Aliases for PDK1 Gene
External Ids for PDK1 Gene
Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) is a mitochondrial multienzyme complex that catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate and is one of the major enzymes responsible for the regulation of homeostasis of carbohydrate fuels in mammals. The enzymatic activity is regulated by a phosphorylation/dephosphorylation cycle. Phosphorylation of PDH by a specific pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) results in inactivation. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2013]
GeneCards Summary for PDK1 Gene
PDK1 (Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase, Isozyme 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Nanog in Mammalian ESC Pluripotency and Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include protein serine/threonine kinase activity and pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is PDK2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDK1 Gene
Kinase that plays a key role in regulation of glucose and fatty acid metabolism and homeostasis via phosphorylation of the pyruvate dehydrogenase subunits PDHA1 and PDHA2. This inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase activity, and thereby regulates metabolite flux through the tricarboxylic acid cycle, down-regulates aerobic respiration and inhibits the formation of acetyl-coenzyme A from pyruvate. Plays an important role in cellular responses to hypoxia and is important for cell proliferation under hypoxia. Protects cells against apoptosis in response to hypoxia and oxidative stress.