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Aliases for TGFB2 Gene

Aliases for TGFB2 Gene

  • Transforming Growth Factor Beta 2 2 3 5
  • Glioblastoma-Derived T-Cell Suppressor Factor 3 4
  • Prepro-Transforming Growth Factor Beta-2 2 3
  • Transforming Growth Factor, Beta 2 2 3
  • BSC-1 Cell Growth Inhibitor 3 4
  • Polyergin 3 4
  • Cetermin 3 4
  • G-TSF 3 4
  • TGF-Beta-2 4
  • TGF-Beta2 3
  • LDS4 3

External Ids for TGFB2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TGFB2 Gene

  • GC01P217194
  • GC01P214364
  • GC01P215122
  • GC01P215576
  • GC01P214908
  • GC01P216586
  • GC01P218519
  • GC01P189187

Summaries for TGFB2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for TGFB2 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) family of cytokines, which are multifunctional peptides that regulate proliferation, differentiation, adhesion, migration, and other functions in many cell types by transducing their signal through combinations of transmembrane type I and type II receptors (TGFBR1 and TGFBR2) and their downstream effectors, the SMAD proteins. Disruption of the TGFB/SMAD pathway has been implicated in a variety of human cancers. The encoded protein is secreted and has suppressive effects of interleukin-2 dependent T-cell growth. Translocation t(1;7)(q41;p21) between this gene and HDAC9 is associated with Peters' anomaly, a congenital defect of the anterior chamber of the eye. The knockout mice lacking this gene show perinatal mortality and a wide range of developmental, including cardiac, defects. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2010]

GeneCards Summary for TGFB2 Gene

TGFB2 (Transforming Growth Factor Beta 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TGFB2 include Loeys-Dietz Syndrome 4 and Peters Anomaly. Among its related pathways are HTLV-I infection and p70S6K Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is INHBB.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TGFB2 Gene

  • TGF-beta 2 has suppressive effects on interleukin-2 dependent T-cell growth.

Gene Wiki entry for TGFB2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for TGFB2 Gene

Genomics for TGFB2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for TGFB2 Gene

Enhancers for TGFB2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around TGFB2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for TGFB2 Gene

218,345,334 bp from pter
218,444,619 bp from pter
99,286 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for TGFB2 Gene

Genes around TGFB2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
TGFB2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for TGFB2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for TGFB2 Gene

Proteins for TGFB2 Gene

  • Protein details for TGFB2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Transforming growth factor beta-2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DKC5
    • P08112
    • Q15579
    • Q15581
    • Q4VAV9

    Protein attributes for TGFB2 Gene

    414 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    47748 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer; disulfide-linked (By similarity). Heterodimers with TGFB1 and with TGFB3 have been found in bone (By similarity). Interacts with the serine proteases, HTRA1 and HTRA3 (By similarity). Latency-associated peptide interacts with NREP; the interaction results in a decrease in TGFB2 autoinduction (By similarity). Interacts with ASPN. Interacts with MFAP5 (By similarity).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for TGFB2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for TGFB2 Gene


neXtProt entry for TGFB2 Gene

Proteomics data for TGFB2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for TGFB2 Gene

  • The precursor is cleaved into mature TGF-beta-2 and LAP, which remains non-covalently linked to mature TGF-beta-2 rendering it inactive.
  • Glycosylation at Asn 72, Asn 140, and Asn 241
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for TGFB2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for TGFB2 (TGFB2)

Assay Products

  • Cloud-Clone Corp Assay Kits for TGFB2

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for TGFB2 Gene

Domains & Families for TGFB2 Gene

Gene Families for TGFB2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for TGFB2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
  • Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with TGFB2: view

Function for TGFB2 Gene

Molecular function for TGFB2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
transforming growth factor,beta 2,152.6kDa,homodimerizing,expressed by fibroblast,platelet,monocyte,chondrocyte,osteoblasts,including the latency associated peptide (LAP),inhibitor of epithelial cell growth and inductor of extracellular matrix formation
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
TGF-beta 2 has suppressive effects on interleukin-2 dependent T-cell growth.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for TGFB2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005160 transforming growth factor beta receptor binding IDA 10092230
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TGFB2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with TGFB2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for TGFB2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for TGFB2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for TGFB2:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for TGFB2 Gene

Localization for TGFB2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TGFB2 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for TGFB2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for TGFB2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 3
cytoskeleton 2
endosome 2
plasma membrane 2
cytosol 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for TGFB2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for TGFB2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with TGFB2: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for TGFB2 Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for TGFB2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001501 skeletal system development IEA --
GO:0001502 cartilage condensation IEA --
GO:0001525 angiogenesis TAS 9611771
GO:0001568 blood vessel development IEA --
GO:0001654 eye development IDA 15944186
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with TGFB2: view

Drugs & Compounds for TGFB2 Gene

(41) Drugs for TGFB2 Gene - From: DGIdb and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Belagenpumatucel-L Pharma Vaccine Vaccines 0
Trabedersen Pharma 3

(36) Additional Compounds for TGFB2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with TGFB2: view

Transcripts for TGFB2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for TGFB2 Gene

Transforming growth factor, beta 2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for TGFB2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3: - - -

Relevant External Links for TGFB2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for TGFB2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for TGFB2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for TGFB2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Minor Salivary Gland (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for TGFB2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Amniocyte (32.9), Ovary (11.6), Bone (9.5), and Breast (6.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for TGFB2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for TGFB2 Gene Hs.133379

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with TGFB2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for TGFB2 Gene

Orthologs for TGFB2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for TGFB2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia TGFB2 35
  • 93.88 (n)
  • 98.31 (a)
TGFB2 36
  • 98 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia TGFB2 35
  • 94.72 (n)
  • 99.32 (a)
  • 99 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Tgfb2 35
  • 89.21 (n)
  • 95.65 (a)
Tgfb2 16
Tgfb2 36
  • 96 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia TGFB2 35
  • 99.85 (n)
  • 100 (a)
TGFB2 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Tgfb2 35
  • 89.06 (n)
  • 95.02 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia TGFB2 36
  • 95 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia TGFB2 36
  • 79 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves TGFB2 35
  • 85.19 (n)
  • 90.29 (a)
TGFB2 36
  • 90 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia TGFB2 36
  • 81 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia tgfb2 35
  • 76.8 (n)
  • 87.35 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia tgfb2-A 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii tgfb2 35
  • 71.61 (n)
  • 79.56 (a)
tgfb2 36
  • 79 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta daw 36
  • 15 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 38 (a)
Species with no ortholog for TGFB2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for TGFB2 Gene

Gene Tree for TGFB2 (if available)
Gene Tree for TGFB2 (if available)

Paralogs for TGFB2 Gene

Paralogs for TGFB2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for TGFB2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with TGFB2: view

Variants for TGFB2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for TGFB2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_012708 -
rs10482810 - 218,434,190(+) ATGCT(C/G)TTCAT reference, missense
VAR_068932 Loeys-Dietz syndrome 4 (LDS4)
VAR_068933 Loeys-Dietz syndrome 4 (LDS4)
VAR_068934 Loeys-Dietz syndrome 4 (LDS4)

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for TGFB2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv873192 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv832603 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv873193 CNV Gain 21882294
esv2723040 CNV Deletion 23290073

Variation tolerance for TGFB2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 19.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.72; 15.35% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for TGFB2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TGFB2 Gene

Disorders for TGFB2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(41) MalaCards diseases for TGFB2 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
loeys-dietz syndrome 4
  • loeys-dietz syndrome, type 4
peters anomaly
  • peters-plus syndrome
tgfb2-related loeys-dietz syndrome
  • loeys-dietz syndrome type 4
breast cyst
  • cyst of breast
macular holes
  • macular hole
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search TGFB2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Loeys-Dietz syndrome 4 (LDS4) [MIM:614816]: An aortic aneurysm syndrome with widespread systemic involvement. LDS4 is characterized by arterial tortuosity, aortic dissection, intracranial aneurysm and subarachnoid hemorrhage, hypertelorism, bifid uvula, pectus deformity, bicuspid aortic valve, arachnodactyly, scoliosis, foot deformities, dural ectasia, joint hyperflexibility, and thin skin with easy bruising and striae. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22772368}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Note=A chromosomal aberration involving TGFB2 is found in a family with Peters anomaly. Translocation t(1;7)(q41;p21) with HDAC9. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12706107}.
  • Note=Defects in TGFB2 may be a cause of non-syndromic aortic disease (NSAD). NSAD is a frequently asymptomatic but potentially lethal disease characterized by thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections without additional syndromic features. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:25046559}.

Relevant External Links for TGFB2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with TGFB2: view

No data available for Genatlas for TGFB2 Gene

Publications for TGFB2 Gene

  1. Sclera-related gene polymorphisms in high myopia. (PMID: 19710942) Lin H.J. … Tsai F.J. (Mol. Vis. 2009) 3 23 48 67
  2. Hydrogen peroxide-induced cellular apoptosis is mediated by TGF-beta2 signaling pathway in cultured human lens epithelial cells. (PMID: 19444386) Cao X. … Bao Y. (Int Ophthalmol 2010) 3 23
  3. Bone morphogenetic protein 4 inhibits TGF-beta2 stimulation of extracellular matrix proteins in optic nerve head cells: role of gremlin in ECM modulation. (PMID: 19031438) Zode G.S. … Wordinger R.J. (Glia 2009) 3 23
  4. Opposite regulation of transforming growth factors-beta2 and -beta3 expression in the human endometrium. (PMID: 18039789) Gaide Chevronnay H.P. … Marbaix E. (Endocrinology 2008) 3 23
  5. TGFbeta2 and TbetaRII are valid molecular biomarkers for the antiproliferative effects of tamoxifen and tamoxifen metabolites in breast cancer cells. (PMID: 18043895) Buck M.B. … Knabbe C. (Breast Cancer Res. Treat. 2008) 3 23

Products for TGFB2 Gene

Sources for TGFB2 Gene