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Aliases for CAMK2B Gene

Aliases for CAMK2B Gene

  • Calcium/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase II Beta 2 3
  • Proline Rich Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase 2 3
  • CaM Kinase II Beta Subunit 2 3
  • CaM-Kinase II Beta Chain 2 3
  • CaMK-II Subunit Beta 3 4
  • EC 2.7.11.17 4 63
  • CAMKB 3 4
  • CAMK2 3 4
  • CAM2 3 4
  • Calcium/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase (CaM Kinase) II Beta 2
  • Calcium/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type II Subunit Beta 3
  • Calcium/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type II Beta Chain 2
  • CaM Kinase II Subunit Beta 4
  • EC 2.7.11 63

External Ids for CAMK2B Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for CAMK2B Gene

  • CAMKB

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CAMK2B Gene

  • GC07M043905
  • GC07M043999
  • GC07M044032
  • GC07M044225
  • GC07M044142

Summaries for CAMK2B Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CAMK2B Gene

  • The product of this gene belongs to the serine/threonine protein kinase family and to the Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase subfamily. Calcium signaling is crucial for several aspects of plasticity at glutamatergic synapses. In mammalian cells, the enzyme is composed of four different chains: alpha, beta, gamma, and delta. The product of this gene is a beta chain. It is possible that distinct isoforms of this chain have different cellular localizations and interact differently with calmodulin. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]

GeneCards Summary for CAMK2B Gene

CAMK2B (Calcium/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase II Beta) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CAMK2B include phencyclidine abuse. Among its related pathways are Proteoglycans in cancer and ERK Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include actin binding and calmodulin-dependent protein kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DCX.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CAMK2B Gene

  • Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase that functions autonomously after Ca(2+)/calmodulin-binding and autophosphorylation, and is involved in dendritic spine and synapse formation, neuronal plasticity and regulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) transport in skeletal muscle. In neurons, plays an essential structural role in the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton during plasticity by binding and bundling actin filaments in a kinase-independent manner. This structural function is required for correct targeting of CaMK2A, which acts downstream of NMDAR to promote dendritic spine and synapse formation and maintain synaptic plasticity which enables long-term potentiation (LTP) and hippocampus-dependent learning. In developing hippocampal neurons, promotes arborization of the dendritic tree and in mature neurons, promotes dendritic remodeling. Participates in the modulation of skeletal muscle function in response to exercise. In slow-twitch muscles, is involved in regulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) transport and in fast-twitch muscle participates in the control of Ca(2+) release from the SR through phosphorylation of triadin, a ryanodine receptor-coupling factor, and phospholamban (PLN/PLB), an endogenous inhibitor of SERCA2A/ATP2A2.

Tocris Summary for CAMK2B Gene

  • Calmodulin-dependent kinases (CaMK) are a family of serine/threonine kinases that mediate many of the second messenger effects of Ca2+. At basal Ca2+ levels, CaMKs are maintained in a dormant state through autoinhibition. Increases in Ca2+ levels allows calmodulin to relieve this autoinhibition and activate the kinase activity. There are two main classes of CaMKs; mulitfunctional CaMKs (CaMKK, CaMKI, CaMKII and CaMKIV) which have multiple downstream targets and substrate-specific CaMKs (CaMKIII) which have only one known downstream target. All CaMKs, with the exception of CaMKII, exist as monomers and most are expressed ubiquitously. Some subtypes display specific distributions, for example, CaMKIVbeta is expressed exclusively in cerebellar granule cells. CaMKs have numerous cellular functions and they influence processes as diverse as gene transcription, cell survival, apoptosis, cytoskeletal re-organization and learning and memory.

Gene Wiki entry for CAMK2B Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CAMK2B Gene

Genomics for CAMK2B Gene

Regulatory Elements for CAMK2B Gene

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the CAMK2B gene promoter:

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for CAMK2B Gene

Start:
44,217,150 bp from pter
End:
44,334,577 bp from pter
Size:
117,428 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for CAMK2B Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for CAMK2B Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CAMK2B Gene

Proteins for CAMK2B Gene

  • Protein details for CAMK2B Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q13554-KCC2B_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type II subunit beta
    Protein Accession:
    Q13554
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A4D2K0
    • A4D2K1
    • A4D2K2
    • A4D2K3
    • A4D2K4
    • A4D2K5
    • A4D2K6
    • O95437
    • O95438
    • O95599
    • Q9UGH7
    • Q9UGH8
    • Q9UGH9
    • Q9UNX0
    • Q9UNX7
    • Q9UP00
    • Q9Y5N4
    • Q9Y6F4

    Protein attributes for CAMK2B Gene

    Size:
    666 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    72678 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • CAMK2 is composed of 4 different chains: alpha (CAMK2A), beta (CAMK2B), gamma (CAMK2G), and delta (CAMK2D). The different isoforms assemble into homo- or heteromultimeric holoenzymes composed of 12 subunits with two hexameric rings stacked one on top of the other. Interacts with SYNGAP1 and CAMK2N2 (By similarity). Interacts with MPDZ.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAC99802.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=426, 433, 511, 516; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CAMK2B Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for CAMK2B Gene

neXtProt entry for CAMK2B Gene

Proteomics data for CAMK2B Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for CAMK2B Gene

  • Autophosphorylation of Thr-287 following activation by Ca(2+)/calmodulin. Phosphorylation of Thr-287 locks the kinase into an activated state.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys259
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for CAMK2B (CAMK2B)

Domains for CAMK2B Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q13554

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

KCC2B_HUMAN :
  • Q13554
Domain:
  • The CAMK2 protein kinases contain a unique C-terminal subunit association domain responsible for oligomerization
  • Contains 1 protein kinase domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. CaMK subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CAMK2B: view

Function for CAMK2B Gene

Molecular function for CAMK2B Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: protein kinase,type II,calcium/calmodulin dependent,beta isoform
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation: Activated by Ca(2+)/calmodulin. Binding of calmodulin results in conformational change that relieves intrasteric autoinhibition and allows autophosphorylation of Thr-287 which turns the kinase in a constitutively active form and confers to the kinase a Ca(2+)-independent activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase that functions autonomously after Ca(2+)/calmodulin-binding and autophosphorylation, and is involved in dendritic spine and synapse formation, neuronal plasticity and regulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) transport in skeletal muscle. In neurons, plays an essential structural role in the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton during plasticity by binding and bundling actin filaments in a kinase-independent manner. This structural function is required for correct targeting of CaMK2A, which acts downstream of NMDAR to promote dendritic spine and synapse formation and maintain synaptic plasticity which enables long-term potentiation (LTP) and hippocampus-dependent learning. In developing hippocampal neurons, promotes arborization of the dendritic tree and in mature neurons, promotes dendritic remodeling. Participates in the modulation of skeletal muscle function in response to exercise. In slow-twitch muscles, is involved in regulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) transport and in fast-twitch muscle participates in the control of Ca(2+) release from the SR through phosphorylation of triadin, a ryanodine receptor-coupling factor, and phospholamban (PLN/PLB), an endogenous inhibitor of SERCA2A/ATP2A2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction: Activity is induced in skeletal muscle during exercise.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for CAMK2B Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CAMK2B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003779 actin binding IEA --
GO:0004672 protein kinase activity --
GO:0004674 protein serine/threonine kinase activity --
GO:0004683 calmodulin-dependent protein kinase activity IEA --
GO:0004713 protein tyrosine kinase activity --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CAMK2B: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CAMK2B: view

Animal Models for CAMK2B Gene

MGI Knock Outs for CAMK2B:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for CAMK2B Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target CAMK2B

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CAMK2B

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for CAMK2B Gene

Localization for CAMK2B Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CAMK2B Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side. Note=In slow-twitch muscle, evenly distributed between longitudinal SR and junctional SR.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for CAMK2B Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CAMK2B gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
endoplasmic reticulum 5
cytosol 4
nucleus 4
plasma membrane 4
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CAMK2B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005815 microtubule organizing center IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0016529 sarcoplasmic reticulum --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CAMK2B: view

Pathways for CAMK2B Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CAMK2B: view

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CAMK2B Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000082 G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle IEA --
GO:0002030 inhibitory G-protein coupled receptor phosphorylation IEA --
GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation TAS 9060999
GO:0006816 calcium ion transport IEA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction TAS 9060999
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CAMK2B: view

Compounds for CAMK2B Gene

(5) Tocris Compounds for CAMK2B Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
A 484954 CaM kinase III (eEF-2 kinase) inhibitor [142557-61-7]
Arcyriaflavin A Potent cdk4/cyclin D1 and CaM Kinase II inhibitor. Antiviral agent (anti-HCMV) [118458-54-1]
KN 93 CaM kinase II inhibitor; also K+ channel blocker (KV) [139298-40-1]
KN 93 phosphate CaM kinase II inhibitor; water soluble version of KN 93 (Cat. No. 1278). [1188890-41-6]
STO-609 acetate Selective CaM kinase kinase inhibitor [1173022-21-3]

(3) HMDB Compounds for CAMK2B Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Adenosine triphosphate
  • 5'-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate) Adenosine
56-65-5
ADP
  • adenosindiphosphorsaeure
58-64-0
Calcium
  • Ca
7440-70-2

(1) Drugbank Compounds for CAMK2B Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CAMK2B: view

Transcripts for CAMK2B Gene

Unigene Clusters for CAMK2B Gene

Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II beta:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for CAMK2B

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CAMK2B Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b · 14c · 14d ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21 ^ 22 ^ 23 ^
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - - - - - -
SP6: - - - - - - - - - -
SP7: - - - - - - -
SP8: - - - - -
SP9: - - - -
SP10: - - -
SP11: -
SP12:
SP13:
SP14:
SP15:

ExUns: 24 ^ 25 ^ 26a · 26b ^ 27 ^ 28 ^ 29a · 29b ^ 30
SP1: - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - -
SP5: - -
SP6: - - -
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13: - - - -
SP14: -
SP15:

Relevant External Links for CAMK2B Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CAMK2B
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CAMK2B

Expression for CAMK2B Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for CAMK2B Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CAMK2B Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cerebellar Hemisphere (5.6), Brain - Cerebellum (5.5), Brain - Putamen (basal ganglia) (4.8), and Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (4.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for CAMK2B Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CAMK2B Gene Hs.351887

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CAMK2B Gene

Q13554-KCC2B_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Widely expressed. Expressed in adult and fetal brain. Expression is slightly lower in fetal brain. Expressed in skeletal muscle.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with CAMK2B: view

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for CAMK2B Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for CAMK2B Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CAMK2B 35
  • 90.18 (n)
  • 94.45 (a)
CAMK2B 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CAMK2B 36
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Camk2b 35
  • 91.5 (n)
  • 97.98 (a)
Camk2b 16
Camk2b 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CAMK2B 36
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CAMK2B 36
  • 49 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Camk2b 35
  • 91.96 (n)
  • 97.79 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CAMK2B 35
  • 84.46 (n)
  • 91.65 (a)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia CAMK2B 36
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.987 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia camk2b 35
  • 78.23 (n)
  • 90.19 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii camk2b1 36
  • 82 (a)
OneToMany
camk2b2 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToMany
Dr.12561 35
LOC798222 35
  • 79.26 (n)
  • 86.64 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CaMKII 36
  • 73 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea unc-43 36
  • 49 (a)
OneToMany
corn
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.1824 35
Species with no ortholog for CAMK2B:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for CAMK2B Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CAMK2B (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CAMK2B (if available)

Paralogs for CAMK2B Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CAMK2B: view

Variants for CAMK2B Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CAMK2B Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs730951 -- 44,232,814(-) ACTGC(C/T)CCACT intron-variant
rs732360 -- 44,222,379(-) GGCAG(C/T)ACTCA intron-variant
rs758982 -- 44,218,344(-) TGGTC(A/G)GGTGG utr-variant-3-prime, intron-variant
rs917791 -- 44,229,186(-) CACTT(C/T)CCTGC intron-variant
rs917792 -- 44,226,380(-) CCCAG(A/G)GAATT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CAMK2B Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv509195 CNV Insertion 20534489
nsv887998 CNV Loss 21882294
esv24646 CNV Gain 19812545
esv2734322 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv9227 CNV Loss 19470904
esv2629662 CNV Insertion 19546169
nsv830984 CNV Gain 17160897
esv22639 CNV Loss 19812545

Relevant External Links for CAMK2B Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
CAMK2B
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
CAMK2B

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CAMK2B Gene

Disorders for CAMK2B Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (1) Diseases for CAMK2B Gene including...

Search for CAMK2B Gene in MalaCards »

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for CAMK2B Gene

Relevant External Links for CAMK2B

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
CAMK2B
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
CAMK2B
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CAMK2B: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CAMK2B Gene

Publications for CAMK2B Gene

  1. Cloning and quantitative determination of the human Ca2+/calmodulin- dependent protein kinase II (CaMK II) isoforms in human beta cells. (PMID: 10819240) Rochlitz H. … Pfeiffer A.F. (Diabetologia 2000) 3 4
  2. Identification of alternative splicing variants of the beta subunit of human Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II with different activities. (PMID: 10858498) Wang P. … Pei G. (FEBS Lett. 2000) 3 4
  3. Identification of novel human tumor cell-specific CaMK-II variants. (PMID: 9060999) Tombes R.M. … Krystal G.W. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1997) 3 4
  4. Human chromosome 7: DNA sequence and biology. (PMID: 12690205) Scherer S.W. … Tsui L.-C. (Science 2003) 3 4
  5. The role of calcium and calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinases in skeletal muscle plasticity and mitochondrial biogenesis. (PMID: 15294044) Chin E.R. (Proc. Nutrit. Soc. 2004) 3 4

Products for CAMK2B Gene

Sources for CAMK2B Gene

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