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Aliases for VEGFA Gene

Aliases for VEGFA Gene

  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A 2 3 5
  • Vascular Permeability Factor 3 4
  • VEGF 3 4
  • VPF 3 4
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A121 3
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A165 3
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor 2
  • VEGF-A 4
  • MVCD1 3

External Ids for VEGFA Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for VEGFA Gene

  • VEGF

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for VEGFA Gene

  • GC06P043846
  • GC06P043458

Summaries for VEGFA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for VEGFA Gene

  • This gene is a member of the PDGF/VEGF growth factor family. It encodes a heparin-binding protein, which exists as a disulfide-linked homodimer. This growth factor induces proliferation and migration of vascular endothelial cells, and is essential for both physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Disruption of this gene in mice resulted in abnormal embryonic blood vessel formation. This gene is upregulated in many known tumors and its expression is correlated with tumor stage and progression. Elevated levels of this protein are found in patients with POEMS syndrome, also known as Crow-Fukase syndrome. Allelic variants of this gene have been associated with microvascular complications of diabetes 1 (MVCD1) and atherosclerosis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described. There is also evidence for alternative translation initiation from upstream non-AUG (CUG) codons resulting in additional isoforms. A recent study showed that a C-terminally extended isoform is produced by use of an alternative in-frame translation termination codon via a stop codon readthrough mechanism, and that this isoform is antiangiogenic. Expression of some isoforms derived from the AUG start codon is regulated by a small upstream open reading frame, which is located within an internal ribosome entry site. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]

CIViC summary for VEGFA Gene

GeneCards Summary for VEGFA Gene

VEGFA (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with VEGFA include Microvascular Complications Of Diabetes 1 and Microvascular Complications Of Diabetes 1, Susceptibility. Among its related pathways are Development VEGF signaling via VEGFR2 - generic cascades and Immune response Fc epsilon RI pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is PGF.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VEGFA Gene

  • Growth factor active in angiogenesis, vasculogenesis and endothelial cell growth. Induces endothelial cell proliferation, promotes cell migration, inhibits apoptosis and induces permeabilization of blood vessels. Binds to the FLT1/VEGFR1 and KDR/VEGFR2 receptors, heparan sulfate and heparin. NRP1/Neuropilin-1 binds isoforms VEGF-165 and VEGF-145. Isoform VEGF165B binds to KDR but does not activate downstream signaling pathways, does not activate angiogenesis and inhibits tumor growth. Binding to NRP1 receptor initiates a signaling pathway needed for motor neuron axon guidance and cell body migration, including for the caudal migration of facial motor neurons from rhombomere 4 to rhombomere 6 during embryonic development (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for VEGFA Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for VEGFA Gene

Genomics for VEGFA Gene

Regulatory Elements for VEGFA Gene

Enhancers for VEGFA Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH06G044056 2.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.7 +292.1 292074 12.0 MLX CREB3L1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF548 MEF2D RCOR2 GLIS1 NBN POLH NFKBIE RPS2P29 MRPL14 TMEM63B ENSG00000271754 VEGFA SLC35B2 AARS2 MAD2L1BP
GH06G043801 2.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.6 +35.2 35150 6.9 MLX CREB3L1 AGO1 ZFP64 DMAP1 FEZF1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 POLH RPS2P29 CUL7 RRP36 ENSG00000272223 MYMX PEX6 VEGFA YIPF3 ENSG00000271754
GH06G043723 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 12 -45.3 -45277 2.6 MLX CREB3L1 FEZF1 DMAP1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF548 ZNF263 SP3 TBX21 MAD2L1BP VEGFA BICRAL MRPS18A RSPH9 GTPBP2 POLH CAPN11 NFKBIE SLC35B2
GH06G043667 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.9 -101.1 -101059 3.9 CREB3L1 MLX AGO1 DMAP1 FEZF1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 RSPH9 GTPBP2 MAD2L1BP VEGFA RPS2P29 ENSG00000252218 GC06P043678 GC06P043677
GH06G044033 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.7 +265.4 265419 3.6 HDGF SIN3A ZNF48 SLC30A9 GLIS2 ZNF143 ZNF207 FOS SP3 SP5 ENSG00000271970 NFKBIE C6orf223 VEGFA CDC5L RPL34P14 RSPH9 SLC29A1 GTPBP2 MAD2L1BP
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around VEGFA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for VEGFA Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000197181 1416 4001 CREB3L1 DMAP1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 MEF2D SSRP1 ZNF610 GLIS1

Genomic Location for VEGFA Gene

Chromosome:
6
Start:
43,770,184 bp from pter
End:
43,786,487 bp from pter
Size:
16,304 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for VEGFA Gene

Genes around VEGFA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
VEGFA Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for VEGFA Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for VEGFA Gene

Proteins for VEGFA Gene

  • Protein details for VEGFA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P15692-VEGFA_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Vascular endothelial growth factor A
    Protein Accession:
    P15692
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B5BU86
    • H0Y2S8
    • H0Y407
    • H0Y414
    • H0Y462
    • H0Y8N2
    • H3BLW7
    • O60720
    • O75875
    • Q074Z4
    • Q16889
    • Q5UB46
    • Q6P0P5
    • Q96KJ0
    • Q96L82
    • Q96NW5
    • Q9H1W8
    • Q9H1W9
    • Q9UH58
    • Q9UL23

    Protein attributes for VEGFA Gene

    Size:
    232 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    27042 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Also found as heterodimer with PGF (By similarity). Interacts with NRP1 (PubMed:26503042).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAC63102.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAC63143.1; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Unusual initiator. The initiator methionine is coded by a non-canonical CTG leucine codon.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAC19512.2; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Unusual initiator. The initiator methionine is coded by a non-canonical CTG leucine codon.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAC19516.2; Type=Miscellaneous discrepancy; Note=Unusual initiator. The initiator methionine is coded by a non-canonical CTG leucine codon.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for VEGFA Gene

neXtProt entry for VEGFA Gene

Post-translational modifications for VEGFA Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn101
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

Protein Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for VEGFA Gene

Domains & Families for VEGFA Gene

Gene Families for VEGFA Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P15692

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

VEGFA_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the PDGF/VEGF growth factor family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the PDGF/VEGF growth factor family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with VEGFA: view

Function for VEGFA Gene

Molecular function for VEGFA Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Growth factor active in angiogenesis, vasculogenesis and endothelial cell growth. Induces endothelial cell proliferation, promotes cell migration, inhibits apoptosis and induces permeabilization of blood vessels. Binds to the FLT1/VEGFR1 and KDR/VEGFR2 receptors, heparan sulfate and heparin. NRP1/Neuropilin-1 binds isoforms VEGF-165 and VEGF-145. Isoform VEGF165B binds to KDR but does not activate downstream signaling pathways, does not activate angiogenesis and inhibits tumor growth. Binding to NRP1 receptor initiates a signaling pathway needed for motor neuron axon guidance and cell body migration, including for the caudal migration of facial motor neurons from rhombomere 4 to rhombomere 6 during embryonic development (By similarity).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
By hypoxia. Regulated by growth factors, cytokines, gonadotropins, nitric oxide, hypoglycemia and oncogenic mutations.

LifeMap Function Summary for VEGFA Gene

It affects the following cells:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for VEGFA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001968 fibronectin binding IDA 14570917
GO:0005125 cytokine activity ISS --
GO:0005161 platelet-derived growth factor receptor binding IPI 17470632
GO:0005172 vascular endothelial growth factor receptor binding IPI 10471394
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 9393862
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VEGFA: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with VEGFA: view

Animal Models for VEGFA Gene

MGI Knock Outs for VEGFA:

miRNA for VEGFA Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target VEGFA

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for VEGFA Gene

Localization for VEGFA Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for VEGFA Gene

Secreted. Note=VEGF121 is acidic and freely secreted. VEGF165 is more basic, has heparin-binding properties and, although a signicant proportion remains cell-associated, most is freely secreted. VEGF189 is very basic, it is cell-associated after secretion and is bound avidly by heparin and the extracellular matrix, although it may be released as a soluble form by heparin, heparinase or plasmin.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for VEGFA gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 4
plasma membrane 3
cytoskeleton 3
mitochondrion 3
cytosol 3
peroxisome 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
lysosome 1
endosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for VEGFA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005578 proteinaceous extracellular matrix NAS 14570917
GO:0005615 extracellular space ISS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 17082651
GO:0009986 cell surface IDA 17470632
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VEGFA: view

Pathways & Interactions for VEGFA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with VEGFA: view

Pathways by source for VEGFA Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for VEGFA Gene

Activates:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for VEGFA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IDA 18093989
GO:0001525 angiogenesis IEA,IDA 11427521
GO:0001541 ovarian follicle development ISS --
GO:0001569 branching involved in blood vessel morphogenesis ISS --
GO:0001570 vasculogenesis TAS 15015550
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with VEGFA: view

Drugs & Compounds for VEGFA Gene

(111) Drugs for VEGFA Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, ApexBio, DGIdb, FDA Approved Drugs, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Ranibizumab Approved Pharma inhibitor, Target 486
Bevacizumab Approved, Investigational Pharma antagonist, antibody, inhibitor, Target VEGF antagonist, Therapeutic Antibodies, Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor (VEGFR) inhibitors 2020
pegaptanib Approved, Investigational Pharma 0
Vandetanib Approved April 2011 Pharma Target, inhibitor VEGFR, EGFR, and RET inhibitor, EGFR Inhibitors, Kinase Inhibitors, Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor (VEGFR) inhibitors 0
Minocycline Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, inhibitor 231

(32) Additional Compounds for VEGFA Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
7-Hydroxygliclazide
8-Hydroxycarvedilol

(2) ApexBio Compounds for VEGFA Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Combretastatin A4 117048-59-6
Nintedanib (BIBF 1120) VEGFR/PDGFR/FGFR inhibitor 928326-83-4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with VEGFA: view

Transcripts for VEGFA Gene

Unigene Clusters for VEGFA Gene

Vascular endothelial growth factor A:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for VEGFA Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b · 9c · 9d
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - -
SP5: - - - - - - -
SP6: -
SP7:

Relevant External Links for VEGFA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
VEGFA
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
VEGFA

Expression for VEGFA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for VEGFA Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery