Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for UCP1 Gene

Aliases for UCP1 Gene

  • Uncoupling Protein 1 (Mitochondrial, Proton Carrier) 2 3
  • Solute Carrier Family 25 Member 7 3 4
  • Thermogenin 3 4
  • SLC25A7 3 4
  • UCP 3 4
  • Mitochondrial Brown Fat Uncoupling Protein 1 3
  • UCP 1 4

External Ids for UCP1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for UCP1 Gene

  • UCP

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for UCP1 Gene

  • GC04M142344
  • GC04M141798
  • GC04M141947
  • GC04M142058
  • GC04M141838
  • GC04M141700
  • GC04M141480
  • GC04M137211

Summaries for UCP1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for UCP1 Gene

  • Mitochondrial uncoupling proteins (UCP) are members of the family of mitochondrial anion carrier proteins (MACP). UCPs separate oxidative phosphorylation from ATP synthesis with energy dissipated as heat, also referred to as the mitochondrial proton leak. UCPs facilitate the transfer of anions from the inner to the outer mitochondrial membrane and the return transfer of protons from the outer to the inner mitochondrial membrane. They also reduce the mitochondrial membrane potential in mammalian cells. Tissue specificity occurs for the different UCPs and the exact methods of how UCPs transfer H+/OH- are not known. UCPs contain the three homologous protein domains of MACPs. This gene is expressed only in brown adipose tissue, a specialized tissue which functions to produce heat. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for UCP1 Gene

UCP1 (Uncoupling Protein 1 (Mitochondrial, Proton Carrier)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with UCP1 include multiple symmetric lipomatosis and lipomatosis. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Ca-dependent events. GO annotations related to this gene include oxidative phosphorylation uncoupler activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC25A30.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UCP1 Gene

  • UCP are mitochondrial transporter proteins that create proton leaks across the inner mitochondrial membrane, thus uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation from ATP synthesis. As a result, energy is dissipated in the form of heat

Gene Wiki entry for UCP1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for UCP1 Gene

Genomics for UCP1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for UCP1 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for UCP1 Gene

140,559,434 bp from pter
140,568,835 bp from pter
9,402 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for UCP1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for UCP1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for UCP1 Gene

Proteins for UCP1 Gene

  • Protein details for UCP1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Mitochondrial brown fat uncoupling protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q13218
    • Q4KMZ3
    • Q68G66

    Protein attributes for UCP1 Gene

    307 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    33005 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Acts as a dimer forming a proton channel

neXtProt entry for UCP1 Gene

Proteomics data for UCP1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for UCP1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for UCP1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for UCP1 (UCP1)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for UCP1 Gene

Domains for UCP1 Gene

Gene Families for UCP1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for UCP1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • P25874
  • Belongs to the mitochondrial carrier (TC 2.A.29) family.
  • Contains 3 Solcar repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with UCP1: view

Function for UCP1 Gene

Molecular function for UCP1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
uncoupling protein of inner mitochondrial membrane 1,dissipating the proton electrochemical gradient and uncoupling fuel oxidation from ADP-ATP conversion,expressed in brown adipose tissue,regulated by PPARA and PPARG in mice,with a minor role of the 5utr polymorphism in obesity and diabetes
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
UCP are mitochondrial transporter proteins that create proton leaks across the inner mitochondrial membrane, thus uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation from ATP synthesis. As a result, energy is dissipated in the form of heat

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for UCP1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding --
GO:0017077 oxidative phosphorylation uncoupler activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with UCP1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with UCP1: view

Animal Models for UCP1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for UCP1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for UCP1

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for UCP1 Gene

Localization for UCP1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UCP1 Gene

Mitochondrion inner membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for UCP1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for UCP1 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 2
nucleus 2
peroxisome 2
plasma membrane 2
extracellular 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for UCP1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA 9054939
GO:0005740 mitochondrial envelope --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with UCP1: view

Pathways for UCP1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with UCP1: view

PCR Array Products

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for UCP1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
GO:0006839 mitochondrial transport IEA --
GO:0015992 proton transport TAS --
GO:0022904 respiratory electron transport chain TAS --
GO:0044237 cellular metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with UCP1: view

Compounds for UCP1 Gene

(62) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for UCP1 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
pgc1 73.4 2
fatty acid 67.9 48
atp 63.5 48
hydrogen 57.5 49
gdp 57.2 13
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with UCP1: view

Transcripts for UCP1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for UCP1 Gene

(6) Additional mRNA sequences :
(4) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for UCP1 Gene

Uncoupling protein 1 (mitochondrial, proton carrier):
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for UCP1

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for UCP1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6

Relevant External Links for UCP1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for UCP1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for UCP1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for UCP1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipose - Visceral (Omentum) (16.0), Breast - Mammary Tissue (6.6), and Heart - Atrial Appendage (4.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for UCP1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal (64.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for UCP1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for UCP1 Gene Hs.249211

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for UCP1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Brown adipose tissue.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with UCP1: view

Expression partners for UCP1 Gene

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for UCP1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for UCP1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia UCP1 35
  • 84.7 (n)
  • 83.28 (a)
UCP1 36
  • 82 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia UCP1 35
  • 80.62 (n)
  • 76.74 (a)
UCP1 36
  • 76 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ucp1 35
  • 79.98 (n)
  • 79.87 (a)
Ucp1 16
Ucp1 36
  • 79 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia UCP1 35
  • 96.83 (n)
  • 96.34 (a)
UCP1 36
  • 98 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ucp1 35
  • 79.54 (n)
  • 79.87 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia UCP1 36
  • 65 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia UCP1 36
  • 64 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ucp1 36
  • 61 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Dic1 36
  • 28 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes DIC1 36
  • 29 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.10779 36
  • 32 (a)
Species with no ortholog for UCP1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for UCP1 Gene

Gene Tree for UCP1 (if available)
Gene Tree for UCP1 (if available)

Paralogs for UCP1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for UCP1 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with UCP1: view

Variants for UCP1 Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for UCP1 Gene

The Thr-64 polymorphism is associated with an increased waist-to-hip ratio. The Leu-229 polymorphism is associated with susceptibility to type II diabetes mellitus

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for UCP1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs726989 -- 140,560,607(+) TTGAC(A/G)ATTCT intron-variant
rs1430583 -- 140,565,830(-) TGGTG(A/G)CTATA intron-variant
rs1494808 -- 140,562,581(+) AGTAA(A/C)CTGTT intron-variant
rs1800660 -- 140,569,225(-) GAGGC(A/C)CGTGC upstream-variant-2KB
rs1800661 -- 140,568,833(-) AAATC(A/G)GGTTT upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-5-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for UCP1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv880165 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv830088 CNV Gain 17160897

Relevant External Links for UCP1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

Disorders for UCP1 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for UCP1 Gene (113730)

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for UCP1 Gene

(21) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for UCP1 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
obesity 73.7 79
hibernoma 58.9 2
lipomatosis, multiple symmetric 52.2 1
insulin resistance 51.8 5
insulin sensitivity 48.4 5

Relevant External Links for UCP1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with UCP1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for UCP1 Gene

Publications for UCP1 Gene

  1. Human uncoupling protein gene: structure, comparison with rat gene, and assignment to the long arm of chromosome 4. (PMID: 2380264) Cassard A.M. … Ricquier D. (J. Cell. Biochem. 1990) 2 3 4 23
  2. Synergistic effect of polymorphisms of uncoupling protein 1 and beta3-adrenergic receptor genes on autonomic nervous system activity. (PMID: 11439286) Shihara N. … Tsuda K. (Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 2001) 3 23 48
  3. Sudden infant death: no evidence for linkage to common polymorphisms in the uncoupling protein-1 and the beta3-adrenergic receptor genes. (PMID: 12029453) Fatemi A. … Strobl W. (Eur. J. Pediatr. 2002) 3 23 48
  4. Polymorphisms in candidate obesity genes and their interaction with dietary intake of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids affect obesity risk in a sub-sample of the EPIC-Heidelberg cohort. (PMID: 12395215) Nieters A. … Linseisen J. (Eur J Nutr 2002) 3 23 48
  5. [Influence of the polymorphism 03826 A --> G in the UCP1 gene on the components of metabolic syndrome]. (PMID: 12951617) Forga L.l. … MartA-nez A. (An Sist Sanit Navar 2003) 3 23 48

Products for UCP1 Gene

Sources for UCP1 Gene

Back to Top