Aliases for PGR Gene
External Ids for PGR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PGR Gene
This gene encodes a member of the steroid receptor superfamily. The encoded protein mediates the physiological effects of progesterone, which plays a central role in reproductive events associated with the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. This gene uses two distinct promotors and translation start sites in the first exon to produce several transcript variants, both protein coding and non-protein coding. Two of the isoforms (A and B) are identical except for an additional 165 amino acids found in the N-terminus of isoform B and mediate their own response genes and physiologic effects with little overlap. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]
GeneCards Summary for PGR Gene
PGR (Progesterone Receptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PGR include Progesterone Resistance and Myoma. Among its related pathways are Nuclear Receptor transcription pathway and Signaling by GPCR. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding and receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is NR3C2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PGR Gene
The steroid hormones and their receptors are involved in the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Progesterone receptor isoform B (PRB) is involved activation of c-SRC/MAPK signaling on hormone stimulation.
Isoform A: inactive in stimulating c-Src/MAPK signaling on hormone stimulation.
Isoform 4: Increases mitochondrial membrane potential and cellular respiration upon stimulation by progesterone.
Progesterone receptors (PRs) are nuclear hormone receptors of the NR3C class, which also includes mineralocorticoid, glucocorticoid and androgen receptors. They exist as homodimers coupled to Hsp90 or HMGB proteins, which are shed upon activation.