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Aliases for SLC1A6 Gene

Aliases for SLC1A6 Gene

  • Solute Carrier Family 1 (High Affinity Aspartate/Glutamate Transporter), Member 6 2 3
  • Sodium-Dependent Glutamate/Aspartate Transporter 3 4
  • Solute Carrier Family 1 Member 6 3 4
  • EAAT4 3 4
  • Excitatory Amino Acid Transporter 4 3

External Ids for SLC1A6 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for SLC1A6 Gene

  • GC19M015440
  • GC19M014906
  • GC19M015060
  • GC19M014628

Summaries for SLC1A6 Gene

GeneCards Summary for SLC1A6 Gene

SLC1A6 (Solute Carrier Family 1 (High Affinity Aspartate/Glutamate Transporter), Member 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with SLC1A6 include early myoclonic encephalopathy and traumatic brain injury. Among its related pathways are Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds and Transmission across Chemical Synapses. GO annotations related to this gene include L-glutamate transmembrane transporter activity and L-aspartate transmembrane transporter activity. An important paralog of this gene is SLC1A3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC1A6 Gene

  • Transports L-glutamate and also L- and D-aspartate. Seems to act as a symport by cotransporting sodium

Tocris Summary for SLC1A6 Gene

  • Glutamate transporters, also known as excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs), are sodium- and potassium-dependent members of the solute carrier family 6 (SLC1) found widely distributed throughout the brain. There are five EAAT subtypes, each with a specific primary distribution; EAAT1 (cerebellar glia), EAAT2 (forebrain glia), EAAT3 (cortical neurons), EAAT4 (cerebellar Purkinje neurons) and EAAT5 (retina). Functions of glutamate transporters include regulation of excitatory neurotransmission, maintenance of low ambient extracellular glutamate concentrations (protects against neurotoxicity) and providing glutamate for metabolism through the glutamate-glutamine cycle. Overactivity of glutamate transporters has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and other mental illnesses, whilst underactivity is seen in ischemia and traumatic brain injury.

Gene Wiki entry for SLC1A6 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for SLC1A6 Gene

Genomics for SLC1A6 Gene

Regulatory Elements for SLC1A6 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for SLC1A6 Gene

14,950,033 bp from pter
15,022,990 bp from pter
72,958 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for SLC1A6 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for SLC1A6 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for SLC1A6 Gene

Proteins for SLC1A6 Gene

  • Protein details for SLC1A6 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Excitatory amino acid transporter 4
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q8N753

    Protein attributes for SLC1A6 Gene

    564 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    61565 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for SLC1A6 Gene


neXtProt entry for SLC1A6 Gene

Proteomics data for SLC1A6 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for SLC1A6 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for SLC1A6 Gene

Domains for SLC1A6 Gene

Gene Families for SLC1A6 Gene

Protein Domains for SLC1A6 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for SLC1A6 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • P48664
  • Belongs to the sodium:dicarboxylate (SDF) symporter (TC 2.A.23) family. SLC1A6 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with SLC1A6: view

Function for SLC1A6 Gene

Molecular function for SLC1A6 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
solute carrier family 1,member 6 (high affinity aspartate/glutamate transport)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Transports L-glutamate and also L- and D-aspartate. Seems to act as a symport by cotransporting sodium

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for SLC1A6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005313 L-glutamate transmembrane transporter activity IEA --
GO:0015183 L-aspartate transmembrane transporter activity TAS 7791878
GO:0017153 sodium:dicarboxylate symporter activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC1A6: view

Phenotypes for SLC1A6 Gene

MGI mutant phenotypes for SLC1A6:
inferred from 1 alleles
GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for SLC1A6:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with SLC1A6: view

Animal Models for SLC1A6 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for SLC1A6:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for SLC1A6 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target SLC1A6

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for SLC1A6

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for SLC1A6 Gene

Localization for SLC1A6 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC1A6 Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for SLC1A6 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for SLC1A6 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 4
extracellular 2
golgi apparatus 2
cytoskeleton 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for SLC1A6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IEA --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 7791878
GO:0016020 membrane TAS 7791878
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC1A6: view

Pathways for SLC1A6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with SLC1A6: view

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

Interacting Proteins for SLC1A6 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for SLC1A6 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006811 ion transport TAS --
GO:0006835 dicarboxylic acid transport --
GO:0007268 synaptic transmission TAS --
GO:0007269 neurotransmitter secretion TAS --
GO:0014047 glutamate secretion TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with SLC1A6: view

Compounds for SLC1A6 Gene

(5) Tocris Compounds for SLC1A6 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
7-Chlorokynurenic acid sodium salt Potent competitive inhibitor of L-glutamate uptake. Sodium salt of 7-Chlorokynurenic acid (Cat. No. 0237) [1263094-00-3]
Dihydrokainic acid EAAT2 (GLT-1)-selective non-transportable inhibitor of L-glutamate and L-aspartate uptake [52497-36-6]
DL-TBOA Selective non-transportable inhibitor of EAATs [205309-81-5]
L-trans-2,4-PDC Transportable EAAT1-4 inhibitor/non-transportable EAAT5 inhibitor [64769-66-0]
TFB-TBOA High affinity EAAT1 and EAAT2 blocker [480439-73-4]

(1) HMDB Compounds for SLC1A6 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
  • Sodium

(1) Drugbank Compounds for SLC1A6 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
L-Glutamic Acid
  • (2S)-2-Aminopentanedioic acid
56-86-0 target

(5) IUPHAR Ligand for SLC1A6 Gene

Ligand Type Action Affinity Pubmed IDs
[3H]ETB-TBOA None None 7.8
DL-TBOA Inhibitor Inhibition 6.9
threo-3-methylglutamate Inhibitor Inhibition 4.7
[3H]L-aspartic acid None None
[3H]D-aspartic acid None None

(3) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for SLC1A6 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
glutamate 70.7 34
chloride 44.2 2
aspartate 36.7 4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with SLC1A6: view

Transcripts for SLC1A6 Gene

Unigene Clusters for SLC1A6 Gene

Solute carrier family 1 (high affinity aspartate/glutamate transporter), member 6:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for SLC1A6

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for SLC1A6 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13
SP1: -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: - - -

Relevant External Links for SLC1A6 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for SLC1A6 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for SLC1A6 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for SLC1A6 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cerebellum (16.6), Brain - Cerebellar Hemisphere (8.0), and Testis (4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for SLC1A6 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain (48.0), Lung (12.4), and Fetal Brain (8.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for SLC1A6 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for SLC1A6 Gene Hs.515217

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for SLC1A6 Gene

Tissue specificity: Brain. Expressed densely and selectively in cell bodies of Purkinje cells
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with SLC1A6: view

Expression partners for SLC1A6 Gene

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for SLC1A6 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for SLC1A6 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia SLC1A6 35
  • 90.72 (n)
  • 96.28 (a)
SLC1A6 36
  • 80 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia SLC1A6 35
  • 90.84 (n)
  • 96.63 (a)
SLC1A6 36
  • 97 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Slc1a6 35
  • 88 (n)
  • 95.54 (a)
Slc1a6 16
Slc1a6 36
  • 96 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Slc1a6 35
  • 87.34 (n)
  • 95.01 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia SLC1A6 36
  • 86 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 65 (a)
-- 36
  • 71 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SLC1A6 36
  • 100 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves SLC1A6 35
  • 73.72 (n)
  • 76.75 (a)
SLC1A6 36
  • 71 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100494506 35
  • 66.67 (n)
  • 71.91 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii slc1a6 35
  • 65.51 (n)
  • 66.85 (a)
slc1a6 36
  • 65 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Eaat1 37
  • 45 (a)
Eaat2 37
  • 41 (a)
Eaat1 35
  • 54.5 (n)
  • 48.96 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP009443 35
  • 56.63 (n)
  • 48.28 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea glt-2 37
  • 49 (a)
K08F4.4 37
  • 44 (a)
R05G6.6 37
  • 39 (a)
T22E5.2 37
  • 46 (a)
W03G1.1 37
  • 35 (a)
Y53C12A.2 37
  • 45 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.7013 35
Species with no ortholog for SLC1A6:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for SLC1A6 Gene

Gene Tree for SLC1A6 (if available)
Gene Tree for SLC1A6 (if available)

Paralogs for SLC1A6 Gene

Paralogs for SLC1A6 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with SLC1A6: view

Variants for SLC1A6 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for SLC1A6 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1089 -- 15,006,026(+) CTCAC(A/G)TGAGG intron-variant
rs735622 -- 14,992,972(+) ATTAA(A/G)GGAGA intron-variant
rs739961 -- 14,974,498(-) TAGAC(A/G)GATGG intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs739962 -- 14,974,520(-) TACAC(A/G)TGAGG intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs739963 -- 14,974,728(-) aaaac(A/G)tataa intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for SLC1A6 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv911129 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv510756 CNV Loss 20534489
nsv2424 CNV Loss 18451855

Relevant External Links for SLC1A6 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for SLC1A6 Gene

Disorders for SLC1A6 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database.

Search for SLC1A6 Gene in MalaCards »

(5) Diseases for SLC1A6 Gene including...

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for SLC1A6 Gene

Relevant External Links for SLC1A6

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with SLC1A6: view

No data available for OMIM , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Novoseek inferred disease relationships and Genatlas for SLC1A6 Gene

Publications for SLC1A6 Gene

  1. Association study of polymorphisms in the glutamate transporter genes SLC1A1, SLC1A3, and SLC1A6 with schizophrenia. (PMID: 17221839) Deng X. … Fukumaki Y. (Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet. 2007) 3 23 48
  2. An excitatory amino-acid transporter with properties of a ligand- gated chloride channel. (PMID: 7791878) Fairman W.A. … Amara S.G. (Nature 1995) 2 3 4
  3. The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19. (PMID: 15057824) Grimwood J. … Lucas S.M. (Nature 2004) 3 4
  4. EAAT4 phosphorylation at the SGK1 consensus site is required for transport modulation by the kinase. (PMID: 17442044) Rajamanickam J. … Boehmer C. (J. Neurochem. 2007) 3 23
  5. Identification of new putative susceptibility genes for several psychiatric disorders by association analysis of regulatory and non-synonymous SNPs of 306 genes involved in neurotransmission and neurodevelopment. (PMID: 19086053) GratacA^s M. … Carracedo A. (Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet. 2009) 3 48

Products for SLC1A6 Gene

Sources for SLC1A6 Gene

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