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Aliases for DIABLO Gene

Aliases for DIABLO Gene

  • Diablo, IAP-Binding Mitochondrial Protein 2 3
  • Second Mitochondria-Derived Activator Of Caspase 2 3 4
  • SMAC 3 4 6
  • Direct IAP-Binding Protein With Low PI 3 4
  • DFNA64 3 6
  • Diablo Homolog, Mitochondrial 3

External Ids for DIABLO Gene

Summaries for DIABLO Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DIABLO Gene

  • This gene encodes an inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP)-binding protein. The encoded mitochondrial protein enters the cytosol when cells undergo apoptosis, and allows activation of caspases by binding to inhibitor of apoptosis proteins. Overexpression of the encoded protein sensitizes tumor cells to apoptosis. A mutation in this gene is associated with young-adult onset of nonsyndromic deafness-64. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]

GeneCards Summary for DIABLO Gene

DIABLO (Diablo, IAP-Binding Mitochondrial Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DIABLO include deafness, autosomal dominant 64 and autosomal dominant non-syndromic sensorineural deafness type dfna. Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DIABLO Gene

  • Promotes apoptosis by activating caspases in the cytochrome c/Apaf-1/caspase-9 pathway. Acts by opposing the inhibitory activity of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP). Inhibits the activity of BIRC6/bruce by inhibiting its binding to caspases. Isoform 3 attenuates the stability and apoptosis-inhibiting activity of XIAP/BIRC4 by promoting XIAP/BIRC4 ubiquitination and degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Isoform 3 also disrupts XIAP/BIRC4 interacting with processed caspase-9 and promotes caspase-3 activation. Isoform 1 is defective in the capacity to down-regulate the XIAP/BIRC4 abundance.

Gene Wiki entry for DIABLO Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DIABLO Gene

Genomics for DIABLO Gene

Genomic Location for DIABLO Gene

Start:
122,207,662 bp from pter
End:
122,227,534 bp from pter
Size:
19,873 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for DIABLO Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for DIABLO Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DIABLO Gene

Regulatory Elements for DIABLO Gene

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the DIABLO gene promoter:

Proteins for DIABLO Gene

  • Protein details for DIABLO Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9NR28-DBLOH_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Diablo homolog, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Q9NR28
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RDQ0
    • Q6W3F3
    • Q96LV0
    • Q9BT11
    • Q9HAV6

    Protein attributes for DIABLO Gene

    Size:
    239 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    27131 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. Interacts with NGFRAP1/BEX3 (By similarity). Interacts with BIRC2/c-IAP1, BIRC3/c-IAP2, XIAP/BIRC4, BIRC6/bruce and BIRC7/livin. Interacts with the monomeric and dimeric form of BIRC5/survivin.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for DIABLO Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for DIABLO Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for DIABLO Gene

Proteomics data for DIABLO Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for DIABLO Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DIABLO Gene

Domains for DIABLO Gene

Protein Domains for DIABLO Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

DBLOH_HUMAN
Domain:
  • The mature N-terminus mediates interaction with XIAP/BIRC4:
    • Q9NR28
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DIABLO: view

No data available for Gene Families for DIABLO Gene

Function for DIABLO Gene

Molecular function for DIABLO Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Promotes apoptosis by activating caspases in the cytochrome c/Apaf-1/caspase-9 pathway. Acts by opposing the inhibitory activity of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP). Inhibits the activity of BIRC6/bruce by inhibiting its binding to caspases. Isoform 3 attenuates the stability and apoptosis-inhibiting activity of XIAP/BIRC4 by promoting XIAP/BIRC4 ubiquitination and degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Isoform 3 also disrupts XIAP/BIRC4 interacting with processed caspase-9 and promotes caspase-3 activation. Isoform 1 is defective in the capacity to down-regulate the XIAP/BIRC4 abundance.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DIABLO Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 11604410
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DIABLO: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DIABLO: view

Animal Models for DIABLO Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DIABLO:

miRNA for DIABLO Gene

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for DIABLO Gene

Localization for DIABLO Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DIABLO Gene

Mitochondrion. Note=Released into the cytosol when cells undergo apoptosis.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for DIABLO Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DIABLO gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 4
plasma membrane 3
nucleus 2
peroxisome 2
cytoskeleton 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DIABLO Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA --
GO:0005758 mitochondrial intermembrane space TAS 18309324
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0009898 cytoplasmic side of plasma membrane ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DIABLO: view

Pathways for DIABLO Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DIABLO: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DIABLO Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006915 apoptotic process TAS --
GO:0006919 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process TAS 18309324
GO:0008625 extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway via death domain receptors TAS 10950947
GO:0008631 intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to oxidative stress IEA --
GO:0008635 activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process by cytochrome c IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DIABLO: view

Compounds for DIABLO Gene

(30) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for DIABLO Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
ciap2 76.3 2
ciap1 75.1 3
noxa 66.9 3
ceramide 53.4 3
tetrapeptide 52.1 2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with DIABLO: view

Transcripts for DIABLO Gene

Unigene Clusters for DIABLO Gene

Diablo, IAP-binding mitochondrial protein:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DIABLO Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d · 3e · 3f ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c · 5d ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b · 11c · 11d · 11e ·
SP1: - - - - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - - - - - - -
SP6: - - - - - - - - - -
SP7: - - - - - - - - - -
SP8: - -
SP9: - - - -
SP10: -
SP11:
SP12:
SP13: -
SP14: - -

ExUns: 11f · 11g · 11h · 11i · 11j
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:
SP14:

Relevant External Links for DIABLO Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
DIABLO
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
DIABLO

Expression for DIABLO Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for DIABLO Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for DIABLO Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DIABLO Gene Hs.169611

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DIABLO Gene

Q9NR28-DBLOH_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Ubiquitously expressed with highest expression in testis. Expression is also high in heart, liver, kidney, spleen, prostate and ovary. Low in brain, lung, thymus and peripheral blood leukocytes. Isoform 3 is ubiquitously expressed.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with DIABLO: view

Orthologs for DIABLO Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for DIABLO Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DIABLO 36
  • 99.44 (n)
  • 99.44 (a)
DIABLO 37
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DIABLO 36
  • 88.61 (n)
  • 90.3 (a)
DIABLO 37
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DIABLO 36
  • 90.3 (n)
  • 90.72 (a)
DIABLO 37
  • 89 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Diablo 36
  • 84.67 (n)
  • 85.65 (a)
Diablo 16
Diablo 37
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DIABLO 37
  • 71 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia DIABLO 37
  • 68 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DIABLO 36
  • 67.38 (n)
  • 64.38 (a)
DIABLO 37
  • 61 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DIABLO 37
  • 60 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia diablo 36
  • 59.53 (n)
  • 53.71 (a)
Str.8735 36
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii diabloa 37
  • 35 (a)
OneToMany
diablob 37
  • 38 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for DIABLO:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for DIABLO Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for DIABLO (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for DIABLO (if available)

Paralogs for DIABLO Gene

No data available for Paralogs for DIABLO Gene

Variants for DIABLO Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DIABLO Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs12870 -- 122,208,273(-) GGCAG(A/G)TCCTG utr-variant-3-prime
rs2271411 -- 122,216,454(+) AAAAT(A/T)AAAAA intron-variant
rs3215200 -- 122,216,464(+) AAAAA(-/A)CCCAA intron-variant
rs4372486 -- 122,209,758(-) AAATG(A/T)TCTAC intron-variant
rs4595581 -- 122,211,005(-) tgtgg(G/T)gggat intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DIABLO Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2659676 CNV Deletion 23128226

Relevant External Links for DIABLO Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
DIABLO
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
DIABLO

Disorders for DIABLO Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for DIABLO Gene (605219)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

DBLOH_HUMAN
  • Deafness, autosomal dominant, 64 (DFNA64) [MIM:614152]: A form of non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss. Sensorineural deafness results from damage to the neural receptors of the inner ear, the nerve pathways to the brain, or the area of the brain that receives sound information. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21722859}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for DIABLO Gene

(29) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for DIABLO Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
cancer 55.8 37
glioblastoma 53.1 1
tumors 44.7 41
necrosis 42.9 9
colon cancer 36.7 8

Relevant External Links for DIABLO

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
DIABLO
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
DIABLO
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DIABLO: view

Publications for DIABLO Gene

  1. Structural basis for binding of Smac/DIABLO to the XIAP BIR3 domain. (PMID: 11140637) Liu Z. … Fesik S.W. (Nature 2000) 3 4 23
  2. Smac, a mitochondrial protein that promotes cytochrome c-dependent caspase activation by eliminating IAP inhibition. (PMID: 10929711) Du C. … Wang X. (Cell 2000) 3 4 23
  3. Smac3, a novel Smac/DIABLO splicing variant, attenuates the stability and apoptosis-inhibiting activity of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein. (PMID: 14523016) Fu J. … Arend L.J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003) 3 4 23
  4. Functional mutation of SMAC/DIABLO, encoding a mitochondrial proapoptotic protein, causes human progressive hearing loss DFNA64. (PMID: 21722859) Cheng J. … Yuan H. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2011) 2 3 4
  5. A dimeric Smac/diablo peptide directly relieves caspase-3 inhibition by XIAP. Dynamic and cooperative regulation of XIAP by Smac/Diablo. (PMID: 17724022) Gao Z. … Jiang X. (J. Biol. Chem. 2007) 3 23

Products for DIABLO Gene

Sources for DIABLO Gene

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