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Aliases for SLC6A6 Gene

Aliases for SLC6A6 Gene

  • Solute Carrier Family 6 Member 6 2 3 4
  • Solute Carrier Family 6 (Neurotransmitter Transporter, Taurine), Member 6 2 3
  • Solute Carrier Family 6 (Neurotransmitter Transporter), Member 6 2 5
  • Taurine Transporter 2
  • TAUT 3

External Ids for SLC6A6 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC6A6 Gene

  • GC03P014373
  • GC03P014419
  • GC03P014444
  • GC03P014380

Summaries for SLC6A6 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SLC6A6 Gene

  • This gene encodes a multi-pass membrane protein that is a member of a family of sodium and chloride-ion dependent transporters. The encoded protein transports taurine and beta-alanine. There is a pseudogene for this gene on chromosome 21. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]

GeneCards Summary for SLC6A6 Gene

SLC6A6 (Solute Carrier Family 6 Member 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLC6A6 include Cerebral Creatine Deficiency Syndrome 2 and Cerebral Creatine Deficiency Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. GO annotations related to this gene include neurotransmitter:sodium symporter activity and taurine transmembrane transporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC6A4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC6A6 Gene

  • Sodium-dependent taurine and beta-alanine transporter. Chloride ions are necessary for optimal uptake.

Gene Wiki entry for SLC6A6 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SLC6A6 Gene

Genomics for SLC6A6 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SLC6A6 Gene

Enhancers for SLC6A6 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around SLC6A6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for SLC6A6 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around SLC6A6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for SLC6A6 Gene

14,402,576 bp from pter
14,489,349 bp from pter
86,774 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for SLC6A6 Gene

Genes around SLC6A6 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SLC6A6 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SLC6A6 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SLC6A6 Gene

Proteins for SLC6A6 Gene

  • Protein details for SLC6A6 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Sodium- and chloride-dependent taurine transporter
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RNU7
    • Q9BRI2
    • Q9BXB0

    Protein attributes for SLC6A6 Gene

    620 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    69830 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for SLC6A6 Gene


neXtProt entry for SLC6A6 Gene

Proteomics data for SLC6A6 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SLC6A6 Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SLC6A6 Gene

Domains & Families for SLC6A6 Gene

Gene Families for SLC6A6 Gene


Protein Domains for SLC6A6 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SLC6A6 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the sodium:neurotransmitter symporter (SNF) (TC 2.A.22) family. SLC6A6 subfamily.
  • Belongs to the sodium:neurotransmitter symporter (SNF) (TC 2.A.22) family. SLC6A6 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SLC6A6: view

Function for SLC6A6 Gene

Molecular function for SLC6A6 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
solute carrier family 6,member A6,neurotansmitter transporter,taurine
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Sodium-dependent taurine and beta-alanine transporter. Chloride ions are necessary for optimal uptake.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SLC6A6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0015171 amino acid transmembrane transporter activity TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC6A6: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SLC6A6: view

Animal Models for SLC6A6 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SLC6A6:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for SLC6A6

CRISPR Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SLC6A6 Gene

Localization for SLC6A6 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC6A6 Gene

Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for SLC6A6 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SLC6A6 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 2
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SLC6A6 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for SLC6A6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SLC6A6: view

Interacting Proteins for SLC6A6 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SLC6A6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006810 transport TAS 8010975
GO:0015734 taurine transport IBA --
GO:0055085 transmembrane transport TAS --
GO:1903825 organic acid transmembrane transport IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC6A6: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for SLC6A6 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for SLC6A6 Gene

(9) Drugs for SLC6A6 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
beta-Alanine Experimental Pharma Full agonist, Agonist Endogenous glycine agonist, more selective than taurine (Cat. No. 0209) 0
Taurine Experimental Nutra Non-selective, endogenous glycine receptor partial agonist 26

(5) Additional Compounds for SLC6A6 Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Sodium
  • Sodium ion
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SLC6A6: view

Transcripts for SLC6A6 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SLC6A6 Gene

Solute carrier family 6 (neurotransmitter transporter, taurine), member 6:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SLC6A6 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17
SP1: - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: -
SP4: - - -

Relevant External Links for SLC6A6 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SLC6A6 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SLC6A6 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SLC6A6 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x13.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SLC6A6 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Nasal epithelium (58.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MOPED, and MaxQB for SLC6A6 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SLC6A6 Gene Hs.529488

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SLC6A6 Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed abundantly in placenta and skeletal muscle, at intermediate levels in heart, brain, lung, kidney and pancreas and at low levels in liver.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SLC6A6: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for SLC6A6 Gene

Primer Products

Orthologs for SLC6A6 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SLC6A6 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SLC6A6 35
  • 88.6 (n)
  • 90.32 (a)
SLC6A6 36
  • 90 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SLC6A6 35
  • 91.18 (n)
  • 94.68 (a)
SLC6A6 36
  • 95 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Slc6a6 35
  • 90.16 (n)
  • 93.39 (a)
Slc6a6 16
Slc6a6 36
  • 93 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SLC6A6 35
  • 99.35 (n)
  • 99.68 (a)
SLC6A6 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Slc6a6 35
  • 90.27 (n)
  • 93.87 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SLC6A6 36
  • 77 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SLC6A6 36
  • 81 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SLC6A6 35
  • 81.22 (n)
  • 85.62 (a)
SLC6A6 36
  • 81 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SLC6A6 36
  • 79 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia slc6a6 35
  • 77.65 (n)
  • 82.63 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii slc6a6b 35
  • 75.43 (n)
  • 79.19 (a)
slc6a6a 36
  • 78 (a)
slc6a6b 36
  • 84 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG10804 37
  • 36 (a)
CG1698 37
  • 38 (a)
CG1732 37
  • 54 (a)
ine 37
  • 42 (a)
CG1732 36
  • 47 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea snf-1 37
  • 23 (a)
snf-11 37
  • 48 (a)
snf-12 37
  • 32 (a)
snf-3 37
  • 40 (a)
snf-5 37
  • 30 (a)
snf-8 37
  • 24 (a)
snf-11 36
  • 47 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 62 (a)
Species with no ortholog for SLC6A6:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SLC6A6 Gene

Gene Tree for SLC6A6 (if available)
Gene Tree for SLC6A6 (if available)

Paralogs for SLC6A6 Gene Pseudogenes for SLC6A6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SLC6A6: view

Variants for SLC6A6 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SLC6A6 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1042350 - 14,443,685(+) GACAT(C/G)CTGAA nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime
rs1042351 - 14,443,686(+) ACATC(C/G)TGAAG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime
VAR_011769 -
rs745185 -- 14,416,773(-) ACGGC(A/G/T)GACTT intron-variant
rs748098 -- 14,429,403(+) TGGCT(A/G)TTGGG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SLC6A6 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv876550 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2724945 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv834619 CNV Gain+Loss 17160897
esv2724957 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2724958 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv3712 CNV Insertion 18451855
nsv876571 CNV Loss 21882294

Variation tolerance for SLC6A6 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 26% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.77; 33.52% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for SLC6A6 Gene

Disorders for SLC6A6 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for SLC6A6 Gene - From: DISEASES and Novoseek

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
cerebral creatine deficiency syndrome 2
  • guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency
cerebral creatine deficiency syndrome
  • cerebral creatine deficiency syndromes
wilms tumor susceptibility-5
  • wilms tumor
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Relevant External Links for SLC6A6

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SLC6A6: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for SLC6A6 Gene

Publications for SLC6A6 Gene

  1. Functional characterization and chromosomal localization of a cloned taurine transporter from human placenta. (PMID: 8010975) Ramamoorthy S. … Ganapathy V. (Biochem. J. 1994) 2 3 4 67
  2. Taurine uptake across the human intestinal brush-border membrane is via two transporters: H+-coupled PAT1 (SLC36A1) and Na+- and Cl(-)-dependent TauT (SLC6A6). (PMID: 19074966) Anderson C.M. … Thwaites D.T. (J. Physiol. (Lond.) 2009) 3 23
  3. Functional TauT protects against acute kidney injury. (PMID: 19423693) Han X. … Chesney R.W. (J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 2009) 3 23
  4. Oxidative stress and dysregulation of the taurine transporter in high-glucose-exposed human Schwann cells: implications for pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy. (PMID: 19602579) Askwith T. … Stevens M.J. (Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. 2009) 3 23
  5. Taurine transporter in fetal T lymphocytes and platelets: differential expression and functional activity. (PMID: 16956961) Iruloh C.G. … Glazier J.D. (Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. 2007) 3 23

Products for SLC6A6 Gene

Sources for SLC6A6 Gene