Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for PTGDR Gene

Aliases for PTGDR Gene

  • Prostaglandin D2 Receptor 2 3 5
  • PGD2 Receptor 3 4
  • Prostanoid DP Receptor 4
  • PGD Receptor 4
  • PTGDR1 3
  • ASRT1 3
  • AS1 3
  • DP1 3
  • DP 3

External Ids for PTGDR Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PTGDR Gene

  • GC14P050057
  • GC14P046530
  • GC14P050724
  • GC14P051804
  • GC14P052734
  • GC14P032895

Summaries for PTGDR Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PTGDR Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G protein)-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily. The receptors are seven-pass transmembrane proteins that respond to extracellular cues and activate intracellular signal transduction pathways. This protein is reported to be a receptor for prostaglandin D2, which is a mediator of allergic inflammation and allergic airway inflammation in asthma. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

GeneCards Summary for PTGDR Gene

PTGDR (Prostaglandin D2 Receptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PTGDR include Asthma-Related Traits 1 and Asthma. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Signaling by GPCR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and prostaglandin D receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is PTGER2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PTGDR Gene

  • Receptor for prostaglandin D2 (PGD2). The activity of this receptor is mainly mediated by G(s) proteins that stimulate adenylate cyclase, resulting in an elevation of intracellular cAMP. A mobilization of calcium is also observed, but without formation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (By similarity).

Tocris Summary for PTGDR Gene

  • Prostanoid receptors are activated by the endogenous ligands prostaglandin (PG) D2, PGE2, PGF2alpha, PGH2, prostacyclin (PGI2) and thromboxane A2. Cyclooxygenase (COX) converts arachidonic acid to PGH2, from which the other prostaglandins are synthesized.

Gene Wiki entry for PTGDR Gene

Additional gene information for PTGDR Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PTGDR Gene

Genomics for PTGDR Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for PTGDR Gene

Promoters and enhancers for PTGDR Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH14I052266 Promoter/Enhancer 1.4 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 569.5 +0.2 225 2.7 SUZ12 SIN3A EZH2 PTGDR PTGER2 LOC100131689 GC14M052143
GH14I051843 Promoter/Enhancer 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 7.9 -420.4 -420425 5.7 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 SIN3A BMI1 BATF KLF5 IRF4 ZNF207 ZNF143 GNG2 RTRAF PTGDR PTGER2 LOC102723604
GH14I051865 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 8.4 -399.5 -399450 4.7 SMARCA5 EBF1 ATF2 TARDBP ZKSCAN8 IKZF1 NBN ZFP36 ATF7 ZNF24 GNG2 RTRAF PTGER2 PTGDR LOC102723604
GH14I052240 Enhancer 0.7 Ensembl ENCODE 12.2 -25.7 -25743 1.8 PKNOX1 POLR2A CEBPB FOS EP300 MAFK PTGDR ENSG00000258440 GC14M052143
GH14I052271 Enhancer 0.5 FANTOM5 15.7 +4.5 4520 0.3 PRDM6 CREB1 ATF7 ATF2 PTGDR GNG2 PTGER2 LOC100131689 GC14M052143
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around PTGDR on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the PTGDR gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for PTGDR Gene

Genomic Locations for PTGDR Gene
9,469 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for PTGDR Gene

Genes around PTGDR on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PTGDR Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PTGDR Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PTGDR Gene

Proteins for PTGDR Gene

  • Protein details for PTGDR Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Prostaglandin D2 receptor
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • G3V5L3
    • Q13250
    • Q13251
    • Q1ZZ52

    Protein attributes for PTGDR Gene

    359 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    40271 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for PTGDR Gene


neXtProt entry for PTGDR Gene

Post-translational modifications for PTGDR Gene

  • Glycosylation at isoforms=210, isoforms=290, and Asn297

Other Protein References for PTGDR Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PTGDR Gene

Domains & Families for PTGDR Gene

Gene Families for PTGDR Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • G-protein coupled receptors
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PTGDR Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PTGDR: view

Function for PTGDR Gene

Molecular function for PTGDR Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Receptor for prostaglandin D2 (PGD2). The activity of this receptor is mainly mediated by G(s) proteins that stimulate adenylate cyclase, resulting in an elevation of intracellular cAMP. A mobilization of calcium is also observed, but without formation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (By similarity).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for PTGDR Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PTGDR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001785 prostaglandin J receptor activity IEA --
GO:0004871 signal transducer activity IEA --
GO:0004930 G-protein coupled receptor activity IEA --
GO:0004956 prostaglandin D receptor activity NAS 7642548
GO:0004957 prostaglandin E receptor activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PTGDR: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PTGDR: view

Animal Models for PTGDR Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PTGDR:

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PTGDR Gene

Localization for PTGDR Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PTGDR Gene

Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PTGDR gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
nucleus 2
cytosol 2
extracellular 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PTGDR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane IDA,TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane NAS 7642548
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PTGDR: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for PTGDR Gene

Pathways & Interactions for PTGDR Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PTGDR: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PTGDR Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006954 inflammatory response IEA --
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0007186 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0030238 male sex determination IEA --
GO:0030431 sleep IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PTGDR: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for PTGDR Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PTGDR Gene

(53) Drugs for PTGDR Gene - From: DrugBank, ApexBio, DGIdb, IUPHAR, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Iloprost Approved, Investigational Pharma Full agonist, Agonist, agonist Prostacyclin (PGI2) analog, Others 83
Nedocromil Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, unknown 5
Misoprostol Approved Pharma 323
calcium Approved Nutra 0
cyclic amp Experimental Pharma 0

(13) Additional Compounds for PTGDR Gene - From: Novoseek and IUPHAR

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Full agonist, Agonist
Full agonist, Agonist
Full agonist, Agonist

(5) Tocris Compounds for PTGDR Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
(+-)-Cloprostenol sodium salt Water-soluble PGF2alpha analog and potent FP receptor agonist 55028-72-3
BMY 45778 Non-prostanoid prostacyclin IP receptor partial agonist 152575-66-1
Iloprost Prostacyclin (PGI2) analog 78919-13-8
Prostaglandin E2 Major endogenous prostanoid 363-24-6
U 46619 Potent, stable thromboxane A2 (TP) receptor agonist 56985-40-1

(18) ApexBio Compounds for PTGDR Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
(+)-Fluprostenol 54276-17-4
(±)-Cloprostenol sodium salt 55028-72-3
BMY 45778 Type I IL-1 receptor antagonist 152575-66-1
GW 627368 439288-66-1
L-161,982 147776-06-5
L-655,240 103253-15-2
L-670,596 121083-05-4
L-798,106 244101-02-8
Laropiprant DP1 receptor antagonist,potent and selective 571170-77-9
Misoprostol 59122-46-2
NS 304 475086-01-2
PF 04418948 1078166-57-0
Prostaglandin F2α 38562-01-5
SC 51089 146033-02-5
SC 51322 146032-79-3
Sulprostone 60325-46-4
TCS 2510 346673-06-1
U 46619 selective agonist of prostaglandin H2 (PGH2)/thromboxane A2 (TxA2) (TP) receptor 56985-40-1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PTGDR: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for PTGDR Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PTGDR Gene

(3) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(4) Additional mRNA sequences :
(10) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for PTGDR Gene

Prostaglandin D2 receptor (DP):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PTGDR Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for PTGDR Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PTGDR Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for PTGDR Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PTGDR Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Colon - Transverse (x8.6), Whole Blood (x7.0), and Spleen (x4.4).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PTGDR Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PTGDR Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PTGDR Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of PTGDR Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PTGDR Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PTGDR Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in retinal choroid, ciliary epithelium, longitudinal and circular ciliary muscles, iris, small intestine and platelet membranes.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for PTGDR Gene

  • Intestine(4.2)
  • Nervous system(4.2)
  • Blood(2.6)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PTGDR: view

Primer Products

No data available for Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for PTGDR Gene

Orthologs for PTGDR Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for PTGDR Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PTGDR 33 34
  • 99.34 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PTGDR 33 34
  • 85.77 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PTGDR 33 34
  • 84.49 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ptgdrl 33
  • 78.25 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ptgdr 33 16 34
  • 78.06 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ptgdr 33
  • 56.72 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ptger4c 34
  • 22 (a)
Species where no ortholog for PTGDR was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PTGDR Gene

Gene Tree for PTGDR (if available)
Gene Tree for PTGDR (if available)

Paralogs for PTGDR Gene

Paralogs for PTGDR Gene

(3) SIMAP similar genes for PTGDR Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PTGDR: view

Variants for PTGDR Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PTGDR Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000376357 -- 52,269,413(+) G/T intron_variant
rs1000661694 -- 52,269,634(+) A/C intron_variant
rs1000798556 -- 52,270,085(+) C/T intron_variant
rs1001289437 -- 52,265,814(+) T/C upstream_transcript_variant
rs1001329194 -- 52,280,412(+) C/T 3_prime_UTR_variant, genic_downstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PTGDR Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1044604 CNV gain 25217958
nsv819552 CNV gain 19587683
nsv832795 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for PTGDR Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 71.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.12; 51.19% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for PTGDR Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PTGDR Gene

Disorders for PTGDR Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for PTGDR Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
asthma-related traits 1
  • asthma-related traits, susceptibility to, 1
  • asthma, susceptibility to
  • acne roscea
anemia of prematurity
deafness, autosomal dominant 17
  • dfna17
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PTGDR in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Asthma-related traits 1 (ASRT1) [MIM:607277]: Asthma-related traits include clinical symptoms of asthma, such as coughing, wheezing, dyspnea, bronchial hyperresponsiveness as assessed by methacholine challenge test, serum IgE levels, atopy and atopic dermatitis. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15496624}. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for PTGDR

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PTGDR: view

No data available for Genatlas for PTGDR Gene

Publications for PTGDR Gene

  1. Role of prostanoid DP receptor variants in susceptibility to asthma. (PMID: 15496624) Oguma T … Lilly CM (The New England journal of medicine 2004) 3 4 22 44 58
  2. Molecular cloning and characterization of the human prostanoid DP receptor. (PMID: 7642548) Boie Y … Abramovitz M (The Journal of biological chemistry 1995) 2 3 4 22 58
  3. Prostanoid DP receptor (PTGDR) variants in mothers with post-coital associated preterm births: preliminary observations. (PMID: 19710676) Grisaru-Granovsky S … Schimmel MS (Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association 2010) 3 22 44 58
  4. PTGDR is not a major candidate gene for asthma and atopy in Chinese children. (PMID: 19220773) Leung TF … Chan JC (Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology 2009) 3 22 44 58
  5. Clinical studies of the DP1 antagonist laropiprant in asthma and allergic rhinitis. (PMID: 19748656) Philip G … Reiss TF (The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 2009) 3 22 44 58

Products for PTGDR Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for PTGDR

Sources for PTGDR Gene

Loading form....