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Aliases for TPBG Gene

Aliases for TPBG Gene

  • Trophoblast Glycoprotein 2 3 5
  • 5T4 Oncofetal Trophoblast Glycoprotein 3 4
  • Wnt-Activated Inhibitory Factor 1 3 4
  • 5T4 Oncotrophoblast Glycoprotein 3 4
  • 5T4 Oncofetal Antigen 3 4
  • WAIF1 3 4
  • M6P1 3 4
  • 5T4 3 4
  • 5T4AG 3

External Ids for TPBG Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TPBG Gene

  • GC06P083027
  • GC06P083069
  • GC06P083130
  • GC06P080300
  • GC06P083072

Summaries for TPBG Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TPBG Gene

  • This gene encodes a leucine-rich transmembrane glycoprotein that may be involved in cell adhesion. The encoded protein is an oncofetal antigen that is specific to trophoblast cells. In adults this protein is highly expressed in many tumor cells and is associated with poor clinical outcome in numerous cancers. Alternate splicing in the 5' UTR results in multiple transcript variants that encode the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]

GeneCards Summary for TPBG Gene

TPBG (Trophoblast Glycoprotein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TPBG include Vaccinia. An important paralog of this gene is TPBGL.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TPBG Gene

  • May function as an inhibitor of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling by indirectly interacting with LRP6 and blocking Wnt3a-dependent LRP6 internalization.

Gene Wiki entry for TPBG Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TPBG Gene

Genomics for TPBG Gene

Regulatory Elements for TPBG Gene

Enhancers for TPBG Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around TPBG on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for TPBG Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around TPBG on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for TPBG Gene

82,363,206 bp from pter
82,370,828 bp from pter
7,623 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TPBG Gene

Genes around TPBG on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TPBG Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TPBG Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TPBG Gene

Proteins for TPBG Gene

  • Protein details for TPBG Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Trophoblast glycoprotein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K555

    Protein attributes for TPBG Gene

    420 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    46032 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Antigen 5T4 is overexpressed by a wide spectrum of cancers, including colorectal, ovarian and gastric, but with a limited normal tissue expression. Could be used for tumor immunotherapy.
    • Reduction of TPBG levels by siRNA significantly enhanced the beta-catenin/TCF transcription-based reporter pBAR activation in response to Wnt stimulation.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TPBG Gene

neXtProt entry for TPBG Gene

Proteomics data for TPBG Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TPBG Gene

Other Protein References for TPBG Gene

Antibody Products

  • Santa Cruz Biotechnology (SCBT) Antibodies for TPBG

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TPBG Gene

Domains & Families for TPBG Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TPBG Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The C-terminus of LRR N-terminal cap (LRRNT) and LRR 1 are essential for the inhibition of the Wnt signaling pathway.
  • Contains 7 LRR (leucine-rich) repeats.
  • The C-terminus of LRR N-terminal cap (LRRNT) and LRR 1 are essential for the inhibition of the Wnt signaling pathway.
  • Contains 1 LRRCT domain.
  • Contains 1 LRRNT domain.
  • Contains 7 LRR (leucine-rich) repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TPBG: view

No data available for Gene Families for TPBG Gene

Function for TPBG Gene

Molecular function for TPBG Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
trophoblast glycoprotein
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May function as an inhibitor of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling by indirectly interacting with LRP6 and blocking Wnt3a-dependent LRP6 internalization.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TPBG: view

Animal Models for TPBG Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TPBG:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for TPBG

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TPBG Gene

Localization for TPBG Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TPBG Gene

Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for TPBG Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TPBG gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
endoplasmic reticulum 3
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
cytoskeleton 1
cytosol 1
extracellular 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TPBG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005783 endoplasmic reticulum IEA --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 10366710
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TPBG: view

Pathways & Interactions for TPBG Gene

SuperPathways for TPBG Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TPBG Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for TPBG Gene

Drugs & Compounds for TPBG Gene

(1) Additional Compounds for TPBG Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TPBG: view

Transcripts for TPBG Gene

Unigene Clusters for TPBG Gene

Trophoblast glycoprotein:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TPBG Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c · 5d
SP1: - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: -

Relevant External Links for TPBG Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TPBG Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TPBG Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TPBG Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus - Muscularis (x6.5) and Esophagus - Gastroesophageal Junction (x4.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TPBG Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Nasal epithelium (49.6) and Bone (8.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for TPBG Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TPBG Gene Hs.82128

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for TPBG Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed by all types of trophoblasts as early as 9 weeks of development. Specific for trophoblastic cells except for amniotic epithelium. In adult tissues, the expression is limited to a few epithelial cell types but is found on a variety of carcinoma.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TPBG: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for TPBG Gene

Orthologs for TPBG Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for TPBG Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TPBG 35
  • 87.22 (n)
  • 86.9 (a)
  • 86 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TPBG 35
  • 87.14 (n)
  • 87.86 (a)
  • 86 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tpbg 35
  • 82.86 (n)
  • 82.62 (a)
Tpbg 16
Tpbg 36
  • 81 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TPBG 35
  • 99.68 (n)
  • 99.52 (a)
  • 97 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tpbg 35
  • 82.78 (n)
  • 81.67 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TPBG 36
  • 66 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TPBG 36
  • 94 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TPBG 35
  • 69.14 (n)
  • 68.38 (a)
  • 64 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TPBG 36
  • 94 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.220 35
tpbg 35
  • 55.87 (n)
  • 52.11 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.5548 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tpbgb 35
  • 52.7 (n)
  • 49.26 (a)
tpbgb 36
  • 43 (a)
Species with no ortholog for TPBG:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TPBG Gene

Gene Tree for TPBG (if available)
Gene Tree for TPBG (if available)

Paralogs for TPBG Gene

Paralogs for TPBG Gene Pseudogenes for TPBG Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TPBG: view

Variants for TPBG Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TPBG Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs11751029 -- 82,367,455(+) ACTTA(G/T)ATTTT downstream-variant-500B
rs62431321 -- 82,365,751(+) GCCTC(A/C)ACCTG reference, missense
rs700494 -- 82,366,197(-) AGGTT(C/T)GTTAA reference, synonymous-codon
rs700495 -- 82,367,074(-) ATTTC(A/G)AAACG downstream-variant-500B, utr-variant-3-prime
rs72904350 -- 82,366,385(+) TCTCG(A/G)TGTGT utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TPBG Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv7937 CNV Loss 18304495

Variation tolerance for TPBG Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 35.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.94; 36.06% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for TPBG Gene

Disorders for TPBG Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for TPBG Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TPBG in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for TPBG

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TPBG: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for TPBG Gene

Publications for TPBG Gene

  1. Isolation of a cDNA encoding 5T4 oncofetal trophoblast glycoprotein: an antigen associated with metastasis contains leucine rich repeats. (PMID: 8132670) Myers K.A. … Stern P.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 1994) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Identification and functional validation of MHC class I epitopes in the tumor-associated antigen 5T4. (PMID: 18567615) Shingler W.H. … Harrop R. (Int. Immunol. 2008) 3 23
  3. An MVA-based vaccine targeting the oncofetal antigen 5T4 in patients undergoing surgical resection of colorectal cancer liver metastases. (PMID: 18833005) Elkord E. … Stern P.L. (J. Immunother. 2008) 3 23
  4. Cell surface 5T4 antigen is transiently upregulated during early human embryonic stem cell differentiation: effect of 5T4 phenotype on neural lineage formation. (PMID: 16616918) Ward C.M. … Stern P.L. (Exp. Cell Res. 2006) 3 23
  5. CD8 T-cell recognition of human 5T4 oncofetal antigen. (PMID: 16646078) Smyth L.J. … Stern P.L. (Int. J. Cancer 2006) 3 23

Products for TPBG Gene

Sources for TPBG Gene