Aliases for DNMT3L Gene
External Ids for DNMT3L Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DNMT3L Gene
CpG methylation is an epigenetic modification that is important for embryonic development, imprinting, and X-chromosome inactivation. Studies in mice have demonstrated that DNA methylation is required for mammalian development. This gene encodes a nuclear protein with similarity to DNA methyltransferases, but is not thought to function as a DNA methyltransferase as it does not contain the amino acid residues necessary for methyltransferase activity. However, it does stimulate de novo methylation by DNA cytosine methyltransferase 3 alpha and is thought to be required for the establishment of maternal genomic imprints. This protein also mediates transcriptional repression through interaction with histone deacetylase 1. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]
GeneCards Summary for DNMT3L Gene
DNMT3L (DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferase 3-Like) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DNMT3L include Testicular Spermatocytic Seminoma and Testis Seminoma. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3. GO annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and enzyme activator activity. An important paralog of this gene is LOC102724184.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DNMT3L Gene
Catalytically inactive regulatory factor of DNA methyltransferases. It is essential for the function of DNMT3A and DNMT3B. Activates DNMT3A and DNMT3B by binding to their catalytic domain. Accelerates the binding of DNA and AdoMet to the methyltransferases and dissociates from the complex after DNA binding to the methyltransferases. Recognizes unmethylated histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) and induces de novo DNA methylation by recruitment or activation of DNMT3.