Aliases for MAP3K5 Gene
External Ids for MAP3K5 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MAP3K5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MAP3K5 Gene
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascades include MAPK or extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), MAPK kinase (MKK or MEK), and MAPK kinase kinase (MAPKKK or MEKK). MAPKK kinase/MEKK phosphorylates and activates its downstream protein kinase, MAPK kinase/MEK, which in turn activates MAPK. The kinases of these signaling cascades are highly conserved, and homologs exist in yeast, Drosophila, and mammalian cells. MAPKKK5 contains 1,374 amino acids with all 11 kinase subdomains. Northern blot analysis shows that MAPKKK5 transcript is abundantly expressed in human heart and pancreas. The MAPKKK5 protein phosphorylates and activates MKK4 (aliases SERK1, MAPKK4) in vitro, and activates c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) during transient expression in COS and 293 cells; MAPKKK5 does not activate MAPK/ERK. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MAP3K5 Gene
MAP3K5 (Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinase Kinase 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MAP3K5 include hiv-1 and ischemia. Among its related pathways are Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and protein kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MAP3K19.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MAP3K5 Gene
Serine/threonine kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. Plays an important role in the cascades of cellular responses evoked by changes in the environment. Mediates signaling for determination of cell fate such as differentiation and survival. Plays a crucial role in the apoptosis signal transduction pathway through mitochondria-dependent caspase activation. MAP3K5/ASK1 is required for the innate immune response, which is essential for host defense against a wide range of pathogens. Mediates signal transduction of various stressors like oxidative stress as well as by receptor-mediated inflammatory signals, such as the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Once activated, acts as an upstream activator of the MKK/JNK signal transduction cascade and the p38 MAPK signal transduction cascade through the phosphorylation and activation of several MAP kinase kinases like MAP2K4/SEK1, MAP2K3/MKK3, MAP2K6/MKK6 and MAP2K7/MKK7. These MAP2Ks in turn activate p38 MAPKs and c-jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs). Both p38 MAPK and JNKs control the transcription factors activator protein-1 (AP-1).
Apoptosis signal-regulated kinase 1 (ASK1) is a serine/threonine kinase, MAP3K family member, which induces apoptosis through the activation of JNK and p38. ASK1 has been implicated in the pathology of neurodegenerative and oxidative stress-related diseases.