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Aliases for REL Gene

Aliases for REL Gene

  • V-Rel Avian Reticuloendotheliosis Viral Oncogene Homolog 2 3
  • Oncogene REL, Avian Reticuloendotheliosis 3
  • C-Rel 3

External Ids for REL Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for REL Gene

  • GC02P061237
  • GC02P061067
  • GC02P061083
  • GC02P061020
  • GC02P061108
  • GC02P060851

Summaries for REL Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for REL Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the Rel homology domain/immunoglobulin-like fold, plexin, transcription factor (RHD/IPT) family. Members of this family regulate genes involved in apoptosis, inflammation, the immune response, and oncogenic processes. This proto-oncogene plays a role in the survival and proliferation of B lymphocytes. Mutation or amplification of this gene is associated with B-cell lymphomas, including Hodgkin's lymphoma. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in this gene are associated with susceptibility to ulcerative colitis and rheumatoid arthritis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2014]

GeneCards Summary for REL Gene

REL (V-Rel Avian Reticuloendotheliosis Viral Oncogene Homolog) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with REL include histoplasmosis and b-cell lymphomas. Among its related pathways are Immune System and Ras signaling pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding and chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is NFKB1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for REL Gene

  • Proto-oncogene that may play a role in differentiation and lymphopoiesis. NF-kappa-B is a pleiotropic transcription factor which is present in almost all cell types and is involved in many biological processed such as inflammation, immunity, differentiation, cell growth, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. NF-kappa-B is a homo- or heterodimeric complex formed by the Rel-like domain-containing proteins RELA/p65, RELB, NFKB1/p105, NFKB1/p50, REL and NFKB2/p52. The dimers bind at kappa-B sites in the DNA of their target genes and the individual dimers have distinct preferences for different kappa-B sites that they can bind with distinguishable affinity and specificity. Different dimer combinations act as transcriptional activators or repressors, respectively. NF-kappa-B is controlled by various mechanisms of post-translational modification and subcellular compartmentalization as well as by interactions with other cofactors or corepressors. NF-kappa-B complexes are held in the cytoplasm in an inactive state complexed with members of the NF-kappa-B inhibitor (I-kappa-B) family. In a conventional activation pathway, I-kappa-B is phosphorylated by I-kappa-B kinases (IKKs) in response to different activators, subsequently degraded thus liberating the active NF-kappa-B complex which translocates to the nucleus. The NF-kappa-B heterodimer RELA/p65-c-Rel is a transcriptional activator

Gene Wiki entry for REL Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for REL Gene

Genomics for REL Gene

Regulatory Elements for REL Gene

Genomic Location for REL Gene

Chromosome:
2
Start:
60,881,495 bp from pter
End:
60,931,610 bp from pter
Size:
50,116 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for REL Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
GeneLoc Logo Gene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for REL Gene

Proteins for REL Gene

  • Protein details for REL Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q04864-REL_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Proto-oncogene c-Rel
    Protein Accession:
    Q04864
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q17RU2
    • Q2PNZ7
    • Q6LDY0

    Protein attributes for REL Gene

    Size:
    619 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    68520 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the NF-kappa-B p65-c-Rel complex. Component of the NF-kappa-B p50-c-Rel complex. Component of the NF-kappa-B p52-c-Rel complex. Homodimer; component of the NF-kappa-B c-Rel-c-Rel complex (By similarity). Interacts with NKIRAS1. Interacts with NFKBIB (By similarity). Interacts with NFKBIE.

    Alternative splice isoforms for REL Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for REL Gene

Proteomics data for REL Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for REL Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for REL Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for REL (REL)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for REL Gene

Domains & Families for REL Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for REL Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q04864

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

REL_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 RHD (Rel-like) domain.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 RHD (Rel-like) domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with REL: view

No data available for Gene Families for REL Gene

Function for REL Gene

Molecular function for REL Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
avian reticuloendotheliosis viral (v-rel) oncogene homolog,involved in lymphomagenesis (diffuse large B cell lymphoma)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Proto-oncogene that may play a role in differentiation and lymphopoiesis. NF-kappa-B is a pleiotropic transcription factor which is present in almost all cell types and is involved in many biological processed such as inflammation, immunity, differentiation, cell growth, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. NF-kappa-B is a homo- or heterodimeric complex formed by the Rel-like domain-containing proteins RELA/p65, RELB, NFKB1/p105, NFKB1/p50, REL and NFKB2/p52. The dimers bind at kappa-B sites in the DNA of their target genes and the individual dimers have distinct preferences for different kappa-B sites that they can bind with distinguishable affinity and specificity. Different dimer combinations act as transcriptional activators or repressors, respectively. NF-kappa-B is controlled by various mechanisms of post-translational modification and subcellular compartmentalization as well as by interactions with other cofactors or corepressors. NF-kappa-B complexes are held in the cytoplasm in an inactive state complexed with members of the NF-kappa-B inhibitor (I-kappa-B) family. In a conventional activation pathway, I-kappa-B is phosphorylated by I-kappa-B kinases (IKKs) in response to different activators, subsequently degraded thus liberating the active NF-kappa-B complex which translocates to the nucleus. The NF-kappa-B heterodimer RELA/p65-c-Rel is a transcriptional activator

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for REL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000980 RNA polymerase II distal enhancer sequence-specific DNA binding IDA 1406630
GO:0001205 transcriptional activator activity, RNA polymerase II distal enhancer sequence-specific binding IDA 1406630
GO:0003682 chromatin binding IBA --
GO:0003700 transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding NAS 8423996
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 14743216
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with REL: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with REL: view

Animal Models for REL Gene

MGI Knock Outs for REL:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for REL Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target REL

Transcription Factor Targets for REL Gene

Selected GeneGlobe predicted Target genes for REL

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for REL

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) and HOMER Transcription for REL Gene

Localization for REL Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for REL Gene

Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for REL Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for REL gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 3
nucleus 3
extracellular 2
plasma membrane 2
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for REL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IMP 22065573
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005667 transcription factor complex IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with REL: view

Pathways & Interactions for REL Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with REL: view

PCR Array Products

SIGNOR curated interactions for REL Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for REL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IBA --
GO:0001816 cytokine production IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated --
GO:0006366 transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IDA 1406630
GO:0006954 inflammatory response IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with REL: view

Drugs & Compounds for REL Gene

(17) Drugs for REL Gene - From: NovoSeek and ApexBio

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Chloramphenicol Approved Pharma 6
Dexamethasone Approved, Investigational Pharma Agonist 1806
Nitric Oxide Approved Pharma 540
Tacrolimus Approved, Investigational Pharma 992
Zinc Approved Pharma 1404

(7) Additional Compounds for REL Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene
Anti-Fungal
Manganese superoxide
Oligonucleotide
Phorbol
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with REL: view

Transcripts for REL Gene

Unigene Clusters for REL Gene

V-rel reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog (avian):
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for REL

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for REL Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for REL Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
REL
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
REL

Expression for REL Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for REL Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for REL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for REL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (18.6) and Monocytes (11.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for REL Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for REL Gene Hs.631886

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with REL: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for REL Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for REL Gene

Orthologs for REL Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for REL Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia REL 35
  • 89.46 (n)
  • 84.96 (a)
REL 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia REL 35
  • 89.69 (n)
  • 87.11 (a)
REL 36
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Rel 35
  • 82.22 (n)
  • 76.67 (a)
Rel 16
Rel 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia REL 35
  • 99.66 (n)
  • 99.32 (a)
REL 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Rel 35
  • 78.27 (n)
  • 75.51 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia REL 36
  • 66 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia REL 36
  • 63 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves REL 35
  • 62.79 (n)
  • 57.67 (a)
REL 36
  • 53 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia REL 36
  • 49 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia rel-A 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii rel 36
  • 43 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Dif 37
  • 39 (a)
dl 37
  • 46 (a)
Rel 37
  • 37 (a)
Dif 36
  • 15 (a)
ManyToMany
dl 36
  • 16 (a)
ManyToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.770 35
Species with no ortholog for REL:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for REL Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for REL (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for REL (if available)

Paralogs for REL Gene

Paralogs for REL Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for REL Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with REL: view

Variants for REL Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for REL Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs842616 -- 60,909,363(+) TACAT(A/C)GGGGA intron-variant
rs842617 -- 60,910,887(+) agatc(A/G)caaca intron-variant
rs842618 -- 60,917,717(+) GTGTA(C/T)GTGTG intron-variant
rs842619 -- 60,919,204(+) GTGTG(A/G)TAAGA intron-variant
rs842620 -- 60,899,490(+) AAAAA(A/T)TGTTT intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for REL Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv834215 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv524802 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv874210 CNV Gain 21882294
nsv2749 CNV Insertion 18451855

Variation tolerance for REL Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 28.03% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.84; 34.60% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for REL Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
REL
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
REL

PCR Panel Products

  • Copy Number PCR Panels: for REL

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for REL Gene

Disorders for REL Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(11) MalaCards diseases for REL Gene - From: DISEASES, NovoSeek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
histoplasmosis
  • reticuloendothelial hyperplasia
b-cell lymphomas
  • b-cell lymphoma
diffuse large b-cell lymphoma
  • large b cell diffuse lymphoma
mediastinal malignant lymphoma
  • lymphoma of mediastinum
mediastinal gray zone lymphoma
  • mediastinal b-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large b-cell lymphoma and classical hodgkin lymphoma
- elite association
Search REL in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for REL

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
REL
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
REL
Tumor Gene Database (TGDB):
REL
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
REL
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with REL: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for REL Gene

Publications for REL Gene

  1. Drosophila Rel proteins are central regulators of a robust, multi-organ immune network. (PMID: 20145002) Matova N. … Anderson K.V. (J. Cell. Sci. 2010) 23 67
  2. RNAi-mediated c-Rel silencing leads to apoptosis of B cell tumor cells and suppresses antigenic immune response in vivo. (PMID: 19347041) Tian W. … Liou H.C. (PLoS ONE 2009) 23 67
  3. Peptidyl-prolyl isomerase Pin1 markedly enhances the oncogenic activity of the rel proteins in the nuclear factor-kappaB family. (PMID: 19458071) Fan G. … GAclinas C. (Cancer Res. 2009) 23 67
  4. Repression of B-cell linker (BLNK) and B-cell adaptor for phosphoinositide 3-kinase (BCAP) is important for lymphocyte transformation by rel proteins. (PMID: 18245482) Gupta N. … GAclinas C. (Cancer Res. 2008) 23 67
  5. Rearranged NF-kappa B2 gene in an adult T-cell leukemia cell line. (PMID: 18377428) Isogawa M. … Fujii M. (Cancer Sci. 2008) 23 67

Products for REL Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for REL

Sources for REL Gene

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