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Aliases for ABHD5 Gene

Aliases for ABHD5 Gene

  • Abhydrolase Domain Containing 5 2 3
  • NCIE2 3 4 6
  • Abhydrolase Domain-Containing Protein 5 3 4
  • Lipid Droplet-Binding Protein CGI-58 3 4
  • EC 4 63
  • CGI58 3 6
  • IECN2 3 6
  • 1-Acylglycerol-3-Phosphate O-Acyltransferase ABHD5 3
  • CDS 3

External Ids for ABHD5 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ABHD5 Gene

  • GC03P043551
  • GC03P043693
  • GC03P043692

Summaries for ABHD5 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ABHD5 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a large family of proteins defined by an alpha/beta hydrolase fold, and contains three sequence motifs that correspond to a catalytic triad found in the esterase/lipase/thioesterase subfamily. It differs from other members of this subfamily in that its putative catalytic triad contains an asparagine instead of the serine residue. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome, a triglyceride storage disease with impaired long-chain fatty acid oxidation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ABHD5 Gene

ABHD5 (Abhydrolase Domain Containing 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ABHD5 include chanarin-dorfman syndrome and neutral lipid storage disease. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include triglyceride lipase activity and lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ABHD4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ABHD5 Gene

  • Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase which functions in phosphatidic acid biosynthesis. May regulate the cellular storage of triacylglycerol through activation of the phospholipase PNPLA2. Involved in keratinocyte differentiation.

Gene Wiki entry for ABHD5 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ABHD5 Gene

Genomics for ABHD5 Gene

Regulatory Elements for ABHD5 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for ABHD5 Gene

43,690,113 bp from pter
43,734,371 bp from pter
44,259 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for ABHD5 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for ABHD5 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ABHD5 Gene

Proteins for ABHD5 Gene

  • Protein details for ABHD5 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase ABHD5
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R9K0
    • Q9Y369

    Protein attributes for ABHD5 Gene

    349 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    39096 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with ADRP, PLIN and PNPLA2. Interacts with PLIN5; promotes interaction with PNPLA2 (By similarity).

neXtProt entry for ABHD5 Gene

Proteomics data for ABHD5 Gene at MOPED

Selected DME Specific Peptides for ABHD5 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ABHD5 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys283
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for ABHD5 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

Domains for ABHD5 Gene

Gene Families for ABHD5 Gene

  • ABHD :Abhydrolase domain containing

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q8WTS1
  • The HXXXXD motif is essential for acyltransferase activity and may constitute the binding site for the phosphate moiety of the glycerol-3-phosphate.
  • Belongs to the peptidase S33 family. ABHD4/ABHD5 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ABHD5: view

Function for ABHD5 Gene

Molecular function for ABHD5 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Acyl-CoA + 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = CoA + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase which functions in phosphatidic acid biosynthesis. May regulate the cellular storage of triacylglycerol through activation of the phospholipase PNPLA2. Involved in keratinocyte differentiation.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated upon keratinocyte differentiation (at protein level).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ABHD5 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ABHD5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003841 1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase activity IEA --
GO:0004806 NOT triglyceride lipase activity ISS --
GO:0005515 protein binding --
GO:0008233 peptidase activity --
GO:0042171 lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase activity IDA 18606822
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ABHD5: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ABHD5: view

Animal Models for ABHD5 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for ABHD5:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for ABHD5 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target ABHD5

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ABHD5

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for ABHD5 Gene

Localization for ABHD5 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ABHD5 Gene

Cytoplasm. Lipid droplet. Note=Colocalized with PLIN and ADRP on the surface of lipid droplets. The localization is dependent upon the metabolic status of the adipocytes and the activity of PKA (By similarity). {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for ABHD5 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ABHD5 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 2
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ABHD5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0005811 lipid particle ISS --
GO:0005829 cytosol ISS --
GO:0043231 intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ABHD5: view

Pathways for ABHD5 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ABHD5: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ABHD5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis --
GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process --
GO:0006631 fatty acid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006654 phosphatidic acid biosynthetic process IDA 18606822
GO:0010891 negative regulation of sequestering of triglyceride IDA 16679289
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ABHD5: view

Compounds for ABHD5 Gene

(2) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for ABHD5 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
lipid 54.2 15
triacylglycerol 43.5 5
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ABHD5: view

Transcripts for ABHD5 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ABHD5 Gene

Abhydrolase domain containing 5:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for ABHD5

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ABHD5 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b
SP1: - - -
SP2: -
SP3: - - - -
SP4: -
SP5: - -

Relevant External Links for ABHD5 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ABHD5 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for ABHD5 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ABHD5 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (10.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for ABHD5 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipocyte (44.7), Nasopharynx (8.7), and Bone (7.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for ABHD5 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ABHD5 Gene Hs.19385

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for ABHD5 Gene

Tissue specificity: Widely expressed in various tissues, including lymphocytes, liver, skeletal muscle and brain. Expressed by upper epidermal layers and dermal fibroblasts in skin, hepatocytes and neurons (at protein level).
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with ABHD5: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for Expression partners for ABHD5 Gene

Orthologs for ABHD5 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for ABHD5 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ABHD5 35
  • 92.15 (n)
  • 95.11 (a)
ABHD5 36
  • 95 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC485570 35
  • 94.75 (n)
  • 97.99 (a)
ABHD5 36
  • 98 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Abhd5 35
  • 87.51 (n)
  • 94.81 (a)
Abhd5 16
Abhd5 36
  • 94 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ABHD5 35
  • 99.81 (n)
  • 99.43 (a)
ABHD5 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Abhd5 35
  • 86.55 (n)
  • 94.52 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ABHD5 36
  • 87 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ABHD5 36
  • 78 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ABHD5 35
  • 77.91 (n)
  • 80.52 (a)
ABHD5 36
  • 79 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ABHD5 36
  • 72 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia abhd5 35
  • 75.28 (n)
  • 76.88 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii abhd5a 35
  • 65.88 (n)
  • 67.16 (a)
abhd5a 36
  • 65 (a)
abhd5b 36
  • 51 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG1882 36
  • 35 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea CELE_C25A1.12 35
  • 51.08 (n)
  • 39.63 (a)
C37H5.2 36
  • 36 (a)
C37H5.3 36
  • 30 (a)
lid-1 36
  • 35 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes CLD1 36
  • 18 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.1234 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 47 (a)
-- 36
  • 43 (a)
Species with no ortholog for ABHD5:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ABHD5 Gene

Gene Tree for ABHD5 (if available)
Gene Tree for ABHD5 (if available)

Paralogs for ABHD5 Gene

Paralogs for ABHD5 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for ABHD5 Gene using alignment to 9 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ABHD5: view

Variants for ABHD5 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ABHD5 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs740838 -- 43,722,823(-) ATCTT(G/T)GCTCT downstream-variant-500B
rs758728 -- 43,722,679(-) ATATT(A/C)CATTA utr-variant-3-prime
rs758729 -- 43,722,484(-) TTGCC(A/G)TCCTT utr-variant-3-prime
rs887472 -- 43,718,570(-) ACTAT(A/C)TCAGT utr-variant-3-prime
rs1468602 -- 43,701,242(-) TTTAG(A/G)AAAGG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ABHD5 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv834673 CNV Gain 17160897

Relevant External Links for ABHD5 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ABHD5 Gene

Disorders for ABHD5 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database.

Search for ABHD5 Gene in MalaCards »

(3) Diseases for ABHD5 Gene including...

(1) OMIM Diseases for ABHD5 Gene (604780)


  • Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome (CDS) [MIM:275630]: An autosomal recessive inborn error of lipid metabolism with multisystemic accumulation of triglycerides although plasma concentrations are normal. Clinical characteristics are congenital generalized ichthyosis, vacuolated leukocytes, hepatomegaly, myopathy, cataracts, neurosensory hearing loss and developmental delay. The disorder presents at birth with generalized, fine, white scaling of the skin and a variable degree of erythema resembling non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11590543, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17495960}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(2) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for ABHD5 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
neutral lipid storage disease 98 11
ichthyosis 91.2 9

Relevant External Links for ABHD5

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with ABHD5: view

No data available for Genatlas for ABHD5 Gene

Publications for ABHD5 Gene

  1. Mutations in CGI-58, the gene encoding a new protein of the esterase/lipase/thioesterase subfamily, in Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome. (PMID: 11590543) Lefevre C. … Fischer J. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2001) 2 3 4 23
  2. Two new mutations of the ABHD5 gene in a new adult case of Chanarin Dorfman syndrome: an uncommon lipid storage disease. (PMID: 15967942) Schleinitz N. … Pelissier J.-F. (Arch. Dermatol. 2005) 3 4 23
  3. CGI-58 is an alpha/beta-hydrolase within lipid transporting lamellar granules of differentiated keratinocytes. (PMID: 18832586) Akiyama M. … Shimizu H. (Am. J. Pathol. 2008) 3 4 23
  4. CGI-58, the causative gene for Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome, mediates acylation of lysophosphatidic acid. (PMID: 18606822) Ghosh A.K. … Rajasekharan R. (J. Biol. Chem. 2008) 2 3 4
  5. High frequency of ETFDH c.250G>A mutation in Taiwanese patients with late-onset lipid storage myopathy. (PMID: 20370797) Lan M.Y. … Chen S.S. (Clin. Genet. 2010) 3 48

Products for ABHD5 Gene

Sources for ABHD5 Gene

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