Aliases for GNG4 Gene
External Ids for GNG4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GNG4 Gene
GeneCards Summary for GNG4 Gene
GNG4 (G Protein Subunit Gamma 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Presynaptic function of Kainate receptors and Translation Translation regulation by Alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signal transducer activity. An important paralog of this gene is GNG2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNG4 Gene
Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as a modulator or transducer in various transmembrane signaling systems. The beta and gamma chains are required for the GTPase activity, for replacement of GDP by GTP, and for G protein-effector interaction.
Heterotrimeric G proteins are membrane bound GTPases that are linked to 7-TM receptors. Each G protein contains an alpha-, beta- and gamma-subunit and is bound to GDP in the 'off' state. Ligand binding causes a receptor conformational change, detaching the G protein and switching it 'on'.