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Aliases for POLD2 Gene

Aliases for POLD2 Gene

  • Polymerase (DNA Directed), Delta 2, Accessory Subunit 2 3
  • DNA Polymerase Delta Subunit P50 2 4
  • EC 2.7.7.7 4 63
  • Polymerase (DNA Directed), Delta 2, Regulatory Subunit (50kD) 2
  • Polymerase (DNA Directed), Delta 2, Regulatory Subunit 50kDa 2
  • Pol Delta B Subunit (P50) 2

External Ids for POLD2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for POLD2 Gene

  • GC07M043800
  • GC07M043861
  • GC07M043895
  • GC07M043927
  • GC07M044120
  • GC07M044039

Summaries for POLD2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for POLD2 Gene

  • This gene encodes the 50-kDa catalytic subunit of DNA polymerase delta. DNA polymerase delta possesses both polymerase and 3' to 5' exonuclease activity and plays a critical role in DNA replication and repair. The encoded protein is required for the stimulation of DNA polymerase delta activity by the processivity cofactor proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Expression of this gene may be a marker for ovarian carcinomas. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene, and a pseudogene of this gene is located on the long arm of chromosome 5. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

GeneCards Summary for POLD2 Gene

POLD2 (Polymerase (DNA Directed), Delta 2, Accessory Subunit) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Cell Cycle, Mitotic and Cell Cycle, Mitotic. GO annotations related to this gene include DNA-directed DNA polymerase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for POLD2 Gene

  • The function of the small subunit is not yet clear

Gene Wiki entry for POLD2 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for POLD2 Gene

Genomics for POLD2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for POLD2 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for POLD2 Gene

Start:
44,114,680 bp from pter
End:
44,124,358 bp from pter
Size:
9,679 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for POLD2 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for POLD2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for POLD2 Gene

Proteins for POLD2 Gene

  • Protein details for POLD2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P49005-DPOD2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    DNA polymerase delta subunit 2
    Protein Accession:
    P49005
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A4D2J4
    • B2R5S4

    Protein attributes for POLD2 Gene

    Size:
    469 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    51289 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterotetramer composed of subunits of 125 kDa, 50 kDa, 66 kDa and 12 kDa. Interacts with KCTD10 (By similarity). Interacts with KCTD13/POLDIP1, POLDIP2 and POLDIP3. Interacts with WRNIP1. Interacts with POLD4.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for POLD2 Gene

neXtProt entry for POLD2 Gene

Proteomics data for POLD2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for POLD2 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys81, Lys90, Lys99, Lys125, Lys267, Lys389, and Lys413
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains for POLD2 Gene

Gene Families for POLD2 Gene

HGNC:
  • POL :DNA polymerases

Protein Domains for POLD2 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P49005

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

DPOD2_HUMAN :
  • P49005
Family:
  • Belongs to the DNA polymerase delta/II small subunit family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with POLD2: view

Function for POLD2 Gene

Molecular function for POLD2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: polymerase (DNA directed) delta 2,small catalytic subunit 48kDa,involved in DNA replication of nuclear genome
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: Deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNA(n) = diphosphate + DNA(n+1)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: The function of the small subunit is not yet clear

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for POLD2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for POLD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0003887 DNA-directed DNA polymerase activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 12403614
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with POLD2: view

Phenotypes for POLD2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with POLD2: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for POLD2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target POLD2

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for POLD2

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for POLD2 Gene

Localization for POLD2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for POLD2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for POLD2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for POLD2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
mitochondrion 2
cytosol 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for POLD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus TAS 8530069
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0043625 delta DNA polymerase complex --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with POLD2: view

Pathways for POLD2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with POLD2: view

Pathways by source for POLD2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for POLD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000278 mitotic cell cycle TAS --
GO:0000722 telomere maintenance via recombination TAS --
GO:0000723 telomere maintenance TAS --
GO:0006260 DNA replication TAS 8530069
GO:0006261 DNA-dependent DNA replication --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with POLD2: view

Transcripts for POLD2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for POLD2 Gene

Polymerase (DNA directed), delta 2, accessory subunit:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for POLD2

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for POLD2 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d · 8e ^ 9a · 9b · 9c · 9d ^ 10a · 10b · 10c · 10d ^ 11a ·
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - - - -
SP6: - - -
SP7: - - - -
SP8: - - -
SP9:
SP10:
SP11: - - -
SP12: - - - -
SP13: - - - -
SP14: - - - - - - - - - -
SP15:
SP16:
SP17: -

ExUns: 11b ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b · 14c ^ 15a · 15b · 15c
SP1: -
SP2:
SP3:
SP4: - - - - - -
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9: -
SP10:
SP11:
SP12:
SP13:
SP14:
SP15: -
SP16:
SP17:

Relevant External Links for POLD2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
POLD2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
POLD2

Expression for POLD2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for POLD2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for POLD2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for POLD2 Gene Hs.306791

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with POLD2: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for POLD2 Gene

Orthologs for POLD2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for POLD2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia POLD2 35
  • 99.5 (n)
  • 99.79 (a)
POLD2 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia POLD2 35
  • 89.55 (n)
  • 95.52 (a)
POLD2 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia POLD2 35
  • 85.53 (n)
  • 90.47 (a)
POLD2 36
  • 86 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pold2 35
  • 88.14 (n)
  • 94.76 (a)
Pold2 16
Pold2 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia POLD2 36
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia POLD2 36
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pold2 35
  • 87.41 (n)
  • 94.54 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves POLD2 35
  • 73.64 (n)
  • 73.86 (a)
POLD2 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia POLD2 36
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia pold2-prov 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pold2 35
  • 68.7 (n)
  • 70.96 (a)
Str.12411 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.18066 35
pold2 35
  • 66.59 (n)
  • 68.2 (a)
pold2 36
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP008910 35
  • 51.73 (n)
  • 45.93 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG12018 35
  • 51.28 (n)
  • 44.47 (a)
CG12018 36
  • 43 (a)
OneToOne
BcDNA:HL03874 37
  • 43 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F12F6.7 36
  • 27 (a)
OneToOne
F12F6.7 37
  • 28 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes POL31 36
  • 30 (a)
OneToOne
POL31 38
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons POLD2 35
  • 48.64 (n)
  • 44.5 (a)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os03g0128500 35
  • 49.92 (n)
  • 44.02 (a)
Species with no ortholog for POLD2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for POLD2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for POLD2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for POLD2 (if available)

Paralogs for POLD2 Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for POLD2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with POLD2: view

No data available for Paralogs for POLD2 Gene

Variants for POLD2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for POLD2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs758981 -- 44,122,737(-) GAGGG(C/G)CAAGC intron-variant
rs2908280 -- 44,119,625(-) GACAC(A/G)TTGCT intron-variant
rs2908281 -- 44,119,096(-) ATGGA(A/G)TGGGT intron-variant
rs2922664 -- 44,125,476(+) ttggc(C/G)tatgg upstream-variant-2KB
rs2979422 -- 44,122,756(-) GCTCT(A/G)TAAGT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for POLD2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv428165 CNV Gain 18775914
nsv8082 CNV Gain 18304495
nsv887996 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv470210 CNV Loss 18288195
nsv830983 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv887997 CNV Loss 21882294
esv998294 CNV Deletion 20482838

Relevant External Links for POLD2 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
POLD2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for POLD2 Gene

Disorders for POLD2 Gene

Relevant External Links for POLD2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
POLD2
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
POLD2
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with POLD2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for POLD2 Gene

Publications for POLD2 Gene

  1. Cloning of the cDNAs for the small subunits of bovine and human DNA polymerase delta and chromosomal location of the human gene (POLD2). (PMID: 8530069) Zhang J. … So A.G. (Genomics 1995) 2 3 4
  2. Characterization of the 5'-flanking region of the gene encoding the 50 kDa subunit of human DNA polymerase delta. (PMID: 10978529) Perez A. … Lee M.Y.W.T. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2000) 3 4
  3. A tumor necrosis factor alpha- and interleukin 6-inducible protein that interacts with the small subunit of DNA polymerase delta and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. (PMID: 11593007) He H. … So A.G. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2001) 3 4
  4. Identification of a novel protein, PDIP38, that interacts with the p50 subunit of DNA polymerase delta and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. (PMID: 12522211) Liu L. … Lee M.Y.W.T. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003) 3 4
  5. Human chromosome 7: DNA sequence and biology. (PMID: 12690205) Scherer S.W. … Tsui L.-C. (Science 2003) 3 4

Products for POLD2 Gene

Sources for POLD2 Gene

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