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Aliases for P2RX7 Gene

Aliases for P2RX7 Gene

  • Purinergic Receptor P2X, Ligand Gated Ion Channel, 7 2 3
  • P2X7 3 4 6
  • Purinergic Receptor P2X, Ligand-Gated Ion Channel, 7 2 3
  • ATP Receptor 3 4
  • P2Z Receptor 3 4
  • Purinergic Receptor P2X7 Variant A 3
  • Purinergic Receptor 4
  • P2X Purinoceptor 7 3
  • P2X7 Receptor 3

External Ids for P2RX7 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for P2RX7 Gene

  • GC12P120432
  • GC12P121185
  • GC12P121353
  • GC12P119982
  • GC12P120033
  • GC12P121570
  • GC12P118580

Summaries for P2RX7 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for P2RX7 Gene

  • The product of this gene belongs to the family of purinoceptors for ATP. This receptor functions as a ligand-gated ion channel and is responsible for ATP-dependent lysis of macrophages through the formation of membrane pores permeable to large molecules. Activation of this nuclear receptor by ATP in the cytoplasm may be a mechanism by which cellular activity can be coupled to changes in gene expression. Multiple alternatively spliced variants have been identified, most of which fit nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) criteria. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2010]

GeneCards Summary for P2RX7 Gene

P2RX7 (Purinergic Receptor P2X, Ligand Gated Ion Channel, 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with P2RX7 include extrapulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculosis. Among its related pathways are CREB Pathway and Calcium signaling pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and magnesium ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is P2RX1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for P2RX7 Gene

  • Receptor for ATP that acts as a ligand-gated ion channel. Responsible for ATP-dependent lysis of macrophages through the formation of membrane pores permeable to large molecules. Could function in both fast synaptic transmission and the ATP-mediated lysis of antigen-presenting cells

Tocris Summary for P2RX7 Gene

  • P2X receptors are members of the ligand-gated ion channel family that open in response to extracellular ATP. Each receptor is made up of a trimer of subunits (P2X1-7) all of which share the common structure of two transmembrane domains, a large extracellular loop and intracellular C- and N-termini. Receptors can be formed from triplets of identical subunits (homomeric) and can also exist as heteromers. With the exception of P2X6, all subunits can form homomeric receptors. P2X receptors have a wide distribution throughout the body, including the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems, smooth muscle, heart and leukocytes. They are involved in a range of physiological processes such as modulation of synaptic transmission, vascular tone, cardiac rhythm and contractility and nociception.

Gene Wiki entry for P2RX7 Gene

No data available for PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for P2RX7 Gene

Genomics for P2RX7 Gene

Regulatory Elements for P2RX7 Gene

Genomic Location for P2RX7 Gene

121,132,819 bp from pter
121,188,032 bp from pter
55,214 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for P2RX7 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for P2RX7 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for P2RX7 Gene

Proteins for P2RX7 Gene

  • Protein details for P2RX7 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    P2X purinoceptor 7
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K2Z0
    • E7EMK6
    • F5H6P2
    • F5H7E8
    • F8W951
    • O14991
    • Q4VKH8
    • Q4VKH9
    • Q4VKI0
    • Q4VKI1
    • Q4VKI2
    • Q4VKI3
    • Q4VKI4
    • Q7Z771
    • Q96EV7

    Protein attributes for P2RX7 Gene

    595 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    68585 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Functional P2XRs are organized as homomeric and heteromeric trimers. Interacts with LAMA3, ITGB2, ACTB, ACTN4, SVIL, MPP3, HSPA1, HSPCB, HSPA8, PIK230 and PTPRB. Interacts (via C-terminus) with EMP2 (PubMed:12107182).

    Alternative splice isoforms for P2RX7 Gene

neXtProt entry for P2RX7 Gene

Proteomics data for P2RX7 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for P2RX7 Gene

  • ADP-ribosylation at Arg-125 is necessary and sufficient to activate P2RX7 and gate the channel.
  • Palmitoylation of several cysteines in the C-terminal cytoplasmic tail is required for efficient localization to cell surface.
  • Phosphorylation results in its inactivation.
  • Glycosylation at Asn187, Asn202, Asn213, Asn241, and Asn284
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for P2RX7 (P2X7)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for P2RX7 Gene

Domains for P2RX7 Gene

Gene Families for P2RX7 Gene

  • P2RX :Ligand-gated ion channels / Purinergic receptors, ionotropic
  • P2R :Purinergic receptors

Protein Domains for P2RX7 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q99572
  • Belongs to the P2X receptor family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with P2RX7: view

Function for P2RX7 Gene

Molecular function for P2RX7 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: purinoceptor,P2X7
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Receptor for ATP that acts as a ligand-gated ion channel. Responsible for ATP-dependent lysis of macrophages through the formation of membrane pores permeable to large molecules. Could function in both fast synaptic transmission and the ATP-mediated lysis of antigen-presenting cells

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for P2RX7 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000287 magnesium ion binding IEA --
GO:0001530 lipopolysaccharide binding ISS --
GO:0001614 purinergic nucleotide receptor activity IDA 9038151
GO:0004872 receptor activity --
GO:0004931 extracellular ATP-gated cation channel activity IDA 9038151
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with P2RX7: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with P2RX7: view

Animal Models for P2RX7 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for P2RX7:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for P2RX7 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target P2RX7

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for P2RX7 Gene

Localization for P2RX7 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for P2RX7 Gene

Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for P2RX7 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for P2RX7 gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
extracellular 3
nucleus 2
cytoskeleton 1
cytosol 1
lysosome 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for P2RX7 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005639 integral component of nuclear inner membrane IBA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm ISS --
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane IC 9038151
GO:0005911 cell-cell junction IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with P2RX7: view

Pathways for P2RX7 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with P2RX7: view

Pathways by source for P2RX7 Gene

PCR Array Products

Interacting Proteins for P2RX7 Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: Q99572-P2RX7_HUMAN for P2RX7 Gene via MINT I2D

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for P2RX7 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000187 activation of MAPK activity IEA --
GO:0000902 cell morphogenesis IEA --
GO:0001845 phagolysosome assembly IEA --
GO:0001916 positive regulation of T cell mediated cytotoxicity IEA --
GO:0001934 positive regulation of protein phosphorylation --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with P2RX7: view

Compounds for P2RX7 Gene

(5) Tocris Compounds for P2RX7 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
A 438079 hydrochloride Competitive P2X7 antagonist [899431-18-6]
ATPgammaS tetralithium salt P2 agonist; ATP (Cat. No. 3245) analog [93839-89-5]
NF 449 Highly selective P2X1 antagonist [627034-85-9]
Suramin hexasodium salt Non-selective P2 antagonist [129-46-4]
TNP-ATP triethylammonium salt Potent, selective P2X antagonist [61368-63-6]

(7) IUPHAR Ligand for P2RX7 Gene

Ligand Type Action Affinity Pubmed IDs
brilliant blue G Antagonist Antagonist 8
A804598 Antagonist Antagonist 8
A839977 Antagonist Antagonist 7.7
A740003 Antagonist Antagonist 7.4
A438079 Antagonist Antagonist 6.9
decavanadate Activator None
KN62 Antagonist Antagonist

(44) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for P2RX7 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
bzatp 96.6 38
oatp 85.4 10
atp 85.2 167
kn62 83.3 3
atp(4-) 82 7
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with P2RX7: view

Transcripts for P2RX7 Gene

Unigene Clusters for P2RX7 Gene

Purinergic receptor P2X, ligand-gated ion channel, 7:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for P2RX7

Primer Products

  • OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human,mouse,rat for P2RX7

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for P2RX7 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15a · 15b
SP1: - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - -
SP5: - - - - -
SP6: - - - - -
SP7: - - - -
SP8: - - - - -
SP9: - - - - - -
SP10: -
SP11: - - - - - -
SP12: - -
SP13: - - -

Relevant External Links for P2RX7 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for P2RX7 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for P2RX7 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for P2RX7 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Spinal cord (cervical c-1) (4.7), Brain - Substantia nigra (4.2), and Brain - Hippocampus (4.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, MOPED, and MaxQB for P2RX7 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for P2RX7 Gene Hs.729169

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for P2RX7 Gene

Tissue specificity: Widely expressed with highest levels in brain and immune tissues.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with P2RX7: view

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for P2RX7 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for P2RX7 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia P2RX7 35
  • 99.72 (n)
  • 99.83 (a)
P2RX7 36
  • 100 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia P2RX7 35
  • 85.66 (n)
  • 82.69 (a)
P2RX7 36
  • 82 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia P2RX7 35
  • 88.22 (n)
  • 86.03 (a)
P2RX7 36
  • 86 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia P2rx7 35
  • 81.9 (n)
  • 80.84 (a)
P2rx7 16
P2rx7 36
  • 81 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 72 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia P2RX7 36
  • 68 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves P2RX7 35
  • 57.52 (n)
  • 49.17 (a)
P2RX7 36
  • 46 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia P2RX7 36
  • 56 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia p2X7 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100490828 35
  • 54.73 (n)
  • 51.05 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii -- 35
p2rx7 35
  • 54.88 (n)
  • 46.5 (a)
p2rx7 36
  • 42 (a)
Species with no ortholog for P2RX7:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for P2RX7 Gene

Gene Tree for P2RX7 (if available)
Gene Tree for P2RX7 (if available)

Paralogs for P2RX7 Gene

Paralogs for P2RX7 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for P2RX7 Gene using alignment to 8 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with P2RX7: view

Variants for P2RX7 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for P2RX7 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs169631 -- 121,145,948(-) cttcc(C/G)tttct intron-variant
rs169632 -- 121,150,742(-) tagta(A/G)agatg intron-variant
rs169633 -- 121,156,881(-) CCACC(A/G)TGCCT intron-variant
rs169634 -- 121,162,928(-) ctctt(C/T)cctcg intron-variant
rs183283 -- 121,144,437(-) gtggc(C/T)cattt intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for P2RX7 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv521928 CNV Gain 19592680
nsv899559 CNV Gain 21882294
dgv529e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv832531 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv899563 CNV Gain 21882294
esv2746483 CNV Deletion 23290073
dgv319e199 CNV Deletion 23128226
esv26396 CNV Gain 19812545

Relevant External Links for P2RX7 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for P2RX7 Gene

Disorders for P2RX7 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (2) Diseases for P2RX7 Gene including...

Search for P2RX7 Gene in MalaCards »

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for P2RX7 Gene

(22) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for P2RX7 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
leukemia lymphocytic chronic 40.8 2
leukaemia lymphocytic 39.6 5
lymphocytic leukemia chronic b-cell 34.8 3
mycobacterial infection 28.8 1
inflammation 23.9 8

Relevant External Links for P2RX7

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with P2RX7: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for P2RX7 Gene

Publications for P2RX7 Gene

  1. The permeabilizing ATP receptor, P2X7. Cloning and expression of a human cDNA. (PMID: 9038151) Rassendren F. … Surprenant A. (J. Biol. Chem. 1997) 2 3 4 23
  2. Association of a polymorphism in the P2X7 gene with tuberculosis in a Gambian population. (PMID: 12404161) Li C.M. … Lammas D.A. (J. Infect. Dis. 2002) 3 23 48
  3. Polymorphism in the P2X7 receptor gene and survival in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. (PMID: 12493261) Thunberg U. … Rosenquist R. (Lancet 2002) 3 23 48
  4. Proteomic and functional evidence for a P2X7 receptor signalling complex. (PMID: 11707406) Kim M. … Surprenant A. (EMBO J. 2001) 3 4 23
  5. P2X7 polymorphism and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia: lack of correlation with incidence, survival and abnormalities of chromosome 12. (PMID: 12931211) Zhang L.Y. … Cross N.C. (Leukemia 2003) 3 23 48

Products for P2RX7 Gene

Sources for P2RX7 Gene

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