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Aliases for PDC Gene

Aliases for PDC Gene

  • Phosducin 2 3 5
  • 33 KDa Phototransducing Protein 3 4
  • PHD 3 4
  • Phosducin-Like Orphan Protein 3
  • G Beta Gamma Binding Protein 3
  • Protein MEKA 4
  • PhLOP 3
  • MEKA 3
  • PhLP 3

External Ids for PDC Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PDC Gene

  • GC01M183938
  • GC01M181840
  • GC01M182932
  • GC01M183651
  • GC01M183144
  • GC01M184679
  • GC01M157647

Summaries for PDC Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for PDC Gene

  • This gene encodes a phosphoprotein, which is located in the outer and inner segments of the rod cells in the retina. This protein may participate in the regulation of visual phototransduction or in the integration of photoreceptor metabolism. It modulates the phototransduction cascade by interacting with the beta and gamma subunits of the retinal G-protein transducin. This gene is a potential candidate gene for retinitis pigmentosa and Usher syndrome type II. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for PDC Gene

PDC (Phosducin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with PDC include Paroxysmal Nonkinesigenic Dyskinesia and Usher Syndrome Type Ii. GO annotations related to this gene include phospholipase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is PDCL.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDC Gene

  • May participate in the regulation of visual phototransduction or in the integration of photoreceptor metabolism. Inhibits the transcriptional activation activity of the cone-rod homeobox CRX.

Gene Wiki entry for PDC Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for PDC Gene

Genomics for PDC Gene

Regulatory Elements for PDC Gene

Enhancers for PDC Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around PDC on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for PDC Gene

186,443,566 bp from pter
186,461,122 bp from pter
17,557 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for PDC Gene

Genes around PDC on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
PDC Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for PDC Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for PDC Gene

Proteins for PDC Gene

  • Protein details for PDC Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q14816
    • Q9UP22
    • Q9UP23

    Protein attributes for PDC Gene

    246 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    28246 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Forms a complex with the beta and gamma subunits of the GTP-binding protein, transducin. Interacts with CRX.

    Alternative splice isoforms for PDC Gene


neXtProt entry for PDC Gene

Proteomics data for PDC Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for PDC Gene

  • Light-induced changes in cyclic nucleotide levels modulate the phosphorylation of this protein by cAMP kinase.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for PDC Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for PDC Gene

Domains & Families for PDC Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for PDC Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the phosducin family.
  • Belongs to the phosducin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with PDC: view

No data available for Gene Families for PDC Gene

Function for PDC Gene

Molecular function for PDC Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
phosducin,expressed in rod and cone photoreceptors and pinealocytes
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May participate in the regulation of visual phototransduction or in the integration of photoreceptor metabolism. Inhibits the transcriptional activation activity of the cone-rod homeobox CRX.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with PDC: view

Animal Models for PDC Gene

MGI Knock Outs for PDC:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for PDC Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target PDC

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for PDC Gene

Localization for PDC Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for PDC Gene

Cytoplasm, cytosol. Nucleus. Cell projection, cilium, photoreceptor outer segment. Photoreceptor inner segment.
Isoform 2: Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for PDC Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for PDC gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 4
plasma membrane 2
cytoskeleton 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for PDC Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with PDC: view

Pathways & Interactions for PDC Gene

SuperPathways for PDC Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for PDC Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: P20941-PHOS_HUMAN for PDC Gene via I2D

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for PDC Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for PDC Gene

Drugs & Compounds for PDC Gene

(8) Drugs for PDC Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
cyclic amp Experimental Pharma 0
FARNESYL Experimental Pharma Target 0
Guanosine triphosphate Experimental Pharma 0

(6) Additional Compounds for PDC Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with PDC: view

Transcripts for PDC Gene

mRNA/cDNA for PDC Gene

(4) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(4) Additional mRNA sequences :
(9) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for PDC Gene

Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for PDC Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for PDC Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for PDC Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for PDC Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for PDC Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cerebellum (x4.5) and Brain - Cerebellar Hemisphere (x4.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for PDC Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Retina (44.9) and Liver (24.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for PDC Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for PDC Gene Hs.654381

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with PDC: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for PDC Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for PDC Gene

Orthologs for PDC Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for PDC Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia PDC 35
  • 90.4 (n)
  • 88.07 (a)
PDC 36
  • 88 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia PDC 35
  • 91.77 (n)
  • 89.71 (a)
PDC 36
  • 91 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Pdc 35
  • 86.34 (n)
  • 88.93 (a)
Pdc 16
Pdc 36
  • 89 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia PDC 35
  • 99.46 (n)
  • 99.19 (a)
PDC 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Pdc 35
  • 86.59 (n)
  • 88.21 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia PDC 36
  • 81 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia PDC 36
  • 73 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves PDC 35
  • 76.15 (n)
  • 77.24 (a)
PDC 36
  • 76 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia PDC 36
  • 70 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia pdc 35
  • 69.97 (n)
  • 70.69 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.26950 35
pdca 35
  • 66.82 (n)
  • 68.25 (a)
pdca 36
  • 62 (a)
pdcb 36
  • 60 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG7650 36
  • 28 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea mau-8 36
  • 20 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PLP2 36
  • 14 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 32 (a)
Species with no ortholog for PDC:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for PDC Gene

Gene Tree for PDC (if available)
Gene Tree for PDC (if available)

Paralogs for PDC Gene

Paralogs for PDC Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for PDC Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with PDC: view

Variants for PDC Gene

Variation tolerance for PDC Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 62.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.60; 30.80% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar , Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) and Relevant External Links for PDC Gene

Disorders for PDC Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(7) MalaCards diseases for PDC Gene - From: OMIM, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia
  • dystonia 8
usher syndrome type ii
  • ush2
retinitis pigmentosa
  • retinitis pigmentosa 1
prostate cancer 1
  • prostate cancer, familial
nasal cavity disease
  • disorder of nasal cavity
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search PDC in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for PDC

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with PDC: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for PDC Gene

Publications for PDC Gene

  1. Assignment of the phosducin (PDC) gene to human chromosome 1q25-1q32.1 by somatic cell hybridization and in situ hybridization. (PMID: 8288249) Sparkes R.S. … Bateman J.B. (Genomics 1993) 2 3 23 67
  2. Phosducin influences sympathetic activity and prevents stress-induced hypertension in humans and mice. (PMID: 19959875) Beetz N. … Hein L. (J. Clin. Invest. 2009) 3 23
  3. SUMO-1 controls the protein stability and the biological function of phosducin. (PMID: 16421094) Klenk C. … Lohse M.J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2006) 3 23
  4. Mutation screening of the phosducin gene PDC in patients with retinitis pigmentosa and allied diseases. (PMID: 14758335) Nishiguchi K.M. … Dryja T.P. (Mol. Vis. 2004) 3 23
  5. Rethinking the role of phosducin: light-regulated binding of phosducin to 14-3-3 in rod inner segments. (PMID: 11287646) Nakano K. … Bitensky M.W. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2001) 3 23

Products for PDC Gene

Sources for PDC Gene