  • (S)-Methylmalonyl-Coenzyme A
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MCEE: view

Transcripts for MCEE Gene

mRNA/cDNA for MCEE Gene

Unigene Clusters for MCEE Gene

Methylmalonyl CoA epimerase:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for MCEE

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MCEE Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d ^ 4a · 4b
SP1: -
SP3: - - - -

Relevant External Links for MCEE Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MCEE Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MCEE Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MCEE Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Salivary gland (13.3), Liver, secretome (9.0), Stomach (6.6), and Adrenal (6.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for MCEE Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MCEE Gene Hs.94949

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MCEE: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MCEE Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MCEE Gene

Orthologs for MCEE Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MCEE Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MCEE 35
  • 84.2 (n)
  • 83.82 (a)
  • 82 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MCEE 35
  • 88.07 (n)
  • 85.8 (a)
  • 78 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mcee 35
  • 83.14 (n)
  • 80.11 (a)
Mcee 16
Mcee 36
  • 79 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MCEE 35
  • 99.81 (n)
  • 99.43 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mcee 35
  • 83.9 (n)
  • 81.82 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MCEE 36
  • 73 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MCEE 36
  • 68 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MCEE 35
  • 69.41 (n)
  • 69.41 (a)
  • 66 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MCEE 36
  • 66 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mcee 35
  • 68.07 (n)
  • 71.08 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.11455 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mcee 35
  • 69.48 (n)
  • 76.62 (a)
mcee 36
  • 69 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.3080 35
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea D2030.5 37
  • 70 (a)
mce-1 35
  • 64.87 (n)
  • 70.77 (a)
mce-1 36
  • 58 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.5894 35
Species with no ortholog for MCEE:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for MCEE Gene

Gene Tree for MCEE (if available)
Gene Tree for MCEE (if available)

Paralogs for MCEE Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MCEE Gene

Variants for MCEE Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MCEE Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs4852759 -- 71,110,697(+) CCCCA(C/T)CCAAA intron-variant
rs4852760 -- 71,111,117(+) AAATA(A/C)GCTAT intron-variant
rs4852761 -- 71,126,347(+) ctcag(C/T)ctcct intron-variant
rs6546675 -- 71,113,795(+) atgga(C/G/T)gagaa intron-variant
rs6546676 -- 71,119,182(+) GGGTA(C/T)GAGTC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MCEE Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv874253 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv834256 CNV Gain 17160897
esv2720185 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2662403 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv517762 CNV Gain+Loss 19592680
nsv874254 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv438353 CNV Loss 16468122
nsv2771 CNV Loss 18451855
nsv10002 CNV Loss 18304495
dgv1196e1 CNV Complex 17122850
esv22790 CNV Loss 19812545
nsv436287 CNV Deletion 17901297
nsv498925 CNV Loss 21111241
esv2678453 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv818028 CNV Loss 17921354
nsv818039 CNV Loss 17921354
nsv514075 CNV Loss 21397061
nsv508148 CNV Loss 20534489
nsv819575 CNV Gain 19587683
esv2675733 CNV Deletion 23128226

Variation tolerance for MCEE Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 72.48% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.19; 84.81% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MCEE Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MCEE Gene

Disorders for MCEE Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for MCEE Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, DISEASES, NovoSeek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
mcee-related methylmalonic acidemia
  • methylmalonyl-coa epimerase
methylmalonyl-coa epimerase deficiency
  • methylmalonyl-coa epimerase
methylmalonic acidemia due to methylmalonyl-coa epimerase deficiency
  • mcee deficiency
methylmalonic acidemia
  • methylmalonic aciduria
- elite association
Search MCEE in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Methylmalonyl-CoA epimerase deficiency (MCEED) [MIM:251120]: Autosomal recessive inborn error of amino acid metabolism, involving valine, threonine, isoleucine and methionine. This organic aciduria may present in the neonatal period with life-threatening metabolic acidosis, hyperammonemia, feeding difficulties, pancytopenia and coma. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16752391}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for MCEE

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MCEE: view

No data available for Genatlas for MCEE Gene

Publications for MCEE Gene

  1. A homozygous nonsense mutation in the methylmalonyl-CoA epimerase gene (MCEE) results in mild methylmalonic aciduria. (PMID: 16752391) Bikker H. … Duran M. (Hum. Mutat. 2006) 2 23 67
  2. Homozygous nonsense mutation in the MCEE gene and siRNA suppression of methylmalonyl-CoA epimerase expression: a novel cause of mild methylmalonic aciduria. (PMID: 16697227) Dobson C.M. … Gravel R.A. (Mol. Genet. Metab. 2006) 2 23 67
  3. Propionyl-CoA and adenosylcobalamin metabolism in Caenorhabditis elegans: evidence for a role of methylmalonyl-CoA epimerase in intermediary metabolism. (PMID: 16843692) Chandler R.J. … Venditti C.P. (Mol. Genet. Metab. 2006) 2 23 67
  4. Atypical methylmalonic aciduria: frequency of mutations in the methylmalonyl CoA epimerase gene (MCEE). (PMID: 17823972) Gradinger A.B. … Rosenblatt D.S. (Hum. Mutat. 2007) 23 67
  5. Crystal structure of methylmalonyl-coenzyme A epimerase from P. shermanii: a novel enzymatic function on an ancient metal binding scaffold. (PMID: 11470438) McCarthy A.A. … Baker E.N. (Structure 2001) 23 67

Products for MCEE Gene

Sources for MCEE Gene

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