Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for SLC2A4 Gene

Aliases for SLC2A4 Gene

  • Solute Carrier Family 2 Member 4 2 3 5
  • Solute Carrier Family 2 (Facilitated Glucose Transporter), Member 4 2 3
  • Glucose Transporter Type 4, Insulin-Responsive 3 4
  • GLUT-4 3 4
  • GLUT4 3 4
  • Solute Carrier Family 2, Facilitated Glucose Transporter Member 4 3
  • Insulin-Responsive Glucose Transporter Type 4 3

External Ids for SLC2A4 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for SLC2A4 Gene

  • GLUT4

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC2A4 Gene

  • GC17P007543
  • GC17P007914
  • GC17P007127
  • GC17P007385
  • GC17P007125
  • GC17P007186
  • GC17P007076

Summaries for SLC2A4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for SLC2A4 Gene

  • This gene is a member of the solute carrier family 2 (facilitated glucose transporter) family and encodes a protein that functions as an insulin-regulated facilitative glucose transporter. In the absence of insulin, this integral membrane protein is sequestered within the cells of muscle and adipose tissue. Within minutes of insulin stimulation, the protein moves to the cell surface and begins to transport glucose across the cell membrane. Mutations in this gene have been associated with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for SLC2A4 Gene

SLC2A4 (Solute Carrier Family 2 Member 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLC2A4 include Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent and Glucose Intolerance. Among its related pathways are Sweet Taste Signaling and IL-2 Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include transmembrane transporter activity and glucose transmembrane transporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC2A1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC2A4 Gene

  • Insulin-regulated facilitative glucose transporter.

Gene Wiki entry for SLC2A4 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SLC2A4 Gene

Genomics for SLC2A4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SLC2A4 Gene

Enhancers for SLC2A4 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH17F007167 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 10.3 -109.9 -109917 8.0 ZNF133 NFXL1 YBX1 GLI4 RAD21 YY1 ZNF354C ZNF207 KLF7 ZNF548 DVL2 SNORD10 CNTROB SNORA48 MIR324 MIR6883 CYB5D1 SLC16A11 KCTD11 ACADVL
GH17F007328 1.5 FANTOM5 ENCODE 7.3 +48.1 48057 3.1 MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF416 ZNF263 MCM3 SP3 DVL2 PFAS CTC1 SNORD10 CNTROB SNORA48 ACAP1 NEURL4 KIAA0753 MIR6883
GH17F007279 1.1 ENCODE 9.8 -0.3 -330 4.3 HDGF MLX ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF207 YBX2 ELP5 SNORD10 DVL2 PFAS SNORA48 CTC1 MIR6883 ENSG00000262089 SLC2A4
GH17F007380 0.8 ENCODE 10.8 +99.5 99505 1.4 ELF3 TBP DRAP1 KLF1 SAP130 TAF1 ARID4B TEAD3 ZBTB48 POLR2A CHRNB1 TMEM95 KCTD11 NLGN2 TMEM256 TMEM256-PLSCR3 SPEM1 C17orf74 ACAP1 ENSG00000224647
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around SLC2A4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for SLC2A4 Gene

7,281,667 bp from pter
7,288,257 bp from pter
6,591 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for SLC2A4 Gene

Genes around SLC2A4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
SLC2A4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for SLC2A4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SLC2A4 Gene

Proteins for SLC2A4 Gene

  • Protein details for SLC2A4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Solute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 4
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q05BQ3
    • Q14CX2

    Protein attributes for SLC2A4 Gene

    509 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    54787 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with NDUFA9 (By similarity). Binds to DAXX. Interacts via its N-terminus with SRFBP1.
    • Insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of TBC1D4 is required for GLUT4 translocation.

    Alternative splice isoforms for SLC2A4 Gene


neXtProt entry for SLC2A4 Gene

Post-translational modifications for SLC2A4 Gene

Other Protein References for SLC2A4 Gene

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for SLC2A4 (GLUT4)
  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Antibodies for SLC2A4
  • Santa Cruz Biotechnology (SCBT) Antibodies for SLC2A4

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SLC2A4 Gene

Domains & Families for SLC2A4 Gene

Gene Families for SLC2A4 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SLC2A4 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the major facilitator superfamily. Sugar transporter (TC 2.A.1.1) family. Glucose transporter subfamily.
  • Belongs to the major facilitator superfamily. Sugar transporter (TC 2.A.1.1) family. Glucose transporter subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SLC2A4: view

Function for SLC2A4 Gene

Molecular function for SLC2A4 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
solute carrier family 2,member A4,facilitated glucose transporter,associated to susceptibility to NIDDM with a polymorphic variant
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Insulin-regulated facilitative glucose transporter.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SLC2A4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005355 glucose transmembrane transporter activity EXP,IEA 2656669
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 19478182
GO:0022857 transmembrane transporter activity IEA --
GO:0022891 substrate-specific transmembrane transporter activity IEA --
GO:0055056 D-glucose transmembrane transporter activity TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC2A4: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SLC2A4: view

Animal Models for SLC2A4 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SLC2A4:

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for SLC2A4 Gene

Localization for SLC2A4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC2A4 Gene

Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Endomembrane system; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Note=Localizes primarily to the perinuclear region, undergoing continued recycling to the plasma membrane where it is rapidly reinternalized. The dileucine internalization motif is critical for intracellular sequestration.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SLC2A4 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
endosome 4
extracellular 3
cytosol 3
golgi apparatus 3
cytoskeleton 2
mitochondrion 2
peroxisome 2
nucleus 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SLC2A4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005768 endosome IEA --
GO:0005771 multivesicular body IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IEA,TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC2A4: view

Pathways & Interactions for SLC2A4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SLC2A4: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for SLC2A4 Gene

Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SLC2A4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process TAS 2649253
GO:0006810 transport IEA --
GO:0008643 carbohydrate transport IEA --
GO:0010021 amylopectin biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0015758 glucose transport TAS 12556481
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC2A4: view

Drugs & Compounds for SLC2A4 Gene

(64) Drugs for SLC2A4 Gene - From: DGIdb, IUPHAR, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
[<sup>3</sup>H]2-deoxyglucose Pharma 0
Glufosfamide Pharma inhibitor 0

(46) Additional Compounds for SLC2A4 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SLC2A4: view

Transcripts for SLC2A4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SLC2A4 Gene

Solute carrier family 2 (facilitated glucose transporter), member 4:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SLC2A4 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for SLC2A4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SLC2A4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for SLC2A4 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SLC2A4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x13.5), Heart - Left Ventricle (x5.9), Esophagus - Muscularis (x5.3), and Esophagus - Gastroesophageal Junction (x5.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for SLC2A4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (32.0), Urinary Bladder (16.6), and Adipocyte (10.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for SLC2A4 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of SLC2A4 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SLC2A4 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SLC2A4 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Skeletal and cardiac muscles; brown and white fat.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with SLC2A4: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for SLC2A4 Gene

Orthologs for SLC2A4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for SLC2A4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SLC2A4 34 35
  • 99.61 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SLC2A4 35
  • 91 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SLC2A4 34 35
  • 90.18 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SLC2A4 34 35
  • 89.39 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Slc2a4 34 16 35
  • 87.88 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Slc2a4 34
  • 87.88 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia SLC2A4 35
  • 85 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia SLC2A4 35
  • 72 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii CABZ01043017.1 35
  • 42 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Glut1 36 35
  • 51 (a)
sut1 36
  • 36 (a)
CG7882 36
  • 34 (a)
sut2 36
  • 33 (a)
sut4 36
  • 33 (a)
sut3 36
  • 31 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea H17B01.1a 36
  • 39 (a)
H17B01.1b 36
  • 39 (a)
R09B5.11 36 35
  • 36 (a)
fgt-1 35
  • 36 (a)
F53H8.3 35
  • 27 (a)
Y37A1A.3 36
  • 26 (a)
K08F9.1 36
  • 24 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes -- 35
  • 27 (a)
VPS73 35
  • 26 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.7972 35
  • 45 (a)
Species where no ortholog for SLC2A4 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SLC2A4 Gene

Gene Tree for SLC2A4 (if available)
Gene Tree for SLC2A4 (if available)

Paralogs for SLC2A4 Gene

(10) SIMAP similar genes for SLC2A4 Gene using alignment to 5 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SLC2A4: view

Variants for SLC2A4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SLC2A4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs121434581 Diabetes mellitus, non-insulin-dependent (NIDDM) [MIM:125853], Uncertain significance 7,285,729(+) GCTAC(A/C/G)TCTCC reference, missense
rs111229834 -- 7,282,054(+) GGGGT(A/G)GTTCC intron-variant
rs111660151 -- 7,279,801(+) CAACC(C/T)CCACC upstream-variant-2KB
rs112476696 -- 7,281,771(+) TCTCC(A/G)GGTCC utr-variant-5-prime
rs112694369 -- 7,286,747(+) TCCCT(A/G)CAGCC utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SLC2A4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv952118 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv574322 CNV loss 21841781
nsv457659 CNV loss 19166990
nsv1963 CNV deletion 18451855
esv3639864 CNV loss 21293372
esv3639863 CNV loss 21293372
esv2665200 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2422288 CNV deletion 17116639

Variation tolerance for SLC2A4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 14.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 6.60; 78.14% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for SLC2A4 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC2A4 Gene

Disorders for SLC2A4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(12) MalaCards diseases for SLC2A4 Gene - From: Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
diabetes mellitus, noninsulin-dependent
  • diabetes mellitus, noninsulin-dependent, 2
glucose intolerance
  • fatty stool
gestational diabetes
  • gdm
glucose metabolism disease
  • disorder of glucose metabolism
acquired metabolic disease
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Diabetes mellitus, non-insulin-dependent (NIDDM) [MIM:125853]: A multifactorial disorder of glucose homeostasis caused by a lack of sensitivity to the bodys own insulin. Affected individuals usually have an obese body habitus and manifestations of a metabolic syndrome characterized by diabetes, insulin resistance, hypertension and hypertriglyceridemia. The disease results in long-term complications that affect the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and blood vessels. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:1521731, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1756912, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1918382}. Note=The disease may be caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for SLC2A4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SLC2A4: view

No data available for Genatlas for SLC2A4 Gene

Publications for SLC2A4 Gene

  1. Role of SGK1 kinase in regulating glucose transport via glucose transporter GLUT4. (PMID: 17382906) Jeyaraj S. … Palmada M. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2007) 3 4 22 64
  2. Molecular scanning of insulin-responsive glucose transporter (GLUT4) gene in NIDDM subjects. (PMID: 1756912) Choi W.H. … Moller D.E. (Diabetes 1991) 3 4 46 64
  3. Analysis of the gene sequences of the insulin receptor and the insulin-sensitive glucose transporter (GLUT-4) in patients with common-type non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. (PMID: 1918382) Kusari J. … Olefsky J.M. (J. Clin. Invest. 1991) 3 4 22 64
  4. Genetic susceptibility to distinct bladder cancer subphenotypes. (PMID: 19692168) Guey L.T. … Malats N. (Eur. Urol. 2010) 3 46 64
  5. Diabetes and obesity during pregnancy alter insulin signalling and glucose transporter expression in maternal skeletal muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue. (PMID: 19955252) Colomiere M. … Lappas M. (J. Mol. Endocrinol. 2010) 3 22 64

Products for SLC2A4 Gene

Sources for SLC2A4 Gene

Loading form....