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Aliases for SLC22A1 Gene

Aliases for SLC22A1 Gene

  • Solute Carrier Family 22 (Organic Cation Transporter), Member 1 2 3
  • OCT1 3 4 6
  • Organic Cation Transporter 1 3 4
  • HOCT1 3 4
  • Solute Carrier Family 22 Member 1 3
  • Oct1_cds 3

External Ids for SLC22A1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC22A1 Gene

  • GC06P159982
  • GC06P160416
  • GC06P160452
  • GC06P160513
  • GC06P160462
  • GC06P158013
  • GC06P160542

Summaries for SLC22A1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SLC22A1 Gene

  • Polyspecific organic cation transporters in the liver, kidney, intestine, and other organs are critical for elimination of many endogenous small organic cations as well as a wide array of drugs and environmental toxins. This gene is one of three similar cation transporter genes located in a cluster on chromosome 6. The encoded protein contains twelve putative transmembrane domains and is a plasma integral membrane protein. Two transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene, but only the longer variant encodes a functional transporter. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for SLC22A1 Gene

SLC22A1 (Solute Carrier Family 22 (Organic Cation Transporter), Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and quaternary ammonium group transmembrane transporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC22A12.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC22A1 Gene

  • Translocates a broad array of organic cations with various structures and molecular weights including the model compounds 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP), tetraethylammonium (TEA), N-1-methylnicotinamide (NMN), 4-(4-(dimethylamino)styryl)-N-methylpyridinium (ASP), the endogenous compounds choline, guanidine, histamine, epinephrine, adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine, and the drugs quinine, and metformin. The transport of organic cations is inhibited by a broad array of compounds like tetramethylammonium (TMA), cocaine, lidocaine, NMDA receptor antagonists, atropine, prazosin, cimetidine, TEA and NMN, guanidine, cimetidine, choline, procainamide, quinine, tetrabutylammonium, and tetrapentylammonium. Translocates organic cations in an electrogenic and pH-independent manner. Translocates organic cations across the plasma membrane in both directions. Transports the polyamines spermine and spermidine. Transports pramipexole across the basolateral membrane of the proximal tubular epithelial cells. The choline transport is activated by MMTS. Regulated by various intracellular signaling pathways including inhibition by protein kinase A activation, and endogenously activation by the calmodulin complex, the calmodulin-dependent kinase II and LCK tyrosine kinase.

Gene Wiki entry for SLC22A1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SLC22A1 Gene

Genomics for SLC22A1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SLC22A1 Gene

Genomic Location for SLC22A1 Gene

Start:
160,121,789 bp from pter
End:
160,159,111 bp from pter
Size:
37,323 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for SLC22A1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for SLC22A1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SLC22A1 Gene

Proteins for SLC22A1 Gene

  • Protein details for SLC22A1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O15245-S22A1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Solute carrier family 22 member 1
    Protein Accession:
    O15245
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NFF3
    • A8K1H2
    • C9JSU6
    • O15395
    • Q9NQD4

    Protein attributes for SLC22A1 Gene

    Size:
    554 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    61154 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for SLC22A1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for SLC22A1 Gene

Proteomics data for SLC22A1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SLC22A1 Gene

Other Protein References for SLC22A1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SLC22A1 Gene

Domains for SLC22A1 Gene

Gene Families for SLC22A1 Gene

Protein Domains for SLC22A1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SLC22A1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O15245

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

S22A1_HUMAN :
  • O15245
Family:
  • Belongs to the major facilitator (TC 2.A.1) superfamily. Organic cation transporter (TC 2.A.1.19) family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SLC22A1: view

Function for SLC22A1 Gene

Molecular function for SLC22A1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: solute carrier family 22,member A1,polyspecific transporter for organic cations,mainly expressed in liver
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties: Kinetic parameters: KM=1.47 mM for metformin {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16272756, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9187257, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9655880}; KM=229 uM for TEA {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16272756, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9187257, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9655880}; KM=14.6 uM for MPP {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16272756, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9187257, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9655880}; Vmax=396 pmol/min/mg enzyme for metformin uptake {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16272756, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9187257, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9655880}; Vmax=2.89 nmol/min/mg enzyme for TEA uptake {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16272756, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9187257, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9655880};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Translocates a broad array of organic cations with various structures and molecular weights including the model compounds 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP), tetraethylammonium (TEA), N-1-methylnicotinamide (NMN), 4-(4-(dimethylamino)styryl)-N-methylpyridinium (ASP), the endogenous compounds choline, guanidine, histamine, epinephrine, adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine, and the drugs quinine, and metformin. The transport of organic cations is inhibited by a broad array of compounds like tetramethylammonium (TMA), cocaine, lidocaine, NMDA receptor antagonists, atropine, prazosin, cimetidine, TEA and NMN, guanidine, cimetidine, choline, procainamide, quinine, tetrabutylammonium, and tetrapentylammonium. Translocates organic cations in an electrogenic and pH-independent manner. Translocates organic cations across the plasma membrane in both directions. Transports the polyamines spermine and spermidine. Transports pramipexole across the basolateral membrane of the proximal tubular epithelial cells. The choline transport is activated by MMTS. Regulated by various intracellular signaling pathways including inhibition by protein kinase A activation, and endogenously activation by the calmodulin complex, the calmodulin-dependent kinase II and LCK tyrosine kinase.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction: In the liver activated by HNF4A and suppressed by bile acids via NR0B2. Increased by cholesterol treatment in hepatocyte cells.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SLC22A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005277 acetylcholine transmembrane transporter activity IEA --
GO:0005329 dopamine transmembrane transporter activity IEA --
GO:0005333 norepinephrine transmembrane transporter activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 11543633
GO:0008504 monoamine transmembrane transporter activity --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC22A1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SLC22A1: view

Animal Models for SLC22A1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SLC22A1:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for SLC22A1

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for SLC22A1 Gene

Localization for SLC22A1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC22A1 Gene

Basolateral cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for SLC22A1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SLC22A1 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SLC22A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 9187257
GO:0016020 membrane TAS 9187257
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane --
GO:0016323 basolateral plasma membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC22A1: view

Pathways for SLC22A1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SLC22A1: view

PCR Array Products

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SLC22A1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006812 cation transport --
GO:0006836 neurotransmitter transport IEA --
GO:0006855 drug transmembrane transport TAS --
GO:0010248 establishment or maintenance of transmembrane electrochemical gradient IEA --
GO:0015695 organic cation transport TAS 9187257
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC22A1: view

Compounds for SLC22A1 Gene

(3) HMDB Compounds for SLC22A1 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Choline
  • (2-Hydroxyethyl)trimethyl ammonium
62-49-7
Spermidine
  • 1,5,10-Triazadecane
124-20-9
Spermine
  • 1,5,10,14-Tetraazatetradecane
71-44-3

(68) Drugbank Compounds for SLC22A1 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
Acebutolol
  • Acebutolol HCL
37517-30-9 transporter inhibitor
Acepromazine
  • 10-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)phenothiazin-3-yl methyl ketone
61-00-7 transporter inhibitor
Acetylcholine
51-84-3 transporter substrate
Acyclovir
  • 9-Hyroxyethoxymethylguanine
59277-89-3 transporter inhibitor
Agmatine
306-60-5 transporter substrate

(35) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for SLC22A1 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
moxa 86.5 1
1 methyl 4 phenylpyridinium 84.1 10
metformin 71 38
tetraethylammonium 70.5 5
imatinib 68.1 44

(5) PharmGKB related drug/compound annotations for SLC22A1 Gene

Drug/compound Annotation
metformin CA
morphine CA
sulfamethoxazole
tramadol CA
trimethoprim
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SLC22A1: view

Transcripts for SLC22A1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SLC22A1 Gene

Solute carrier family 22 (organic cation transporter), member 1:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for SLC22A1

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SLC22A1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for SLC22A1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
SLC22A1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
SLC22A1

Expression for SLC22A1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SLC22A1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SLC22A1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (50.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for SLC22A1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SLC22A1 Gene Hs.117367

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SLC22A1 Gene

O15245-S22A1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Widely expressed with high level in liver. Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are expressed in liver. Isoform 1, isoform 2, isoform 3 and isoform 4 are expressed in glial cell lines.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with SLC22A1: view

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for SLC22A1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SLC22A1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SLC22A1 35
  • 95.37 (n)
  • 93.86 (a)
SLC22A1 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SLC22A1 35
  • 82.26 (n)
  • 80.55 (a)
SLC22A1 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SLC22A1 35
  • 82.87 (n)
  • 80.04 (a)
SLC22A1 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Slc22a1 35
  • 80.57 (n)
  • 77.98 (a)
Slc22a1 16
Slc22a1 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SLC22A1 36
  • 65 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SLC22A1 36
  • 68 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Slc22a1 35
  • 80.57 (n)
  • 78.16 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 36
  • 63 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 64 (a)
ManyToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 63 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 61 (a)
ManyToMany
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii slc22a2 36
  • 47 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG4630 36
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
CG7442 36
  • 28 (a)
ManyToMany
CG7458 36
  • 27 (a)
ManyToMany
CG3790 37
  • 30 (a)
CG8654 37
  • 33 (a)
CG7458 37
  • 27 (a)
CG13610 37
  • 31 (a)
CG7084 37
  • 26 (a)
CG4630 37
  • 32 (a)
CG6126 37
  • 29 (a)
CG9317 37
  • 30 (a)
CG7442 37
  • 28 (a)
CG6231 37
  • 27 (a)
Orct 37
  • 34 (a)
CG6600 37
  • 31 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F52F12.1a 37
  • 29 (a)
K05F1.6 37
  • 26 (a)
oct-1 37
  • 29 (a)
Y82E9BR.16 37
  • 26 (a)
ZK455.8a 37
  • 26 (a)
B0252.3 37
  • 29 (a)
ZK455.8b 37
  • 26 (a)
Species with no ortholog for SLC22A1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SLC22A1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for SLC22A1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for SLC22A1 (if available)

Paralogs for SLC22A1 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for SLC22A1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SLC22A1: view

Variants for SLC22A1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SLC22A1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs366048 -- 160,133,693(-) AAACC(A/G)AGGCC intron-variant
rs366049 -- 160,133,692(-) AACCA(A/G)GGCCC intron-variant
rs373584 -- 160,126,430(+) CTCTG(C/G)TGCTA intron-variant
rs382652 -- 160,125,797(+) CCACT(C/G)GGGGG intron-variant
rs391054 -- 160,126,513(+) CTCTG(C/G)TGCTA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SLC22A1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2024e1 CNV Complex 17122850
esv35098 CNV Gain 17911159
nsv818463 CNV Gain 17921354
esv23905 CNV Loss 19812545
esv2733046 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2733047 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2733048 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv1157586 CNV Deletion 17803354
esv2733049 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv886807 CNV Loss 21882294
esv33283 CNV Gain 17666407

Relevant External Links for SLC22A1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
SLC22A1
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SLC22A1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC22A1 Gene

Disorders for SLC22A1 Gene

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for SLC22A1 Gene

(4) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for SLC22A1 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
myeloid leukemia chronic 55.2 7
glioma 21.6 1
breast cancer 0 3
tumors 0 3

Relevant External Links for SLC22A1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
SLC22A1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
SLC22A1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SLC22A1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC22A1 Gene

Publications for SLC22A1 Gene

  1. Seven novel single nucleotide polymorphisms in the human SLC22A1 gene encoding organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1). (PMID: 15499200) Itoda M. … Sawada J. (Drug Metab. Pharmacokinet. 2004) 3 4 23 48
  2. Cloning and functional expression of a human liver organic cation transporter. (PMID: 9187257) Zhang L. … Giacomini K.M. (Mol. Pharmacol. 1997) 3 4 23 25
  3. The effects of genetic polymorphisms in the organic cation transporters OCT1, OCT2, and OCT3 on the renal clearance of metformin. (PMID: 19536068) Tzvetkov M.V. … BrockmAPller J. (Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. 2009) 3 23 25 48
  4. Novel single nucleotide polymorphisms of organic cation transporter 1 (SLC22A1) affecting transport functions. (PMID: 14697261) Sakata T. … Endou H. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2004) 3 4 23
  5. Identification of genetic variations of the human organic cation transporter hOCT1 and their functional consequences. (PMID: 12439218) Kerb R. … Koepsell H. (Pharmacogenetics 2002) 3 4 23

Products for SLC22A1 Gene

Sources for SLC22A1 Gene

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