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Aliases for GEMIN4 Gene

Aliases for GEMIN4 Gene

  • Gem Nuclear Organelle Associated Protein 4 2 3 5
  • Component Of Gems 4 2 3 4
  • Gem (Nuclear Organelle) Associated Protein 4 2 3
  • HCC-Associated Protein 1 2 3
  • Gemin-4 3 4
  • P97 3 4
  • HHRF-1 3
  • HCAP1 3
  • HC56 3

External Ids for GEMIN4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GEMIN4 Gene

  • GC17U990191
  • GC17M000851
  • GC17M000601
  • GC17M000632
  • GC17M000594
  • GC17M000558
  • GC17M000650
  • GC17M000651
  • GC17M000652
  • GC17M000660
  • GC17M000677
  • GC17M000693
  • GC17M000705

Summaries for GEMIN4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GEMIN4 Gene

  • The product of this gene is part of a large complex localized to the cytoplasm, nucleoli, and to discrete nuclear bodies called Gemini bodies (gems). The complex functions in spliceosomal snRNP assembly in the cytoplasm, and regenerates spliceosomes required for pre-mRNA splicing in the nucleus. The encoded protein directly interacts with a DEAD box protein and several spliceosome core proteins. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, but their biological validity has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GEMIN4 Gene

GEMIN4 (Gem Nuclear Organelle Associated Protein 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and Regulation of Glucokinase by Glucokinase Regulatory Protein.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GEMIN4 Gene

  • The SMN complex plays a catalyst role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome. Thereby, plays an important role in the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs. Most spliceosomal snRNPs contain a common set of Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG that assemble in a heptameric protein ring on the Sm site of the small nuclear RNA to form the core snRNP. In the cytosol, the Sm proteins SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG are trapped in an inactive 6S pICln-Sm complex by the chaperone CLNS1A that controls the assembly of the core snRNP. Dissociation by the SMN complex of CLNS1A from the trapped Sm proteins and their transfer to an SMN-Sm complex triggers the assembly of core snRNPs and their transport to the nucleus.

Gene Wiki entry for GEMIN4 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GEMIN4 Gene

Genomics for GEMIN4 Gene

Regulatory Elements for GEMIN4 Gene

Promoters for GEMIN4 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around GEMIN4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for GEMIN4 Gene

Chromosome:
17
Start:
744,414 bp from pter
End:
753,999 bp from pter
Size:
9,586 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for GEMIN4 Gene

Genes around GEMIN4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GEMIN4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GEMIN4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GEMIN4 Gene

Proteins for GEMIN4 Gene

  • Protein details for GEMIN4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P57678-GEMI4_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Gem-associated protein 4
    Protein Accession:
    P57678
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q9NZS7
    • Q9UG32
    • Q9Y4Q2

    Protein attributes for GEMIN4 Gene

    Size:
    1058 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    120037 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Part of the core SMN complex that contains SMN1, GEMIN2/SIP1, DDX20/GEMIN3, GEMIN4, GEMIN5, GEMIN6, GEMIN7, GEMIN8 and STRAP/UNRIP. Part of the SMN-Sm complex that contains SMN1, GEMIN2/SIP1, DDX20/GEMIN3, GEMIN4, GEMIN5, GEMIN6, GEMIN7, GEMIN8, STRAP/UNRIP and the Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG. Interacts directly with GEMIN3 and with several snRNP SM core proteins, including SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3 and SNRPE. Interacts with PPP4R2.

neXtProt entry for GEMIN4 Gene

Proteomics data for GEMIN4 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GEMIN4 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 36, Lys 201, and Lys 1054
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for GEMIN4 Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GEMIN4 Gene

Domains & Families for GEMIN4 Gene

Gene Families for GEMIN4 Gene

Protein Domains for GEMIN4 Gene

ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GEMIN4 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GEMIN4: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GEMIN4 Gene

Function for GEMIN4 Gene

Molecular function for GEMIN4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
The SMN complex plays a catalyst role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome. Thereby, plays an important role in the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs. Most spliceosomal snRNPs contain a common set of Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG that assemble in a heptameric protein ring on the Sm site of the small nuclear RNA to form the core snRNP. In the cytosol, the Sm proteins SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG are trapped in an inactive 6S pICln-Sm complex by the chaperone CLNS1A that controls the assembly of the core snRNP. Dissociation by the SMN complex of CLNS1A from the trapped Sm proteins and their transfer to an SMN-Sm complex triggers the assembly of core snRNPs and their transport to the nucleus.

Phenotypes for GEMIN4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GEMIN4: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for GEMIN4 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GEMIN4

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GEMIN4 Gene

Localization for GEMIN4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GEMIN4 Gene

Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Nucleus, nucleolus. Nucleus, gem. Note=Localized in subnuclear structures next to coiled bodies, called gems, which are highly enriched in spliceosomal snRNPs and in the nucleolus.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for GEMIN4 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GEMIN4 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
peroxisome 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GEMIN4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005730 nucleolus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
GO:0016020 membrane IDA 19946888
GO:0032797 SMN complex IDA 18984161
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 19056867
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GEMIN4: view

Pathways & Interactions for GEMIN4 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GEMIN4: view

Pathways by source for GEMIN4 Gene

3 Reactome pathways for GEMIN4 Gene
1 KEGG pathway for GEMIN4 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GEMIN4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0051170 nuclear import TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GEMIN4: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GEMIN4 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GEMIN4 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for GEMIN4 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GEMIN4 Gene

Gem (nuclear organelle) associated protein 4:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GEMIN4 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GEMIN4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GEMIN4
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GEMIN4

Expression for GEMIN4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GEMIN4 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GEMIN4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x4.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GEMIN4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (36.5) and Spleen (18.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for GEMIN4 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GEMIN4 Gene Hs.499620

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GEMIN4: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GEMIN4 Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GEMIN4 Gene

Orthologs for GEMIN4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for GEMIN4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GEMIN4 35
  • 98.83 (n)
  • 98.11 (a)
GEMIN4 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GEMIN4 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
GEMIN4 35
  • 84.06 (n)
  • 84.88 (a)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GEMIN4 35
  • 85.07 (n)
  • 85.82 (a)
GEMIN4 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gemin4 16
Gemin4 36
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
Gemin4 35
  • 82.04 (n)
  • 81.66 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GEMIN4 36
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GEMIN4 36
  • 57 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gemin4 35
  • 81.44 (n)
  • 81.38 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GEMIN4 35
  • 61.53 (n)
  • 52.54 (a)
GEMIN4 36
  • 51 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GEMIN4 36
  • 46 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gemin4 35
  • 52.12 (n)
  • 44.78 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gemin4 36
  • 33 (a)
OneToOne
gemin4 35
  • 48.3 (n)
  • 36.05 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GEMIN4:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GEMIN4 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GEMIN4 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GEMIN4 (if available)

Paralogs for GEMIN4 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for GEMIN4 Gene

Variants for GEMIN4 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GEMIN4 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs7813 - 744,946(-) AGCAG(C/T)GCTTC reference, missense
rs3744741 - 745,992(+) CCTCT(C/T)GGCAC reference, missense
rs910925 - 746,307(-) CCTGG(C/G)CCAGA reference, missense
rs34604548 - 747,499(-) CCCAG(C/T)TTAGT reference, missense
rs34616851 - 746,539(-) CAGGT(A/G)TCCTG reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GEMIN4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2422420 CNV Duplication 17116639
nsv457631 CNV Gain 19166990
nsv469891 CNV Complex 16826518
dgv925e1 CNV Complex 17122850
esv673 CNV CNV 17122850

Variation tolerance for GEMIN4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 98.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.26; 85.08% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GEMIN4 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
GEMIN4
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GEMIN4

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GEMIN4 Gene

Disorders for GEMIN4 Gene

Relevant External Links for GEMIN4

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
GEMIN4
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
GEMIN4
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
GEMIN4

No disorders were found for GEMIN4 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GEMIN4 Gene

Publications for GEMIN4 Gene

  1. Gemin4: a novel component of the SMN complex that is found in both gems and nucleoli. (PMID: 10725331) Charroux B. … Dreyfuss G. (J. Cell Biol. 2000) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Identification and characterisation of a nuclear localisation signal in the SMN associated protein, Gemin4. (PMID: 18675250) Lorson M.A. … Young P.J. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2008) 3 23
  3. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of microRNA machinery genes modify the risk of renal cell carcinoma. (PMID: 19047128) Horikawa Y. … Wu X. (Clin. Cancer Res. 2008) 3 23
  4. Gemin proteins are required for efficient assembly of Sm-class ribonucleoproteins. (PMID: 16301532) Shpargel K.B. … Matera A.G. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2005) 3 23
  5. miRNP:mRNA association in polyribosomes in a human neuronal cell line. (PMID: 14970384) Nelson P.T. … Mourelatos Z. (RNA 2004) 3 23

Products for GEMIN4 Gene

Sources for GEMIN4 Gene

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