Aliases for GUCY1A2 Gene
External Ids for GUCY1A2 Gene
Previous Symbols for GUCY1A2 Gene
Soluble guanylate cyclases are heterodimeric proteins that catalyze the conversion of GTP to 3',5'-cyclic GMP and pyrophosphate. The protein encoded by this gene is an alpha subunit of this complex and it interacts with a beta subunit to form the guanylate cyclase enzyme, which is activated by nitric oxide. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2012]
GeneCards Summary for GUCY1A2 Gene
GUCY1A2 (Guanylate Cyclase 1, Soluble, Alpha 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GUCY1A2 include colorectal cancer. Among its related pathways are CREB Pathway and Nanog in Mammalian ESC Pluripotency. GO annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and guanylate cyclase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ADCY5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GUCY1A2 Gene
Has guanylyl cyclase on binding to the beta-1 subunit
Isoform 2 acts as a negative regulator of guanylyl cyclase activity as it forms non-functional heterodimers with the beta subunits
Guanylyl Cyclases (GC) are a group of enzymes that, in the presence of a metal ion co-factor such as Mg2+ or Mn2+, convert guanosine-5-triphosphate (GTP) into 3,5-guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) and pyrophosphate. The second messenger cGMP participates in signaling by stimulating protein kinase G enzymes, altering the conductance of cGMP-gated ion channels and changing the activity of cGMP-regulated phosphodiesterases. There are two main groups of guanylyl cyclase; soluble GC (sGC), which are the receptor for nitric oxide (NO) and transmembrane GC (pGC), which serves as a receptor for natriuretic peptides. Key physiological roles for guanylyl cyclases include regulation of cell hyperplasia, hypertrophy, migration, extracellular matrix production, cell differentiation and tumor progression. In addition, guanylyl cyclases mediate important communication between the heart, intestine and kidney to regulate blood volume and Na+ balance.