Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for HIST1H4K Gene

Aliases for HIST1H4K Gene

  • Histone Cluster 1, H4k 2 3
  • H4FD 3 4 6
  • H4 Histone Family, Member D 2 3
  • Histone 1, H4k 2 3
  • H4/D 3 4
  • HIST1H4A HIST1H4B HIST1H4C HIST1H4D HIST1H4E HIST1H4F HIST1H4H HIST1H4I HIST1H4J HIST1H4K HIST1H4L HIST2H4A HIST2H4B HIST4H4 4
  • Histone H4 3
  • DJ160A22.1 3
  • HIST2H4 4
  • H4F2iii 3
  • H4/G 4
  • H4FG 4
  • H4/A 4
  • H4/B 4
  • H4/C 4
  • H4/E 4
  • H4/H 4
  • H4/I 4
  • H4/J 4
  • H4/K 4
  • H4/M 4
  • H4/N 4
  • H4/O 4
  • H4F2 4
  • H4FA 4
  • H4FB 4
  • H4FC 4
  • H4FE 4
  • H4FH 4
  • H4FI 4
  • H4FJ 4
  • H4FK 4
  • H4FM 4
  • H4FN 4
  • H4FO 4

External Ids for HIST1H4K Gene

Previous Symbols for HIST1H4K Gene

  • H4FD

Summaries for HIST1H4K Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HIST1H4K Gene

  • Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Two molecules of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) form an octamer, around which approximately 146 bp of DNA is wrapped in repeating units, called nucleosomes. The linker histone, H1, interacts with linker DNA between nucleosomes and functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a member of the histone H4 family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails but instead contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the small histone gene cluster on chromosome 6p22-p21.3. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for HIST1H4K Gene

HIST1H4K (Histone Cluster 1, H4k) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Disease and Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H4K Gene

  • Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling

Gene Wiki entry for HIST1H4K Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HIST1H4K Gene

Genomics for HIST1H4K Gene

Genomic Location for HIST1H4K Gene

Start:
27,831,174 bp from pter
End:
27,831,527 bp from pter
Size:
354 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for HIST1H4K Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for HIST1H4K Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HIST1H4K Gene

Regulatory Elements for HIST1H4K Gene

Proteins for HIST1H4K Gene

  • Protein details for HIST1H4K Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P62805-H4_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Histone H4
    Protein Accession:
    P62805
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A2VCL0
    • P02304
    • P02305
    • Q6DRA9
    • Q6FGB8
    • Q6NWP7

    Protein attributes for HIST1H4K Gene

    Size:
    103 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    11367 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAI28106.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=3; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for HIST1H4K Gene

neXtProt entry for HIST1H4K Gene

Proteomics data for HIST1H4K Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for HIST1H4K Gene

  • Acetylation at Lys-6 (H4K5ac), Lys-9 (H4K8ac), Lys-13 (H4K12ac) and Lys-17 (H4K16ac) occurs in coding regions of the genome but not in heterochromatin.
  • Citrullination at Arg-4 (H4R3ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation.
  • Crotonylation (Kcr) is specifically present in male germ cells and marks testis-specific genes in post-meiotic cells, including X-linked genes that escape sex chromosome inactivation in haploid cells. Crotonylation marks active promoters and enhancers and confers resistance to transcriptional repressors. It is also associated with post-meiotically activated genes on autosomes.
  • Monomethylated, dimethylated or trimethylated at Lys-21 (H4K20me1, H4K20me2, H4K20me3). Monomethylation is performed by SET8. Trimethylation is performed by SUV420H1 and SUV420H2 and induces gene silencing
  • Monomethylation and asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-4 (H4R3me1 and H4R3me2a, respectively) by PRMT1 favors acetylation at Lys-9 (H4K8ac) and Lys-13 (H4K12ac). Demethylation is performed by JMJD6. Symmetric dimethylation on Arg-4 (H4R3me2s) by the PRDM1/PRMT5 complex may play a crucial role in the germ-cell lineage.
  • Phosphorylated by PAK2 at Ser-48 (H4S47ph). This phosphorylation increases the association of H3.3-H4 with the histone chaperone HIRA, thus promoting nucleosome assembly of H3.3-H4 and inhibiting nucleosome assembly of H3.1-H4.
  • Sumoylated, which is associated with transcriptional repression.
  • Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins. Monoubiquitinated at Lys-92 of histone H4 (H4K91ub1) in response to DNA damage. The exact role of H4K91ub1 in DNA damage response is still unclear but it may function as a licensing signal for additional histone H4 post-translational modifications such as H4 Lys-21 methylation (H4K20me).
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Ubiquitination at Lys32, Lys60, Lys78, and Lys80

Other Protein References for HIST1H4K Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HIST1H4K Gene

Domains for HIST1H4K Gene

Gene Families for HIST1H4K Gene

HGNC:
  • HIST :Histones / Replication-dependent

Protein Domains for HIST1H4K Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P62805

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

H4_HUMAN
Family:
  • Belongs to the histone H4 family.:
    • P62805
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HIST1H4K: view

No data available for Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HIST1H4K Gene

Function for HIST1H4K Gene

Molecular function for HIST1H4K Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HIST1H4K Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding TAS 3035717
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 10220385
GO:0035575 histone demethylase activity (H4-K20 specific) TAS --
GO:0042393 histone binding IPI 20498094
GO:0044822 poly(A) RNA binding IDA 22658674
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H4K: view

miRNA for HIST1H4K Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target HIST1H4K

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for HIST1H4K Gene

Localization for HIST1H4K Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H4K Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for HIST1H4K Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HIST1H4K gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 4
extracellular 4

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HIST1H4K Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000228 nuclear chromosome IDA 14718166
GO:0000786 nucleosome TAS 3035717
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 14585971
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H4K: view

Pathways for HIST1H4K Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with HIST1H4K: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HIST1H4K Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000183 chromatin silencing at rDNA TAS --
GO:0000278 mitotic cell cycle TAS --
GO:0000723 telomere maintenance TAS --
GO:0006325 chromatin organization TAS --
GO:0006334 nucleosome assembly TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HIST1H4K: view

Transcripts for HIST1H4K Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HIST1H4K Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(3) Additional mRNA sequences :
(16) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for HIST1H4K Gene

Histone cluster 1, H4k:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HIST1H4K Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for HIST1H4K Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
HIST1H4K
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
HIST1H4K

Expression for HIST1H4K Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for HIST1H4K Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HIST1H4K Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (4.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, MOPED, and MaxQB for HIST1H4K Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HIST1H4K Gene Hs.528055

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with HIST1H4K: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for HIST1H4K Gene

Orthologs for HIST1H4K Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for HIST1H4K Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LOC462494 35
  • 83.82 (n)
  • 100 (a)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LOC518961 35
  • 84.79 (n)
  • 100 (a)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hist1h4j 35
  • 89.97 (n)
  • 100 (a)
Hist1h4k 16
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC102551184 35
  • 89 (n)
  • 100 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.17431 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100492878 35
  • 84.79 (n)
  • 100 (a)
Str.1273 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii si:ch211-113a14.21 35
  • 83.17 (n)
  • 100 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012558 35
  • 80.26 (n)
  • 99.03 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta His4:CG33895 35
  • 78.64 (n)
  • 99.03 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea his-18 35
  • 76.7 (n)
  • 99.03 (a)
barley
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.12211 35
corn
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.15826 35
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.12348 35
wheat
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.25145 35
Species with no ortholog for HIST1H4K:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for HIST1H4K Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for HIST1H4K (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for HIST1H4K (if available)

Paralogs for HIST1H4K Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for HIST1H4K Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with HIST1H4K: view

No data available for Paralogs for HIST1H4K Gene

Variants for HIST1H4K Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HIST1H4K Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs200488 -- 27,831,267(-) GATGT(A/C/G)GTCTA synonymous-codon, reference
rs425335 -- 27,831,749(-) TAACA(A/G)AATAC upstream-variant-2KB
rs2747052 -- 27,832,834(+) ATTTT(C/T)TTTCT upstream-variant-2KB
rs2747053 -- 27,832,838(+) TCTTT(C/T)TTATT upstream-variant-2KB
rs4713125 -- 27,832,893(+) ttttg(G/T)ggaga upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HIST1H4K Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv883512 CNV Gain 21882294

Relevant External Links for HIST1H4K Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
HIST1H4K

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST1H4K Gene

Disorders for HIST1H4K Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

H4_HUMAN
  • Note=Chromosomal aberrations involving HISTONE H4 is a cause of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (B-cell NHL). Translocation t(3;6)(q27;p21), with BCL6.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for HIST1H4K Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with HIST1H4K: view

Publications for HIST1H4K Gene

  1. The human and mouse replication-dependent histone genes. (PMID: 12408966) Marzluff W.F. … Maltais L.J. (Genomics 2002) 2 3 4
  2. The human histone gene cluster at the D6S105 locus. (PMID: 9439656) Albig W. … Doenecke D. (Hum. Genet. 1997) 2 3 4
  3. Protein-DNA interactions in vivo upstream of a cell cycle-regulated human H4 histone gene. (PMID: 3035717) Pauli U. … Nick H. (Science 1987) 3 4
  4. Transcriptional activation of the integrated chromatin-associated human immunodeficiency virus type 1 promoter. (PMID: 9566873) El Kharroubi A. … Martin M.A. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 1998) 3
  5. Three proteins define a class of human histone deacetylases related to yeast Hda1p. (PMID: 10220385) Grozinger C.M. … Schreiber S.L. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1999) 3

Products for HIST1H4K Gene

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat
  • QIAGEN qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate HIST1H4K
    • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
    • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for HIST1H4K
    • Block miRNA regulation of HIST1H4K using miScript Target Protectors

    Sources for HIST1H4K Gene

    Back to Top

    Content