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Aliases for AVPR2 Gene

Aliases for AVPR2 Gene

  • Arginine Vasopressin Receptor 2 2 3 5
  • Renal-Type Arginine Vasopressin Receptor 3 4
  • Antidiuretic Hormone Receptor 3 4
  • AVPR V2 3 4
  • DIR3 3 4
  • ADHR 3 4
  • DIR 3 4
  • V2R 3 4
  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus 2
  • DI1 3
  • NDI 3

External Ids for AVPR2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for AVPR2 Gene

  • DIR3
  • DIR

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AVPR2 Gene

  • GC0XP147305
  • GC0XP149625
  • GC0XP150753
  • GC0XP151635
  • GC0XP152688
  • GC0XP152823
  • GC0XP153167
  • GC0XP141789

Summaries for AVPR2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AVPR2 Gene

  • This gene encodes the vasopressin receptor, type 2, also known as the V2 receptor, which belongs to the seven-transmembrane-domain G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily, and couples to Gs thus stimulating adenylate cyclase. The subfamily that includes the V2 receptor, the V1a and V1b vasopressin receptors, the oxytocin receptor, and isotocin and mesotocin receptors in non-mammals, is well conserved, though several members signal via other G proteins. All bind similar cyclic nonapeptide hormones. The V2 receptor is expressed in the kidney tubule, predominantly in the distal convoluted tubule and collecting ducts, where its primary property is to respond to the pituitary hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP) by stimulating mechanisms that concentrate the urine and maintain water homeostasis in the organism. When the function of this gene is lost, the disease Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus (NDI) results. The V2 receptor is also expressed outside the kidney although its tissue localization is uncertain. When these 'extrarenal receptors' are stimulated by infusion of a V2 selective agonist (dDAVP), a variety of clotting factors are released into the bloodstream. The physiologic importance of this property is not known - its absence does not appear to be detrimental in NDI patients. The gene expression has also been described in fetal lung tissue and lung cancer associated with alternative splicing. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for AVPR2 Gene

AVPR2 (Arginine Vasopressin Receptor 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AVPR2 include diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic and nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Infectious disease. GO annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and vasopressin receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is AVPR1B.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AVPR2 Gene

  • Receptor for arginine vasopressin. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which activate adenylate cyclase. Involved in renal water reabsorption.

Tocris Summary for AVPR2 Gene

  • Vasopressin receptors are a group of G-protein-coupled receptors that mediate vasoconstriction, antidiuresis and ACTH release. They are currently divided into three subtypes, V1A, V1B and V2 and are closely related to oxytocin receptors (OT).

Gene Wiki entry for AVPR2 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AVPR2 Gene

Genomics for AVPR2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AVPR2 Gene

Promoters for AVPR2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around AVPR2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for AVPR2 Gene

153,902,531 bp from pter
153,907,166 bp from pter
4,636 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for AVPR2 Gene

Genes around AVPR2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AVPR2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AVPR2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AVPR2 Gene

Proteins for AVPR2 Gene

  • Protein details for AVPR2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Vasopressin V2 receptor
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • C5HF20
    • O43192
    • Q3MJD3
    • Q9UCV9

    Protein attributes for AVPR2 Gene

    371 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    40279 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with ARRDC4. Identified in a complex containing at least ARRDC4, V2R and HGS.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for AVPR2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for AVPR2 Gene


neXtProt entry for AVPR2 Gene

Proteomics data for AVPR2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for AVPR2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn 22
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for AVPR2 Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for AVPR2 Gene

Domains & Families for AVPR2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for AVPR2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family. Vasopressin/oxytocin receptor subfamily.
  • Belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family. Vasopressin/oxytocin receptor subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AVPR2: view

Function for AVPR2 Gene

Molecular function for AVPR2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
vasopressin renal V2-type receptor,G protein coupled receptor superfamily
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Receptor for arginine vasopressin. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which activate adenylate cyclase. Involved in renal water reabsorption.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AVPR2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for AVPR2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for AVPR2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AVPR2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for AVPR2

Inhibitory RNA Products

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AVPR2 Gene

Localization for AVPR2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AVPR2 Gene

Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for AVPR2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AVPR2 gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
endosome 5
plasma membrane 5
golgi apparatus 4
extracellular 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AVPR2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005768 endosome TAS 10858434
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AVPR2: view

Pathways & Interactions for AVPR2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AVPR2: view

Interacting Proteins for AVPR2 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see details)
Selected Interacting proteins: P30518-V2R_HUMAN ENSP00000338072 for AVPR2 Gene via I2D STRING

SIGNOR curated interactions for AVPR2 Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AVPR2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003084 positive regulation of systemic arterial blood pressure IEA --
GO:0003091 renal water homeostasis TAS --
GO:0007186 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway IEA --
GO:0007188 adenylate cyclase-modulating G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway TAS 10880054
GO:0007249 I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AVPR2: view

Drugs & Compounds for AVPR2 Gene

(72) Drugs for AVPR2 Gene - From: Novoseek, IUPHAR, DGIdb, ApexBio, DrugBank, HMDB, and Tocris

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Desmopressin Approved Pharma Full agonist, Agonist, stimulator, Target, agonist Synthetic vasopressin analog; V1B and V2 agonist 0
Tolvaptan Approved Pharma Antagonist, antagonist, Target AVP V2-receptor antagonist 84
Conivaptan Approved, Investigational Pharma Antagonist, antagonist, Target 20
Vasopressin Approved Pharma Full agonist, Agonist, agonist, Target 0
Terlipressin Approved, Investigational Pharma stimulator, Target, agonist 47

(20) Additional Compounds for AVPR2 Gene - From: IUPHAR, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Full agonist, Agonist
Full agonist, Agonist
SR 121463A
SR 49059
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AVPR2: view

Transcripts for AVPR2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AVPR2 Gene

Arginine vasopressin receptor 2:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AVPR2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b · 4c
SP1: -

Relevant External Links for AVPR2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for AVPR2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for AVPR2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AVPR2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipose - Visceral (Omentum) (x4.8) and Adipose - Subcutaneous (x4.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AVPR2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for AVPR2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AVPR2 Gene Hs.567240

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AVPR2 Gene

Tissue specificity: Kidney.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AVPR2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for AVPR2 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for AVPR2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for AVPR2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AVPR2 35
  • 85.14 (n)
  • 84.59 (a)
AVPR2 36
  • 85 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AVPR2 35
  • 86.85 (n)
  • 86.49 (a)
AVPR2 36
  • 86 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Avpr2 35
  • 83.65 (n)
  • 87.6 (a)
Avpr2 16
Avpr2 36
  • 88 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AVPR2 35
  • 99.46 (n)
  • 99.73 (a)
AVPR2 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Avpr2 35
  • 83.83 (n)
  • 87.87 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia AVPR2 36
  • 60 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AVPR2 36
  • 39 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AVPR2 36
  • 56 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100487051 35
  • 58.26 (n)
  • 56.76 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100151502 35
  • 64.21 (n)
  • 60.58 (a)
AVPR2 (3 of 3) 36
  • 44 (a)
avpr2aa 36
  • 36 (a)
avpr2ab 36
  • 35 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG6111 37
  • 29 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea T07D10.2 37
  • 27 (a)
Species with no ortholog for AVPR2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for AVPR2 Gene

Gene Tree for AVPR2 (if available)
Gene Tree for AVPR2 (if available)

Paralogs for AVPR2 Gene

Paralogs for AVPR2 Gene

(6) SIMAP similar genes for AVPR2 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AVPR2: view

Variants for AVPR2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AVPR2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 0X pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs5196 - 153,905,164(+) CCACC(A/T)CTTCC nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
VAR_003517 Diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic, X-linked (XNDI)
rs150351033 - 153,905,696(+) TAGCT(C/T)GGCGG intron-variant, reference, missense
VAR_003520 Diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic, X-linked (XNDI)
VAR_003521 Diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic, X-linked (XNDI)

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AVPR2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv33199 CNV Gain+Loss 17666407
nsv469867 CNV Complex 16826518

Variation tolerance for AVPR2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 93.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.35; 53.78% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for AVPR2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AVPR2 Gene

Disorders for AVPR2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(11) MalaCards diseases for AVPR2 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search AVPR2 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic, X-linked (XNDI) [MIM:304800]: A disorder caused by the inability of the renal collecting ducts to absorb water in response to arginine vasopressin. Characterized by excessive water drinking (polydipsia), excessive urine excretion (polyuria), persistent hypotonic urine, and hypokalemia. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10694923, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10770218, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11232028, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11916004, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1303257, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1303271, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1356229, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16845277, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7560098, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7833930, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7984150, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7987330, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7999078, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8037205, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8045948, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8078903, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8267567, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8479490, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8514744, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9402087, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9452109, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9711877}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (NSIAD) [MIM:300539]: Characterized by an inability to excrete a free water load, with inappropriately concentrated urine and resultant hyponatremia, hypoosmolarity, and natriuresis. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15872203}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for AVPR2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AVPR2: view

No data available for Genatlas for AVPR2 Gene

Publications for AVPR2 Gene

  1. Absence of AVPR2 copy number variation in eunatremic and dysnatremic subjects in non-Hispanic Caucasian populations. (PMID: 19996159) Fu Y. … Cohen D.M. (Physiol. Genomics 2010) 3 23 48 67
  2. Investigation of mechanism of desmopressin binding in vasopressin V2 receptor versus vasopressin V1a and oxytocin receptors: molecular dynamics simulation of the agonist-bound state in the membrane-aqueous system. (PMID: 16333859) Slusarz M.J. … Ciarkowski J. (Biopolymers 2006) 3 23 25 26
  3. Novel vasopressin type 2 (AVPR2) gene mutations in Brazilian nephrogenic diabetes insipidus patients. (PMID: 17020465) Boson W.L. … De Marco L. (Genet. Test. 2006) 3 23 25 26
  4. Conivaptan: new treatment for hyponatremia. (PMID: 17592003) Walter K.A. (Am J Health Syst Pharm 2007) 23 25 26
  5. Aquaporin 2 (AQP2) and vasopressin type 2 receptor (V2R) endocytosis in kidney epithelial cells: AQP2 is located in 'endocytosis-resistant' membrane domains after vasopressin treatment. (PMID: 16563128) Bouley R. … Brown D. (Biol. Cell 2006) 3 25 26

Products for AVPR2 Gene

Sources for AVPR2 Gene

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