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Aliases for PURA Gene

Aliases for PURA Gene

  • Purine-Rich Element Binding Protein A 2 3
  • Purine-Rich Single-Stranded DNA-Binding Protein Alpha 3 4
  • PUR1 3 4
  • PUR-ALPHA 3
  • PURALPHA 3
  • MRD31 3

External Ids for PURA Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PURA Gene

  • GC05P139316
  • GC05P139476
  • GC05P139522
  • GC05P139473
  • GC05P134636

Summaries for PURA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PURA Gene

  • This gene product is a sequence-specific, single-stranded DNA-binding protein. It binds preferentially to the single strand of the purine-rich element termed PUR, which is present at origins of replication and in gene flanking regions in a variety of eukaryotes from yeasts through humans. Thus, it is implicated in the control of both DNA replication and transcription. Deletion of this gene has been associated with myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myelogenous leukemia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PURA Gene

PURA (Purine-Rich Element Binding Protein A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PURA include 5q31.3 microdeletion syndrome and mental retardation, autosomal dominant 31. Among its related pathways are Diurnally regulated genes with circadian orthologs. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and transcription factor binding. An important paralog of this gene is PURB.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PURA Gene

  • This is a probable transcription activator that specifically binds the purine-rich single strand of the PUR element located upstream of the MYC gene. May play a role in the initiation of DNA replication and in recombination

Gene Wiki entry for PURA Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PURA Gene

Genomics for PURA Gene

Regulatory Elements for PURA Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for PURA Gene

Chromosome:
5
Start:
140,107,777 bp from pter
End:
140,125,619 bp from pter
Size:
17,843 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for PURA Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
GeneLoc Logo Gene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PURA Gene

Proteins for PURA Gene

  • Protein details for PURA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q00577-PURA_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Transcriptional activator protein Pur-alpha
    Protein Accession:
    Q00577

    Protein attributes for PURA Gene

    Size:
    322 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    34911 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer, heterodimer with PURB and heterotrimer with PURB and YBX1/Y-box protein 1.

neXtProt entry for PURA Gene

Proteomics data for PURA Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PURA Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 229, Lys 239, and Lys 262
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for PURA Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PURA Gene

Domains & Families for PURA Gene

Protein Domains for PURA Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q00577

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PURA_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the PUR DNA-binding protein family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the PUR DNA-binding protein family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PURA: view

No data available for Gene Families for PURA Gene

Function for PURA Gene

Molecular function for PURA Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
single-stranded DNA binding protein A with specific affinity for a purine-rich element (GGN)n
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
This is a probable transcription activator that specifically binds the purine-rich single strand of the PUR element located upstream of the MYC gene. May play a role in the initiation of DNA replication and in recombination

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PURA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000900 translation repressor activity, nucleic acid binding IEA --
GO:0003677 DNA binding --
GO:0003690 double-stranded DNA binding --
GO:0003691 double-stranded telomeric DNA binding IDA 15777841
GO:0003697 single-stranded DNA binding ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PURA: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PURA: view

Animal Models for PURA Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PURA:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for PURA Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PURA

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for PURA

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PURA Gene

Localization for PURA Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PURA Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for PURA Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PURA gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PURA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000784 nuclear chromosome, telomeric region IC 15777841
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA 9716182
GO:0005662 DNA replication factor A complex ISS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0030425 dendrite IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PURA: view

Pathways & Interactions for PURA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PURA: view

Pathways by source for PURA Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for PURA Gene

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays
    • Telomeres & Telomerase in human,mouse,rat

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PURA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006268 DNA unwinding involved in DNA replication IDA 15777841
GO:0006270 DNA replication initiation TAS 1545807
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter TAS 9334258
GO:0007399 nervous system development IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PURA: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PURA Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PURA Gene

(1) Additional Compounds for PURA Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Oligonucleotide
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PURA: view

Transcripts for PURA Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PURA Gene

Unigene Clusters for PURA Gene

Purine-rich element binding protein A:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for PURA

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PURA Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PURA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PURA
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PURA

Expression for PURA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PURA Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PURA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain (11.5) and Retina (7.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for PURA Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PURA Gene Hs.443121

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PURA: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PURA Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PURA Gene

Orthologs for PURA Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for PURA Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PURA 35
  • 96.48 (n)
  • 99.07 (a)
PURA 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PURA 35
  • 97.83 (n)
  • 100 (a)
PURA 36
  • 59 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pura 35
  • 95.74 (n)
  • 98.72 (a)
Pura 16
Pura 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PURA 35
  • 99.9 (n)
  • 100 (a)
PURA 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pura 35
  • 95.85 (n)
  • 98.4 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PURA 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PURB 35
  • 92.51 (n)
  • 96.48 (a)
PURA 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pura 35
  • 82.91 (n)
  • 96.64 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii pura 35
  • 84.18 (n)
  • 96.61 (a)
pura 36
  • 86 (a)
OneToMany
PURA (1 of 2) 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Pur-alpha 37
  • 48 (a)
Pur-alpha 36
  • 44 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea plp-1 36
  • 35 (a)
ManyToMany
plp-2 36
  • 28 (a)
ManyToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 46 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for PURA:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PURA Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PURA (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PURA (if available)

Paralogs for PURA Gene

Paralogs for PURA Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for PURA Gene using alignment to 4 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PURA: view

Variants for PURA Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PURA Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
VAR_072699 Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 31 (MRD31)
VAR_072700 Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 31 (MRD31)
VAR_072701 Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 31 (MRD31)
VAR_072702 Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 31 (MRD31)
VAR_072703 Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 31 (MRD31)

Variation tolerance for PURA Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 24.99% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.07; 1.56% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for PURA Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
PURA
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
PURA

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PURA Gene

Disorders for PURA Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(8) MalaCards diseases for PURA Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
5q31.3 microdeletion syndrome
  • del(5)(q31.3)
mental retardation, autosomal dominant 31
  • mrd31
bladder neck obstruction
  • obstruction of bladder neck
fragile x tremor/ataxia syndrome
  • fxtas
tick-borne relapsing fever
  • relapsing fever, tick-borne
- elite association
Search PURA in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

PURA_HUMAN
  • Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 31 (MRD31) [MIM:616158]: A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRD31 patients manifest neonatal hypotonia, encephalopathy with or without epilepsy, and severe developmental delay. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:25439098}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for PURA

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
PURA
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
PURA
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
PURA
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PURA: view

No data available for Genatlas for PURA Gene

Publications for PURA Gene

  1. Sequence of cDNA comprising the human pur gene and sequence-specific single-stranded-DNA-binding properties of the encoded protein. (PMID: 1448097) Bergemann A.D. … Johnson E.M. (Mol. Cell. Biol. 1992) 2 23 67
  2. Transcriptional regulation of the human ST6GAL2 gene in cerebral cortex and neuronal cells. (PMID: 19768537) Lehoux S. … Krzewinski-Recchi M.A. (Glycoconj. J. 2010) 23 67
  3. Induction of bicalutamide sensitivity in prostate cancer cells by an epigenetic Puralpha-mediated decrease in androgen receptor levels. (PMID: 19790234) Liu X. … Ferrari A.C. (Prostate 2010) 23 67
  4. Purine-rich element binding protein (PUR) alpha induces endoplasmic reticulum stress response, and cell differentiation pathways in prostate cancer cells. (PMID: 19267365) Inoue T. … Getzenberg R.H. (Prostate 2009) 23 67
  5. Multiple roles for Puralpha in cellular and viral regulation. (PMID: 19182532) White M.K. … Khalili K. (Cell Cycle 2009) 23 67

Products for PURA Gene

Sources for PURA Gene

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