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Aliases for PADI3 Gene

Aliases for PADI3 Gene

  • Peptidyl Arginine Deiminase, Type III 2 3
  • Protein-Arginine Deiminase Type III 3 4
  • Peptidylarginine Deiminase III 3 4
  • EC 3.5.3.15 4 64
  • PDI3 3 4
  • Protein-Arginine Deiminase Type-3 3
  • PAD3 3

External Ids for PADI3 Gene

Summaries for PADI3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PADI3 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the peptidyl arginine deiminase family of enzymes, which catalyze the post-translational deimination of proteins by converting arginine residues into citrullines in the presence of calcium ions. The family members have distinct substrate specificities and tissue-specific expression patterns. The type III enzyme modulates hair structural proteins, such as filaggrin in the hair follicle and trichohyalin in the inner root sheath, during hair follicle formation. Together with the type I enzyme, this enzyme may also play a role in terminal differentiation of the epidermis. This gene exists in a cluster with four other paralogous genes. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PADI3 Gene

PADI3 (Peptidyl Arginine Deiminase, Type III) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are protein citrullination. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and protein-arginine deiminase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PADI1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PADI3 Gene

  • Catalyzes the deimination of arginine residues of proteins

Gene Wiki entry for PADI3 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PADI3 Gene

Genomics for PADI3 Gene

Genomic Location for PADI3 Gene

Start:
17,249,098 bp from pter
End:
17,284,233 bp from pter
Size:
35,136 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for PADI3 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for PADI3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PADI3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for PADI3 Gene

Proteins for PADI3 Gene

  • Protein details for PADI3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9ULW8-PADI3_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Protein-arginine deiminase type-3
    Protein Accession:
    Q9ULW8
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q58EY7
    • Q70SX5

    Protein attributes for PADI3 Gene

    Size:
    664 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    74743 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Ca(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29108;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for PADI3 Gene

Proteomics data for PADI3 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PADI3 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PADI3 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains for PADI3 Gene

Gene Families for PADI3 Gene

HGNC:
  • PADI :Peptidyl arginine deiminases

Protein Domains for PADI3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

PADI3_HUMAN
Family:
  • Belongs to the protein arginine deiminase family.:
    • Q9ULW8
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PADI3: view

Function for PADI3 Gene

Molecular function for PADI3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity: Protein L-arginine + H(2)O = protein L-citrulline + NH(3)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Catalyzes the deimination of arginine residues of proteins

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for PADI3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for PADI3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004668 protein-arginine deiminase activity IEA --
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PADI3: view

No data available for Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for PADI3 Gene

Localization for PADI3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PADI3 Gene

Cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for PADI3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PADI3 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
cytosol 3
extracellular 2
mitochondrion 2
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PADI3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PADI3: view

Pathways for PADI3 Gene

SuperPathways for PADI3 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 protein citrullination
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with PADI3: view

Pathways by source for PADI3 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for PADI3 Gene

Interacting Proteins for PADI3 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 2 interactants - click image to see details)
http://string-db.org/version_10/api/image/networkList?limit=0&targetmode=proteins&caller_identity=gene_cards&network_flavor=evidence&identifiers=9606.ENSP00000364609%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000363970%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000344818%0d%0a
Selected Interacting proteins: ENSP00000364609 for PADI3 Gene via STRING

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PADI3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0018101 protein citrullination IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PADI3: view

Compounds for PADI3 Gene

(5) HMDB Compounds for PADI3 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Ammonia
  • NH3
7664-41-7
Calcium
  • Ca
7440-70-2
Citrulline
  • (2S)-2-amino-5-(carbamoylamino)pentanoic acid
372-75-8
L-Arginine
  • (S)-2-Amino-5-[(aminoiminomethyl)amino]pentanoate
74-79-3
Water
  • Dihydrogen oxide
7732-18-5

(1) Drugbank Compounds for PADI3 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number Type Actions PubMed IDs
L-Citrulline
  • 2-Amino-5-uredovaleric acid
372-75-8 target
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PADI3: view

Transcripts for PADI3 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PADI3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for PADI3 Gene

Peptidyl arginine deiminase, type III:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PADI3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PADI3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
PADI3
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
PADI3

Expression for PADI3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PADI3 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PADI3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bladder (26.3), Esophagus - Mucosa (13.9), and Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (4.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for PADI3 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PADI3 Gene Hs.149195

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PADI3 Gene

Q9ULW8-PADI3_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Hair follicles, and epidermis at very low levels
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with PADI3: view

Orthologs for PADI3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for PADI3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PADI3 36
  • 99.3 (n)
  • 98.95 (a)
PADI3 37
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PADI3 36
  • 84.99 (n)
  • 86.12 (a)
PADI3 37
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PADI3 36
  • 89.31 (n)
  • 92.02 (a)
PADI3 37
  • 92 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Padi3 36
  • 84.69 (n)
  • 87.2 (a)
Padi3 16
Padi3 37
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PADI3 37
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 37
  • 83 (a)
OneToMany
-- 37
  • 77 (a)
OneToMany
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Padi3 36
  • 84.94 (n)
  • 87.35 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PADI3 36
  • 64.54 (n)
  • 58.12 (a)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PADI3 37
  • 47 (a)
OneToOne
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii padi2 37
  • 46 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for PADI3:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for PADI3 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for PADI3 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for PADI3 (if available)

Paralogs for PADI3 Gene

Paralogs for PADI3 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for PADI3 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PADI3: view

Variants for PADI3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for PADI3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs2272627 -- 17,265,829(+) GCTGA(C/T)GCCGA intron-variant
rs2272628 -- 17,266,649(+) AGGCT(C/G)GGGTT intron-variant
rs2272629 - 17,266,821(+) AGCAC(A/G)TGCAC missense, reference
rs2272630 -- 17,280,573(+) CCCTC(C/T)TTTGA intron-variant
rs2293916 -- 17,271,160(+) AACCG(C/T)AACGA reference, synonymous-codon

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for PADI3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv834291 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv470700 CNV Loss 18288195
nsv508958 CNV Insertion 20534489
nsv521814 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv516116 CNV Gain 19592680
nsv4076 CNV Insertion 18451855

Relevant External Links for PADI3 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
PADI3

Disorders for PADI3 Gene

Relevant External Links for PADI3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
PADI3
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PADI3: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PADI3 Gene

Publications for PADI3 Gene

  1. Human peptidylarginine deiminase type III: molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of the cDNA, properties of the recombinant enzyme, and immunohistochemical localization in human skin. (PMID: 11069618) Kanno T. … Takahara H. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 2000) 2 3 4 23 25
  2. NF-Y and Sp1/Sp3 are involved in the transcriptional regulation of the peptidylarginine deiminase type III gene (PADI3) in human keratinocytes. (PMID: 16671893) Dong S. … Takahara H. (Biochem. J. 2006) 3 23 25
  3. Long-range enhancer associated with chromatin looping allows AP-1 regulation of the peptidylarginine deiminase 3 gene in differentiated keratinocyte. (PMID: 18923650) Chavanas S. … Simon M. (PLoS ONE 2008) 3 23
  4. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory S.G. … Bentley D.R. (Nature 2006) 3 4
  5. Comparative analysis of the mouse and human peptidylarginine deiminase gene clusters reveals highly conserved non-coding segments and a new human gene, PADI6. (PMID: 15087120) Chavanas S. … Simon M. (Gene 2004) 3 4

Products for PADI3 Gene

Sources for PADI3 Gene

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