Aliases for GABRQ Gene
External Ids for GABRQ Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GABRQ Gene
The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor is a multisubunit chloride channel that mediates the fastest inhibitory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. This gene encodes the theta subunit of the GABA A receptor. The gene is mapped to chromosome Xq28 in a cluster of genes including those that encode the alpha 3 and epsilon subunits of the GABA A receptor. This gene location is also the candidate region of two different neurologic diseases: early-onset parkinsonism (Waisman syndrome) and X-linked mental retardation (MRX3). [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2009]
GeneCards Summary for GABRQ Gene
GABRQ (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Type A Receptor Theta Subunit) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GABRQ include waisman syndrome and neurologic diseases. Among its related pathways are Circadian entrainment and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. GO annotations related to this gene include transmembrane signaling receptor activity and extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is GABRR1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GABRQ Gene
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel.
GABAA receptors are members of the Cys-loop family of ligand-gated ion channels and, along with GABAB receptors, are responsible for mediating the inhibitory effects of GABA. They are pentameric proteins, consisting of five subunits belonging to different families.