Subcategory (RNA class) for PCA3 Gene
Quality Score for this RNA gene is
Aliases for PCA3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for PCA3 Gene
This gene produces a spliced, long non-coding RNA that is highly overexpressed in most types of prostate cancer cells and is used as a specific biomarker for this type of cancer. This gene is embedded in an intronic region of the prune2 gene on the opposite DNA strand. The transcript regulates prune2 levels through formation of a double-stranded RNA that undergoes adenosine deaminase actin on RNA-dependent adenosine-to-inosine RNA editing. In prostate cancer derived cells, overexpression of PCA induced downregulation of prune2, leading to decreased cell proliferation. Conversely, silencing in prostate cancer cells resulted in increased proliferation. Regulation of this gene appears to be sensitive to androgen-receptor activation, a molecular signature of prostate cancer. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2015]
GeneCards Summary for PCA3 Gene
PCA3 (Prostate Cancer Associated 3 (Non-Protein Coding)) is an RNA Gene, and is affiliated with the non-coding RNA class. Diseases associated with PCA3 include Prostate Cancer and Male Reproductive Organ Cancer.