Aliases for PPARA Gene
External Ids for PPARA Gene
Previous Symbols for PPARA Gene
Peroxisome proliferators include hypolipidemic drugs, herbicides, leukotriene antagonists, and plasticizers; this term arises because they induce an increase in the size and number of peroxisomes. Peroxisomes are subcellular organelles found in plants and animals that contain enzymes for respiration and for cholesterol and lipid metabolism. The action of peroxisome proliferators is thought to be mediated via specific receptors, called PPARs, which belong to the steroid hormone receptor superfamily. PPARs affect the expression of target genes involved in cell proliferation, cell differentiation and in immune and inflammation responses. Three closely related subtypes (alpha, beta/delta, and gamma) have been identified. This gene encodes the subtype PPAR-alpha, which is a nuclear transcription factor. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene, although the full-length nature of only two has been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for PPARA Gene
PPARA (Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Alpha) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PPARA include tularemia and alcoholic cardiomyopathy. Among its related pathways are L1CAM interactions and Apoptotic Pathways in Synovial Fibroblasts. GO annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity and protein domain specific binding. An important paralog of this gene is NR1I2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PPARA Gene
Ligand-activated transcription factor. Key regulator of lipid metabolism. Activated by the endogenous ligand 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (16:0/18:1-GPC). Activated by oleylethanolamide, a naturally occurring lipid that regulates satiety. Receptor for peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Regulates the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Functions as transcription activator for the ACOX1 and P450 genes. Transactivation activity requires heterodimerization with RXRA and is antagonized by NR2C2. May be required for the propagation of clock information to metabolic pathways regulated by PER2.
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is a member of the nuclear receptor family of ligand-activated transcription factors that heterodimerize with the retinoic X receptor (RXR) to regulate gene expression. PPARalpha is located primarily in the liver, adipose tissue, kidney, heart, skeletal muscle and large intestine where it is thought to regulate fatty acid synthesis and oxidation, gluconeogenesis, ketogenesis and lipoprotein assembly. The human gene encoding PPARalpha has been localized to chromosome 22 (22q12-13.1).