Aliases for CYP26C1 Gene
External Ids for CYP26C1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This enzyme is involved in the catabolism of all-trans- and 9-cis-retinoic acid, and thus contributes to the regulation of retinoic acid levels in cells and tissues. This gene is adjacent to a related gene on chromosome 10q23.33. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for CYP26C1 Gene
CYP26C1 (Cytochrome P450, Family 26, Subfamily C, Polypeptide 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CYP26C1 include focal facial dermal dysplasia 4 and focal facial dermal dysplasia. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Biological oxidations. GO annotations related to this gene include electron carrier activity and heme binding. An important paralog of this gene is CYP26B1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for CYP26C1 Gene
Plays a role in retinoic acid metabolism. Acts on retinoids, including all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) and its stereoisomer 9-cis-RA (preferred substrate)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes are a diverse group of catalysts that contains 57 members in humans. CYPs are usually membrane-bound and are localized to the inner mitochondrial or endoplasmic reticular membrane. CYPs have oxygenase activity and commonly catalyze redox reactions, involving the oxidation of the substrate and reduction of water. This group of enzymes contain a heme ion within the active site, which is essential for catalytic activity. CYPs have been found in all organisms tested and are ubiquitously expressed. They are found at high levels in the liver, where they have an important role in metabolism of drugs and endogenous toxic compounds (for example bilirubin). Most CYPs can metabolize numerous substrates and this accounts for their major role in drug interactions. CYPs also have functions in steroid hormone synthesis, cholesterol synthesis and vitamin D metabolism.