Aliases for HTR2B Gene
External Ids for HTR2B Gene
This gene encodes one of the several different receptors for 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) that belongs to the G-protein coupled receptor 1 family. Serotonin is a biogenic hormone that functions as a neurotransmitter, a hormone, and a mitogen. Serotonin receptors mediate many of the central and peripheral physiologic functions of serotonin, including regulation of cardiovascular functions and impulsive behavior. Population and family-based analyses of a minor allele (glutamine-to-stop substitution, designated Q20*) which blocks expression of this protein, and knockout studies in mice, suggest a role for this gene in impulsivity. However, other factors, such as elevated testosterone levels, may also be involved. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2011]
GeneCards Summary for HTR2B Gene
HTR2B (5-Hydroxytryptamine (Serotonin) Receptor 2B, G Protein-Coupled) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HTR2B include ocular hypotension and heart valve disease. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and CREB Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include drug binding and phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C activity. An important paralog of this gene is CHRM4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HTR2B Gene
G-protein coupled receptor for 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin). Also functions as a receptor for various ergot alkaloid derivatives and psychoactive substances. Ligand binding causes a conformation change that triggers signaling via guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) and modulates the activity of down-stream effectors. Beta-arrestin family members inhibit signaling via G proteins and mediate activation of alternative signaling pathways. Signaling activates a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system that modulates the activity of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and down-stream signaling cascades and promotes the release of Ca(2+) ions from intracellular stores. Plays a role in the regulation of dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine release, 5-hydroxytryptamine uptake and in the regulation of extracellular dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine levels, and thereby affects neural activity. May play a role in the perception of pain. Plays a role in the regulation of behavior, including impulsive behavior. Required for normal proliferation of embryonic cardiac myocytes and normal heart development. Protects cardiomyocytes against apoptosis. Plays a role in the adaptation of pulmonary arteries to chronic hypoxia. Plays a role in vasoconstriction. Required for normal osteoblast function and proliferation, and for maintaining normal bone density. Required for normal proliferation of the interstitial cells of Cajal in the intestine.
Serotonin 5-HT2B receptors, previously known as 5-HT2F receptors, are located primarily in the stomach fundus, uterus, vascular endothelial and vascular and GI smooth muscle, with little limited distribution in the brain. The functions of 5-HT2B receptors include regulation of differentiation and proliferation of the embryonic and adult heart, gastrointestinal contraction and endothelium-dependent relaxation. Furthermore, 5-HT2B receptor knockout mice exhibit gross heart defects and 5-HT2B overexpression leads to ventricular hypertrophy. The human 5-HT2B receptor gene has been localized to chromosome 2 (2q36.3-q37.1).