Aliases for ACTA2 Gene
External Ids for ACTA2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ACTA2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the actin family of proteins, which are highly conserved proteins that play a role in cell motility, structure and integrity. Alpha, beta and gamma actin isoforms have been identified, with alpha actins being a major constituent of the contractile apparatus, while beta and gamma actins are involved in the regulation of cell motility. This actin is an alpha actin that is found in skeletal muscle. Defects in this gene cause aortic aneurysm familial thoracic type 6. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2008]
GeneCards Summary for ACTA2 Gene
ACTA2 (Actin, Alpha 2, Smooth Muscle, Aorta) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ACTA2 include Multisystemic Smooth Muscle Dysfunction Syndrome and Moyamoya Disease 5. Among its related pathways are ICos-ICosL Pathway in T-Helper Cell and Reelin Pathway (Cajal-Retzius cells). GO annotations related to this gene include protein kinase binding. An important paralog of this gene is ACTC1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ACTA2 Gene
Actins are highly conserved proteins that are involved in various types of cell motility and are ubiquitously expressed in all eukaryotic cells.
Actin is a ubiquitous globular protein that is one of the most highly-conserved proteins known. It is found in two main states: G-actin is the globular monomeric form, whereas F-actin forms helical polymers. Both G- and F-actin are intrinsically flexible structures.