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Aliases for GNS Gene

Aliases for GNS Gene

  • Glucosamine (N-Acetyl)-6-Sulfatase 2 3
  • Glucosamine-6-Sulfatase 3 4
  • EC 3.1.6.14 4 63
  • G6S 3 4
  • N-Acetylglucosamine-6-Sulfatase 2
  • Sanfilippo Disease IIID 2
  • EC 3.1.6 63

External Ids for GNS Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GNS Gene

  • GC12M064570
  • GC12M065075
  • GC12M064823
  • GC12M063396
  • GC12M063393
  • GC12M065107
  • GC12M062157

Summaries for GNS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GNS Gene

  • The product of this gene is a lysosomal enzyme found in all cells. It is involved in the catabolism of heparin, heparan sulphate, and keratan sulphate. Deficiency of this enzyme results in the accumulation of undegraded substrate and the lysosomal storage disorder mucopolysaccharidosis type IIID (Sanfilippo D syndrome). Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIID is the least common of the four subtypes of Sanfilippo syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GNS Gene

GNS (Glucosamine (N-Acetyl)-6-Sulfatase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GNS include mucopolysaccharidosis type iiid and mucopolysaccharidosis iii. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Glycosaminoglycan metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include sulfuric ester hydrolase activity and N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase activity. An important paralog of this gene is SULF1.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GNS Gene

Genomics for GNS Gene

Regulatory Elements for GNS Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for GNS Gene

Chromosome:
12
Start:
64,713,442 bp from pter
End:
64,759,447 bp from pter
Size:
46,006 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for GNS Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for GNS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GNS Gene

Proteins for GNS Gene

  • Protein details for GNS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P15586-GNS_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase
    Protein Accession:
    P15586
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DYH8
    • Q53F05

    Protein attributes for GNS Gene

    Size:
    552 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    62082 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Ca(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29108; Note=Binds 1 Ca(2+) ion per subunit.;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for GNS Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for GNS Gene

Proteomics data for GNS Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GNS Gene

  • The conversion to 3-oxoalanine (also known as C-formylglycine, FGly), of a serine or cysteine residue in prokaryotes and of a cysteine residue in eukaryotes, is critical for catalytic activity.
  • The form A (78 kDa) is processed by internal peptidase cleavage to a 32 kDa N-terminal species (form B) and a 48 kDa C-terminal species
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 125
  • Glycosylation at Asn 111, Asn 117, Asn 183, Asn 198, Asn 210, Asn 279, Asn 317, Asn 362, Asn 387, Asn 405, Asn 422, Asn 449, and Asn 480
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for GNS Gene

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for GNS (Glucosamine (N-acetyl)-6-Sulfatase/GNS)

Domains & Families for GNS Gene

Gene Families for GNS Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P15586

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

GNS_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the sulfatase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the sulfatase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GNS: view

Function for GNS Gene

Molecular function for GNS Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
N-acetyl-glucosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase,lysosomal,acting an heparan sulfate,catalyzing the third step of degradation of glycosaminoglycans (mucopolysaccharides)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Hydrolysis of the 6-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-sulfate units of heparan sulfate and keratan sulfate

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GNS Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GNS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 17474147
GO:0008449 N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase activity IEA --
GO:0008484 sulfuric ester hydrolase activity IDA 15962010
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNS: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GNS: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for GNS Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GNS

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GNS

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GNS Gene

Localization for GNS Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNS Gene

Lysosome.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for GNS Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GNS gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
lysosome 5
vacuole 5
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GNS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005764 lysosome --
GO:0043202 lysosomal lumen TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNS: view

Pathways & Interactions for GNS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GNS: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GNS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006027 glycosaminoglycan catabolic process TAS 3689315
GO:0008152 metabolic process --
GO:0030203 glycosaminoglycan metabolic process TAS --
GO:0042339 keratan sulfate metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNS: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GNS Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GNS Gene

(1) Drugs for GNS Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Calcium Nutra 0

(6) Additional Compounds for GNS Gene - From: HMDB and NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Keratan
  • Keratan 6'-sulfate
  • Keratan 6'-sulphate
  • Keratan sulfate
  • Keratan sulphate
  • Kerato 6'-sulfate
69992-87-6
Sulfate
  • Sulfate (ion 2-)
  • Sulfate anion
  • Sulfate anion(2-)
  • Sulfate dianion
  • Sulfate ion
14808-79-8
Water
  • Dihydrogen oxide
  • Steam
7732-18-5
heparan sulfate
  • alpha-Idosane
  • Heparan N-sulfate
  • Heparan N-sulphate
  • Heparan sulfate
  • Heparan sulphate
9050-30-0
N-acetylglucosamine
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GNS: view

Transcripts for GNS Gene

Unigene Clusters for GNS Gene

Glucosamine (N-acetyl)-6-sulfatase:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GNS

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GNS Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15 ^ 16a · 16b
SP1: - - - - -
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5: - -
SP6:

Relevant External Links for GNS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GNS
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GNS

Expression for GNS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GNS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GNS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal Gland (x5.5) and Whole Blood (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GNS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Amniocyte (18.0) and Urine (8.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for GNS Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GNS Gene Hs.334534

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GNS: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GNS Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GNS Gene

Orthologs for GNS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for GNS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GNS 35
  • 90.16 (n)
  • 94.02 (a)
GNS 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GNS 35
  • 91.65 (n)
  • 96.34 (a)
GNS 36
  • 97 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gns 35
  • 83.46 (n)
  • 90.22 (a)
Gns 16
Gns 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GNS 35
  • 99.7 (n)
  • 100 (a)
GNS 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gns 35
  • 86.19 (n)
  • 92.45 (a)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GNS 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GNS 35
  • 78.04 (n)
  • 86.67 (a)
GNS 36
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GNS 36
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gns 35
  • 72.43 (n)
  • 79.37 (a)
Str.8976 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia gns-prov 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gnsa 35
  • 69.74 (n)
  • 73.48 (a)
wufi20h10 35
gnsa 36
  • 70 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG18278 37
  • 45 (a)
CG18278 35
  • 50.64 (n)
  • 47.44 (a)
CG18278 36
  • 44 (a)
OneToMany
CG30059 36
  • 44 (a)
OneToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP004721 35
  • 51.46 (n)
  • 46.29 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.14329 35
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU06041 35
  • 41.56 (n)
  • 32.53 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 56 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for GNS:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GNS Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GNS (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GNS (if available)

Paralogs for GNS Gene

Paralogs for GNS Gene

(4) SIMAP similar genes for GNS Gene using alignment to 6 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GNS: view

Variants for GNS Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GNS Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs674 -- 64,716,361(-) ACAGA(C/T)ACACC utr-variant-3-prime
rs15692 -- 64,715,209(-) TTCTT(A/G)GCTCA utr-variant-3-prime
rs358951 -- 64,760,470(+) aggca(G/T)gagaa upstream-variant-2KB
rs535135 -- 64,719,383(-) AGGAA(C/G)CTTGT intron-variant
rs561593 -- 64,730,577(-) TGGGC(A/G)GTAAT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GNS Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv832444 CNV Loss 17160897
dgv1443n71 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2494968 CNV Deletion 19546169
esv2745992 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2089729 CNV Deletion 18987734
esv2939 CNV Deletion 18987735
esv2745993 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2586961 CNV Deletion 19546169

Variation tolerance for GNS Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 8.89% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.13; 61.40% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GNS Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
GNS
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GNS

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNS Gene

Disorders for GNS Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for GNS Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, NovoSeek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
mucopolysaccharidosis type iiid
  • mps 3d
mucopolysaccharidosis iii
  • mucopolysaccharidosis type iiib
mucopolysaccharidosis
  • mps
multiple sulfatase deficiency
  • mucosulfatidosis
- elite association
Search GNS in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

GNS_HUMAN
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis 3D (MPS3D) [MIM:252940]: A form of mucopolysaccharidosis type 3, an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease due to impaired degradation of heparan sulfate. MPS3 is characterized by severe central nervous system degeneration, but only mild somatic disease. Onset of clinical features usually occurs between 2 and 6 years; severe neurologic degeneration occurs in most patients between 6 and 10 years of age, and death occurs typically during the second or third decade of life. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12573255, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20232353}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for GNS

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
GNS
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GNS: view

No data available for Genatlas for GNS Gene

Publications for GNS Gene

  1. Expression patterns of sulfatase genes in the developing mouse embryo. (PMID: 20503373) Ratzka A. … Vortkamp A. (Dev. Dyn. 2010) 23 67
  2. Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIID: 12 new patients and 15 novel mutations. (PMID: 20232353) Valstar M.J. … van Diggelen O.P. (Hum. Mutat. 2010) 23 67
  3. A novel loss-of-function mutation in the GNS gene causes Sanfilippo syndrome type D. (PMID: 19650410) ElAsioglu N.H. … Wollnik B. (Genet. Couns. 2009) 23 67
  4. Sanfilippo syndrome type D: natural history and identification of 3 novel mutations in the GNS Gene. (PMID: 17998446) Jansen A.C. … Andermann E. (Arch. Neurol. 2007) 23 67
  5. H5N1 chicken influenza viruses display a high binding affinity for Neu5Acalpha2-3Galbeta1-4(6-HSO3)GlcNAc-containing receptors. (PMID: 15302215) Gambaryan A.S. … Bovin N.V. (Virology 2004) 23 67

Products for GNS Gene

Sources for GNS Gene

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