Aliases for MITF Gene
External Ids for MITF Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MITF Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MITF Gene
This gene encodes a transcription factor that contains both basic helix-loop-helix and leucine zipper structural features. It regulates the differentiation and development of melanocytes retinal pigment epithelium and is also responsible for pigment cell-specific transcription of the melanogenesis enzyme genes. Heterozygous mutations in the this gene cause auditory-pigmentary syndromes, such as Waardenburg syndrome type 2 and Tietz syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MITF Gene
MITF (Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MITF include Tietz Albinism-Deafness Syndrome and Waardenburg Syndrome, Type 2A. Among its related pathways are Glioma and RANK Signaling in Osteoclasts. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding and RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is TFE3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MITF Gene
Transcription factor that regulates the expression of genes with essential roles in cell differentiation, proliferation and survival. Binds to symmetrical DNA sequences (E-boxes) (5-CACGTG-3) found in the promoters of target genes, such as BCL2 and tyrosinase (TYR). Plays an important role in melanocyte development by regulating the expression of tyrosinase (TYR) and tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TYRP1). Plays a critical role in the differentiation of various cell types, such as neural crest-derived melanocytes, mast cells, osteoclasts and optic cup-derived retinal pigment epithelium.