Aliases for FTO Gene
External Ids for FTO Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FTO Gene
This gene is a nuclear protein of the AlkB related non-haem iron and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenase superfamily but the exact physiological function of this gene is not known. Other non-heme iron enzymes function to reverse alkylated DNA and RNA damage by oxidative demethylation. Studies in mice and humans indicate a role in nervous and cardiovascular systems and a strong association with body mass index, obesity risk, and type 2 diabetes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2011]
GeneCards Summary for FTO Gene
FTO (FTO, Alpha-Ketoglutarate Dependent Dioxygenase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FTO include Growth Retardation, Developmental Delay, And Facial Dysmorphism and Body Mass Index Quantitative Trait Locus 14. Among its related pathways are DNA Damage Reversal and FTO Obesity Variant Mechanism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ferrous iron binding and oxidative RNA demethylase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for FTO Gene
Dioxygenase that repairs alkylated DNA and RNA by oxidative demethylation. Has highest activity towards single-stranded RNA containing 3-methyluracil, followed by single-stranded DNA containing 3-methylthymine. Has low demethylase activity towards single-stranded DNA containing 1-methyladenine or 3-methylcytosine (PubMed:18775698, PubMed:20376003). Specifically demethylates N(6)-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA, the most prevalent internal modification of messenger RNA (mRNA) in higher eukaryotes (PubMed:22002720, PubMed:26458103). Has no activity towards 1-methylguanine. Has no detectable activity towards double-stranded DNA. Requires molecular oxygen, alpha-ketoglutarate and iron. Contributes to the regulation of the global metabolic rate, energy expenditure and energy homeostasis. Contributes to the regulation of body size and body fat accumulation (PubMed:18775698, PubMed:20376003). In particular, it is involved in the regulation of thermogenesis and the control of adipocyte differentiation into brown or white fat cells (PubMed:26287746).