Aliases for TFPI Gene
External Ids for TFPI Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for TFPI Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for TFPI Gene
This gene encodes a protease inhibitor that regulates the tissue factor (TF)-dependent pathway of blood coagulation. The coagulation process initiates with the formation of a factor VIIa-TF complex, which proteolytically activates additional proteases (factors IX and X) and ultimately leads to the formation of a fibrin clot. The product of this gene inhibits the activated factor X and VIIa-TF proteases in an autoregulatory loop. The encoded protein is glycosylated and predominantly found in the vascular endothelium and plasma in both free forms and complexed with plasma lipoproteins. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, but the full-length nature of some of these variants has not been confirmed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for TFPI Gene
TFPI (Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with TFPI include disseminated intravascular coagulation and crescentic glomerulonephritis. Among its related pathways are Complement and coagulation cascades and Formation of Fibrin Clot (Clotting Cascade). GO annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity and peptidase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is AMBP.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for TFPI Gene
Inhibits factor X (X(a)) directly and, in a Xa-dependent way, inhibits VIIa/tissue factor activity, presumably by forming a quaternary Xa/LACI/VIIa/TF complex. It possesses an antithrombotic action and also the ability to associate with lipoproteins in plasma.