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Aliases for CCL21 Gene

Aliases for CCL21 Gene

  • C-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 21 2 3 5
  • Small Inducible Cytokine Subfamily A (Cys-Cys), Member 21 2 3
  • Efficient Chemoattractant For Lymphocytes 2 3
  • Secondary Lymphoid Tissue Chemokine 2 3
  • Chemokine (C-C Motif) Ligand 21 2 3
  • Beta Chemokine Exodus-2 2 3
  • SCYA21 3 4
  • 6Ckine 3 4
  • SLC 3 4
  • Secondary Lymphoid-Tissue Chemokine 4
  • Small-Inducible Cytokine A21 4
  • Beta-Chemokine Exodus-2 4
  • C-C Motif Chemokine 21 3
  • CKb9 3
  • TCA4 3
  • ECL 3

External Ids for CCL21 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for CCL21 Gene

  • SCYA21

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for CCL21 Gene

  • GC09M035021
  • GC09M034878
  • GC09M034699
  • GC09M034663

Summaries for CCL21 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for CCL21 Gene

  • This antimicrobial gene is one of several CC cytokine genes clustered on the p-arm of chromosome 9. Cytokines are a family of secreted proteins involved in immunoregulatory and inflammatory processes. The CC cytokines are proteins characterized by two adjacent cysteines. Similar to other chemokines the protein encoded by this gene inhibits hemopoiesis and stimulates chemotaxis. This protein is chemotactic in vitro for thymocytes and activated T cells, but not for B cells, macrophages, or neutrophils. The cytokine encoded by this gene may also play a role in mediating homing of lymphocytes to secondary lymphoid organs. It is a high affinity functional ligand for chemokine receptor 7 that is expressed on T and B lymphocytes and a known receptor for another member of the cytokine family (small inducible cytokine A19). [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2014]

GeneCards Summary for CCL21 Gene

CCL21 (C-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 21) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CCL21 include Posterolateral Myocardial Infarction and Thymic Hyperplasia. Among its related pathways are Akt Signaling and PEDF Induced Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include chemokine activity and CCR7 chemokine receptor binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CCL21 Gene

  • Inhibits hemopoiesis and stimulates chemotaxis. Chemotactic in vitro for thymocytes and activated T-cells, but not for B-cells, macrophages, or neutrophils. Shows preferential activity towards naive T-cells. May play a role in mediating homing of lymphocytes to secondary lymphoid organs. Binds to atypical chemokine receptor ACKR4 and mediates the recruitment of beta-arrestin (ARRB1/2) to ACKR4.

Gene Wiki entry for CCL21 Gene

Additional gene information for CCL21 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for CCL21 Gene

Genomics for CCL21 Gene

Regulatory Elements for CCL21 Gene

Enhancers for CCL21 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH09H034675 0.8 ENCODE 11.5 +34.9 34919 0 ELF3 CTCF RB1 ARID4B MAX RAD21 RFX5 SLC30A9 SMC3 ZNF143 ENSG00000230074 IL11RA GALT CCL21 ARID3C PIR49106 LOC730098
GH09H034743 0.5 ENCODE 11.6 -35.1 -35065 2 PKNOX1 JUND FOS CCL21 CCL19 PHF24 FAM205A
GH09H034700 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 0.4 +8.2 8248 1 ARID4B ZNF76 KLF17 ZNF2 ZBTB7B RAD21 YY1 ELK1 EGR1 ZNF366 TPM2 CCDC107 ARHGEF39 RPP25L DNAJB5 CCL21 CCL19
GH09H034714 0.2 ENCODE 0.7 -4.0 -4032 0 CCL21 FAM205A
GH09H034709 0.2 ENCODE 0.7 +0.1 68 0 FAM205BP IL11RA GALT RPP25L FAM205A CCL21 CCL19
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around CCL21 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for CCL21 Gene

Chromosome:
9
Start:
34,709,005 bp from pter
End:
34,710,167 bp from pter
Size:
1,163 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for CCL21 Gene

Genes around CCL21 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
CCL21 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for CCL21 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for CCL21 Gene

Proteins for CCL21 Gene

  • Protein details for CCL21 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O00585-CCL21_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    C-C motif chemokine 21
    Protein Accession:
    O00585

    Protein attributes for CCL21 Gene

    Size:
    134 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    14646 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer. Binds to CCR7.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for CCL21 Gene

neXtProt entry for CCL21 Gene

Post-translational modifications for CCL21 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for CCL21 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

Protein Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for CCL21 Gene

Domains & Families for CCL21 Gene

Gene Families for CCL21 Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for CCL21 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for CCL21 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O00585

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

CCL21_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with CCL21: view

Function for CCL21 Gene

Molecular function for CCL21 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Inhibits hemopoiesis and stimulates chemotaxis. Chemotactic in vitro for thymocytes and activated T-cells, but not for B-cells, macrophages, or neutrophils. Shows preferential activity towards naive T-cells. May play a role in mediating homing of lymphocytes to secondary lymphoid organs. Binds to atypical chemokine receptor ACKR4 and mediates the recruitment of beta-arrestin (ARRB1/2) to ACKR4.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for CCL21 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for CCL21 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005125 cytokine activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 14978162
GO:0008009 chemokine activity IDA,IEA 15778365
GO:0031732 CCR7 chemokine receptor binding ISS,IEA --
GO:0042379 chemokine receptor binding IDA 23341447
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CCL21: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with CCL21: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for CCL21
  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for CCL21
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for CCL21 Gene

Localization for CCL21 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CCL21 Gene

Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for CCL21 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 2
cytoskeleton 1
nucleus 1
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for CCL21 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS,IEA --
GO:0005578 proteinaceous extracellular matrix IDA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IBA --
GO:0005623 cell IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CCL21: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for CCL21 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for CCL21 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with CCL21: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for CCL21 Gene

Activates:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for CCL21 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001768 establishment of T cell polarity IDA 12729902
GO:0001771 immunological synapse formation ISS --
GO:0001954 positive regulation of cell-matrix adhesion IDA 15569314
GO:0002407 dendritic cell chemotaxis IDA 15778365
GO:0002548 monocyte chemotaxis IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with CCL21: view

Drugs & Compounds for CCL21 Gene

(3) Drugs for CCL21 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(6) Additional Compounds for CCL21 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with CCL21: view

Transcripts for CCL21 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for CCL21 Gene

Unigene Clusters for CCL21 Gene

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 21:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for CCL21
  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for CCL21
  • Vectors and viruses for ORF, Lenti, Retro, Adenovirus, AAV, and more

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for CCL21 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b
SP1:
SP2:

Relevant External Links for CCL21 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
CCL21
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
CCL21

Expression for CCL21 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for CCL21 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for CCL21 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x11.1) and Thyroid (x7.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for CCL21 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Esophagus (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for CCL21 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for CCL21 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of CCL21 Gene:

CCL21

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for CCL21 Gene:

Hs.57907

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for CCL21 Gene:

O00585-CCL21_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in high endothelial venules of lymph nodes, spleen and appendix. Intermediate levels found in small intestine, thyroid gland and trachea. Low level expression in thymus, bone marrow, liver, and pancreas. Also found in tonsil, fetal heart and fetal spleen.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for CCL21 Gene

  • Spleen(4.8)
  • Pancreas(4.3)
  • Lymph node(4.2)
  • Intestine(3.8)
  • Lung(2.8)
  • Skin(2.7)
  • Blood(2.6)
  • Liver(2.6)
  • Heart(2.5)
  • Muscle(2.3)
  • Stomach(2.3)
  • Thyroid gland(2.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with CCL21: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for CCL21 Gene

Orthologs for CCL21 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for CCL21 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CCL21 33 34
  • 100 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CCL21 33
  • 87.22 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia CCL21 33 34
  • 83.97 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia LOC100041593 33
  • 79.95 (n)
Gm21541 16 34
  • 71 (a)
Ccl21a 34
  • 71 (a)
OneToMany
CCL21A 34
  • 71 (a)
OneToMany
Ccl21b 34
  • 71 (a)
OneToMany
Ccl21c 34 34 34
  • 71 (a)
OneToMany
Gm10591 34
  • 71 (a)
OneToMany
Gm13304 34
  • 71 (a)
OneToMany
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ccl21 33
  • 79.17 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia CCL21 34
  • 56 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia CCL21 34
  • 38 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for CCL21 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for CCL21 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for CCL21 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for CCL21 (if available)

Paralogs for CCL21 Gene

(20) SIMAP similar genes for CCL21 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with CCL21: view

No data available for Paralogs for CCL21 Gene

Variants for CCL21 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for CCL21 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1001446520 -- 34,711,975(+) TTTCT(C/T)CCGTT upstream-variant-2KB
rs1003452910 -- 34,709,330(+) ATCTT(C/G)GGTTC utr-variant-3-prime
rs1003737207 -- 34,711,306(+) CGGTG(-/GC)ACAAT upstream-variant-2KB
rs1004077102 -- 34,712,014(+) AATGA(A/G)CTTCC upstream-variant-2KB
rs1004112650 -- 34,710,921(+) CTGGT(C/T)TGTAG upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for CCL21 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3620335 CNV gain 21293372
nsv1125318 OTHER inversion 24896259
nsv509301 CNV insertion 20534489
nsv614157 CNV loss 21841781
nsv831544 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for CCL21 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 50.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.14; 3.12% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for CCL21 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
CCL21

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CCL21 Gene

Disorders for CCL21 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for CCL21 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
posterolateral myocardial infarction
thymic hyperplasia
  • hyperplasia of thymus gland
skin carcinoma in situ
  • carcinoma in situ of skin
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search CCL21 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for CCL21

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
CCL21
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
CCL21
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
CCL21
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with CCL21: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for CCL21 Gene

Publications for CCL21 Gene

  1. Molecular cloning of a novel human CC chemokine secondary lymphoid-tissue chemokine that is a potent chemoattractant for lymphocytes and mapped to chromosome 9p13. (PMID: 9235955) Nagira M … Yoshie O (The Journal of biological chemistry 1997) 2 3 4 22 60
  2. Secondary lymphoid-tissue chemokine is a functional ligand for the CC chemokine receptor CCR7. (PMID: 9507024) Yoshida R … Yoshie O (The Journal of biological chemistry 1998) 3 4 22 60
  3. A chemokine expressed in lymphoid high endothelial venules promotes the adhesion and chemotaxis of naive T lymphocytes. (PMID: 9419363) Gunn MD … Williams LT (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1998) 3 4 22 60
  4. β-Arrestin recruitment and G protein signaling by the atypical human chemokine decoy receptor CCX-CKR. (PMID: 23341447) Watts AO … Vischer HF (The Journal of biological chemistry 2013) 3 4 60
  5. Solution structure of CCL21 and identification of a putative CCR7 binding site. (PMID: 22221265) Love M … Veldkamp CT (Biochemistry 2012) 3 4 60

Products for CCL21 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for CCL21

Sources for CCL21 Gene

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