Aliases for PPARG Gene
External Ids for PPARG Gene
This gene encodes a member of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) subfamily of nuclear receptors. PPARs form heterodimers with retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and these heterodimers regulate transcription of various genes. Three subtypes of PPARs are known: PPAR-alpha, PPAR-delta, and PPAR-gamma. The protein encoded by this gene is PPAR-gamma and is a regulator of adipocyte differentiation. Additionally, PPAR-gamma has been implicated in the pathology of numerous diseases including obesity, diabetes, atherosclerosis and cancer. Alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PPARG Gene
PPARG (Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PPARG include carotid intimal medial thickness 1 and retroperitoneal liposarcoma. Among its related pathways are Pathways in cancer and L1CAM interactions. GO annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity and chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is NR1I2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PPARG Gene
Nuclear receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Once activated by a ligand, the nuclear receptor binds to DNA specific PPAR response elements (PPRE) and modulates the transcription of its target genes, such as acyl-CoA oxidase. It therefore controls the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Key regulator of adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis. ARF6 acts as a key regulator of the tissue-specific adipocyte P2 (aP2) enhancer. Acts as a critical regulator of gut homeostasis by suppressing NF-kappa-B-mediated proinflammatory responses. Plays a role in the regulation of cardiovascular circadian rhythms by regulating the transcription of ARNTL/BMAL1 in the blood vessels (By similarity).
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a member of the nuclear receptor family of ligand-activated transcription factors that heterodimerize with the retinoic X receptor (RXR) to regulate gene expression. PPARgamma is located primarily in the adipose tissue, lymphoid tissue, colon, liver and heart and is thought to regulate adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis. PPARgamma has been implicated in the pathology of numerous diseases including obesity, diabetes, atherosclerosis and cancer. The human gene encoding PPARgamma has been localized to chromosome 3 (3p25).