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Aliases for NRAS Gene

Aliases for NRAS Gene

  • Neuroblastoma RAS Viral (V-Ras) Oncogene Homolog 2 3
  • Transforming Protein N-Ras 3 4
  • ALPS4 3 6
  • NS6 3 6
  • V-Ras Neuroblastoma RAS Viral Oncogene Homolog 3
  • N-Ras Protein Part 4 3
  • GTPase NRas 3
  • HRAS1 4
  • N-Ras 3
  • NRAS1 3
  • CMNS 3
  • NCMS 3

External Ids for NRAS Gene

Summaries for NRAS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for NRAS Gene

  • This is an N-ras oncogene encoding a membrane protein that shuttles between the Golgi apparatus and the plasma membrane. This shuttling is regulated through palmitoylation and depalmitoylation by the ZDHHC9-GOLGA7 complex. The encoded protein, which has intrinsic GTPase activity, is activated by a guanine nucleotide-exchange factor and inactivated by a GTPase activating protein. Mutations in this gene have been associated with somatic rectal cancer, follicular thyroid cancer, autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome, Noonan syndrome, and juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2011]

GeneCards Summary for NRAS Gene

NRAS (Neuroblastoma RAS Viral (V-Ras) Oncogene Homolog) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with NRAS include noonan syndrome 6 and thyroid carcinoma, follicular. Among its related pathways are PI3K-Akt signaling pathway and PI-3K cascade. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and GTPase activity. An important paralog of this gene is HRAS.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NRAS Gene

  • Ras proteins bind GDP/GTP and possess intrinsic GTPase activity

Gene Wiki entry for NRAS Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for NRAS Gene

Genomics for NRAS Gene

Genomic Location for NRAS Gene

Start:
114,704,464 bp from pter
End:
114,716,894 bp from pter
Size:
12,431 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for NRAS Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for NRAS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for NRAS Gene

Regulatory Elements for NRAS Gene

Proteins for NRAS Gene

  • Protein details for NRAS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P01111-RASN_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    GTPase NRas
    Protein Accession:
    P01111
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q14971
    • Q15104
    • Q15282

    Protein attributes for NRAS Gene

    Size:
    189 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    21229 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts (active GTP-bound form preferentially) with RGS14 (By similarity). Interacts (active GTP-bound form) with RASSF7.
    Miscellaneous:
    • Mutations which change AA 12, 13 or 61 activate the potential of Ras to transform cultured cells and are implicated in a variety of human tumors

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for NRAS Gene

neXtProt entry for NRAS Gene

Proteomics data for NRAS Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for NRAS Gene

  • Acetylation at Lys-104 prevents interaction with guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs).
  • Palmitoylated by the ZDHHC9-GOLGA7 complex. A continuous cycle of de- and re-palmitoylation regulates rapid exchange between plasma membrane and Golgi.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Ubiquitination at Lys128

Other Protein References for NRAS Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
Reactome Protein details:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for NRAS Gene

Domains for NRAS Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for NRAS Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P01111

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

RASN_HUMAN
Family:
  • Belongs to the small GTPase superfamily. Ras family.:
    • P01111
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with NRAS: view

No data available for Gene Families for NRAS Gene

Function for NRAS Gene

Molecular function for NRAS Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry: neuroblastoma Ras viral (v-ras) oncogene homolog
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation: Alternates between an inactive form bound to GDP and an active form bound to GTP. Activated by a guanine nucleotide-exchange factor (GEF) and inactivated by a GTPase-activating protein (GAP)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Ras proteins bind GDP/GTP and possess intrinsic GTPase activity

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for NRAS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003924 GTPase activity --
GO:0005515 protein binding --
GO:0005525 GTP binding IEA --
GO:0032403 protein complex binding IDA 23209302
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NRAS: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with NRAS: view

Animal Models for NRAS Gene

MGI Knock Outs for NRAS:

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for NRAS Gene

Localization for NRAS Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NRAS Gene

Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor; Cytoplasmic side. Golgi apparatus membrane; Lipid-anchor. Note=Shuttles between the plasma membrane and the Golgi apparatus.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for NRAS Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for NRAS gene
Compartment Confidence
golgi apparatus 5
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 3
nucleus 3
cytoskeleton 2
extracellular 2
endosome 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for NRAS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000139 Golgi membrane IEA --
GO:0005622 intracellular --
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IDA 21968647
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IDA 19946888
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NRAS: view

Pathways for NRAS Gene

SuperPathways for NRAS Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 Signaling by FGFR
2 IL-2 Pathway
3 Insulin receptor signalling cascade
4 SHC1 events in ERBB2 signaling
5 Signalling to ERKs
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with NRAS: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for NRAS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000165 MAPK cascade TAS --
GO:0000186 activation of MAPKK activity TAS --
GO:0002223 stimulatory C-type lectin receptor signaling pathway TAS --
GO:0006184 obsolete GTP catabolic process --
GO:0007165 signal transduction --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with NRAS: view

Compounds for NRAS Gene

(1) HMDB Compounds for NRAS Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Guanosine triphosphate
  • 5'-GTP
86-01-1

(3) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for NRAS Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
tyrosine 16.1 4
oligonucleotide 0 1
agar 0 1
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with NRAS: view

Transcripts for NRAS Gene

mRNA/cDNA for NRAS Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(8) Additional mRNA sequences :
(1776) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for NRAS Gene

Neuroblastoma RAS viral (v-ras) oncogene homolog:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for NRAS Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for NRAS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
NRAS
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
NRAS

Expression for NRAS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for NRAS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for NRAS Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for NRAS Gene Hs.486502

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with NRAS: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for NRAS Gene

Orthologs for NRAS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for NRAS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia NRAS 35
  • 99.82 (n)
  • 100 (a)
NRAS 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia NRAS 35
  • 95.24 (n)
  • 100 (a)
NRAS 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia N-RAS 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
NRAS 35
  • 95.77 (n)
  • 100 (a)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Nras 35
  • 91.71 (n)
  • 99.47 (a)
Nras 16
Nras 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 84 (a)
OneToMany
NRAS 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToMany
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia NRAS 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Nras 35
  • 90.83 (n)
  • 99.47 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves N-RAS 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
NRAS 35
  • 81.13 (n)
  • 96.83 (a)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia NRAS 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.895 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC549517 35
  • 78.48 (n)
  • 92.59 (a)
Str.17112 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii -- 35
nras 35
  • 78.72 (n)
  • 90.96 (a)
nras 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Ras85D 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToMany
Ras85D 37
  • 85 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea let-60 36
  • 76 (a)
OneToMany
C08F8.7 37
  • 45 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RAS1 36
  • 36 (a)
ManyToMany
RAS2 36
  • 35 (a)
ManyToMany
Species with no ortholog for NRAS:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for NRAS Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for NRAS (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for NRAS (if available)

Paralogs for NRAS Gene

Paralogs for NRAS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with NRAS: view

Variants for NRAS Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for NRAS Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs14804 -- 114,707,222(-) AAGCA(C/T)ATGAA utr-variant-3-prime
rs969273 -- 114,714,048(-) CATTG(C/T)ATTCC intron-variant
rs2038343 -- 114,710,243(-) tatat(A/T)atata intron-variant
rs2038344 -- 114,710,240(-) ataat(A/T)tatat intron-variant
rs2038345 -- 114,710,238(-) aatat(A/T)tattt intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for NRAS Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv28734 CNV Loss 19812545

Relevant External Links for NRAS Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
NRAS
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
NRAS

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for NRAS Gene

Disorders for NRAS Gene

(5) OMIM Diseases for NRAS Gene (164790)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

RASN_HUMAN
  • Leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic (JMML) [MIM:607785]: An aggressive pediatric myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative disorder characterized by malignant transformation in the hematopoietic stem cell compartment with proliferation of differentiated progeny. Patients have splenomegaly, enlarged lymph nodes, rashes, and hemorrhages. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Noonan syndrome 6 (NS6) [MIM:613224]: A form of Noonan syndrome, a disease characterized by short stature, facial dysmorphic features such as hypertelorism, a downward eyeslant and low-set posteriorly rotated ears, and a high incidence of congenital heart defects and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Other features can include a short neck with webbing or redundancy of skin, deafness, motor delay, variable intellectual deficits, multiple skeletal defects, cryptorchidism, and bleeding diathesis. Individuals with Noonan syndrome are at risk of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by excessive production of myelomonocytic cells. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19966803}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • RAS-associated autoimmune leukoproliferative disorder (RALD) [MIM:614470]: A disorder of apoptosis, characterized by chronic accumulation of non-malignant lymphocytes, defective lymphocyte apoptosis, and an increased risk for the development of hematologic malignancies. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17517660}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Melanocytic nevus syndrome, congenital (CMNS) [MIM:137550]: A syndrome characterized by congenital pigmentary skin lesions which can occur at any site and can cover most of the body surface. These lesions may or may not be hairy. Congenital melanocytic nevi are associated with neuromelanosis (the presence of melanin-producing cells within the brain parenchyma or leptomeninges). Less commonly they are associated with malignant melanoma in childhood, both in the skin and the central nervous system. CMNS patients also tend to have a characteristic facial appearance, including wide or prominent forehead, periorbital fullness, small short nose with narrow nasal bridge, round face, full cheeks, prominent premaxilla, and everted lower lip. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18633438, ECO:0000269 PubMed:23392294}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Melanosis, neurocutaneous (NCMS) [MIM:249400]: A rare congenital disease characterized by the presence of giant or multiple melanocytic nevi on the skin, foci of melanin-producing cells within the brain parenchyma, and infiltration of leptomeninges by abnormal melanin deposits. Neurologic abnormalities include seizures, hydrocephalus, arachnoid cysts, tumors, and syringomyelia. Some patients may develop malignant melanoma. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23392294}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Keratinocytic non-epidermolytic nevus (KNEN) [MIM:162900]: Epidermal nevi of the common, non-organoid and non-epidermolytic type are benign skin lesions and may vary in their extent from a single (usually linear) lesion to widespread and systematized involvement. They may be present at birth or develop early during childhood. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22499344}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(21) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for NRAS Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia 84.9 1
melanoma 77.3 85
preleukemia 73 1
somatic mutations 65.4 6
myelodysplastic syndromes 64.7 4

Relevant External Links for NRAS

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
NRAS
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
NRAS
Tumor Gene Database (TGDB):
NRAS
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with NRAS: view

Publications for NRAS Gene

  1. BRAF and NRAS mutations are frequent in nodular melanoma but are not associated with tumor cell proliferation or patient survival. (PMID: 16098042) Akslen L.A. … Kumar R. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 2005) 3 23 48
  2. Number of nevi and early-life ambient UV exposure are associated with BRAF-mutant melanoma. (PMID: 17507627) Thomas N.E. … Conway K. (Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. 2007) 3 23 48
  3. Mutations and treatment outcome in cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia. (PMID: 18450602) Schlenk R.F. … DAPhner H. (N. Engl. J. Med. 2008) 3 23 48
  4. Correlation of clinical features with the mutational status of GM-CSF signaling pathway-related genes in juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. (PMID: 19047918) Yoshida N. … Kojima S. (Pediatr. Res. 2009) 3 23 48
  5. Novel V600E BRAF mutations in imatinib-naive and imatinib-resistant gastrointestinal stromal tumors. (PMID: 18615679) Agaram N.P. … Antonescu C.R. (Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2008) 3 23 48

Products for NRAS Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for NRAS

Sources for NRAS Gene

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