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Aliases for AMPD3 Gene

Aliases for AMPD3 Gene

  • Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 3 2 3 5
  • EC 4 63
  • Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase (Isoform E) 2
  • Erythrocyte-Specific AMP Deaminase 2
  • Erythrocyte AMP Deaminase 4
  • AMP Deaminase Isoform E 4

External Ids for AMPD3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AMPD3 Gene

  • GC11P011483
  • GC11P011042
  • GC11P010511
  • GC11P010436
  • GC11P010428
  • GC11P010144

Summaries for AMPD3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AMPD3 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the AMP deaminase gene family. The encoded protein is a highly regulated enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic deamination of adenosine monophosphate to inosine monophosphate, a branch point in the adenylate catabolic pathway. This gene encodes the erythrocyte (E) isoforms, whereas other family members encode isoforms that predominate in muscle (M) and liver (L) cells. Mutations in this gene lead to the clinically asymptomatic, autosomal recessive condition erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms of this gene have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for AMPD3 Gene

AMPD3 (Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AMPD3 include Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase Deficiency Erythrocyte Type and Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 1 Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Purine metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include deaminase activity and AMP deaminase activity. An important paralog of this gene is AMPD2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD3 Gene

  • AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy metabolism.

Gene Wiki entry for AMPD3 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AMPD3 Gene

Genomics for AMPD3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AMPD3 Gene

Enhancers for AMPD3 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around AMPD3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for AMPD3 Gene

10,308,313 bp from pter
10,507,579 bp from pter
199,267 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for AMPD3 Gene

Genes around AMPD3 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
AMPD3 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for AMPD3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AMPD3 Gene

Proteins for AMPD3 Gene

  • Protein details for AMPD3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    AMP deaminase 3
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0AUX0
    • B7Z2S2
    • B7Z763
    • B7Z877

    Protein attributes for AMPD3 Gene

    767 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    88812 Da
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer.

    Alternative splice isoforms for AMPD3 Gene

neXtProt entry for AMPD3 Gene

Proteomics data for AMPD3 Gene at MOPED

Selected DME Specific Peptides for AMPD3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for AMPD3 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for AMPD3 Gene

Protein Domains for AMPD3 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the adenosine and AMP deaminases family.
  • Belongs to the adenosine and AMP deaminases family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AMPD3: view

No data available for Gene Families for AMPD3 Gene

Function for AMPD3 Gene

Molecular function for AMPD3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
AMP + H(2)O = IMP + NH(3).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy metabolism.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for AMPD3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AMPD3: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for AMPD3 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for AMPD3 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AMPD3:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for AMPD3 Gene

Localization for AMPD3 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for AMPD3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AMPD3 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 4
mitochondrion 2
cytoskeleton 1

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AMPD3 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for AMPD3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AMPD3: view

Pathways by source for AMPD3 Gene

2 KEGG pathways for AMPD3 Gene
1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for AMPD3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q01432-AMPD3_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Purine metabolism; IMP biosynthesis via salvage pathway; IMP from AMP: step 1/1.

Interacting Proteins for AMPD3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AMPD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006144 purine nucleobase metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006188 IMP biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0006196 AMP catabolic process TAS 9291127
GO:0009168 purine ribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process IEA --
GO:0034101 erythrocyte homeostasis IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD3: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for AMPD3 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for AMPD3 Gene

(22) Drugs for AMPD3 Gene - From: ApexBio, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Cladribine Approved, Investigational Pharma Apoptosis inducer in CLL cells 68
Propranolol Approved, Investigational Pharma Antagonist 207
Adenosine monophosphate Approved Nutra 0
Inosinic acid Experimental Pharma 0

(30) Additional Compounds for AMPD3 Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Ammonia anhydrous
  • Ammonia inhalant
  • Ammonia solution strong [usan]
  • Ammonia water
  • Ammoniak
  • Dihydrogen oxide
  • Steam

(1) ApexBio Compounds for AMPD3 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Cladribine Apoptosis inducer in CLL cells 4291-63-8
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AMPD3: view

Transcripts for AMPD3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AMPD3 Gene

Adenosine monophosphate deaminase 3:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AMPD3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for AMPD3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for AMPD3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for AMPD3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AMPD3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x8.8) and Whole Blood (x4.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for AMPD3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lymph node (49.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for AMPD3 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AMPD3 Gene Hs.501890

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AMPD3 Gene

Tissue specificity: Isoform 1 is the predominant form in skeletal muscle; Isoform 2 predominates in smooth muscle, non-muscle tissue, embryonic muscle and undifferentiated myoblasts; Isoform 3 is found in erythrocytes.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with AMPD3: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for AMPD3 Gene

Primer Products

Orthologs for AMPD3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for AMPD3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AMPD3 35
  • 89.74 (n)
  • 91.81 (a)
AMPD3 36
  • 90 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AMPD3 35
  • 93.19 (n)
  • 96.87 (a)
AMPD3 36
  • 97 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ampd3 35
  • 88.32 (n)
  • 94.64 (a)
Ampd3 16
Ampd3 36
  • 95 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AMPD3 35
  • 99.53 (n)
  • 99.48 (a)
AMPD3 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ampd3 35
  • 87.87 (n)
  • 93.09 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AMPD3 36
  • 91 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia AMPD3 36
  • 89 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AMPD3 35
  • 75.14 (n)
  • 85.98 (a)
AMPD3 36
  • 86 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AMPD3 36
  • 76 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ampd3 35
  • 74.84 (n)
  • 81.06 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC556578 35
  • 69.9 (n)
  • 75.52 (a)
wufi25h10 35
ampd3a 36
  • 73 (a)
ampd3b 36
  • 72 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C34F11.3a 37
  • 53 (a)
C34F11.3b 37
  • 53 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes AMD1 36
  • 39 (a)
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.6749 35
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.6820 35
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.4939 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 57 (a)
Species with no ortholog for AMPD3:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for AMPD3 Gene

Gene Tree for AMPD3 (if available)
Gene Tree for AMPD3 (if available)

Paralogs for AMPD3 Gene

Paralogs for AMPD3 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for AMPD3 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AMPD3: view

Variants for AMPD3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AMPD3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs3741040 Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency erythrocyte type (AMPDDE) 10,500,245(+) ACCTC(C/T)GCAGG reference, missense
rs11042836 - 10,482,189(+) ATCCG(A/C/T)GGGCG reference, missense
VAR_042606 Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency erythrocyte type (AMPDDE)
rs117706710 Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency erythrocyte type (AMPDDE) 10,487,356(+) ATAAC(C/G/T)TGAGA reference, missense
VAR_042608 Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency erythrocyte type (AMPDDE)

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AMPD3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv896990 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv526453 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv518705 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv519987 CNV Gain 19592680

Variation tolerance for AMPD3 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 36.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.69; 66.03% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for AMPD3 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD3 Gene

Disorders for AMPD3 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for AMPD3 Gene - From: GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency erythrocyte type
  • amp deaminase deficiency erythrocyte type
adenosine monophosphate deaminase 1 deficiency
  • myopathy due to myoadenylate deaminase deficiency
erythrocyte amp deaminase deficiency
  • amp deaminase deficiency erythrocyte type
glycogen storage disease vii
  • glycogen storage disease type vii
mcardle disease
  • glycogen storage disease v
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search AMPD3 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency erythrocyte type (AMPDDE) [MIM:612874]: A metabolic disorder due to lack of activity of the erythrocyte isoform of AMP deaminase. It is a clinically asymptomatic condition characterized by a 50% increase in steady-state levels of ATP in affected cells. Individuals with complete deficiency of erythrocyte AMP deaminase are healthy and have no hematologic disorders. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11139257, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7881427, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8004104, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9598089}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for AMPD3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AMPD3: view

No data available for Genatlas for AMPD3 Gene

Publications for AMPD3 Gene

  1. Cloning of human AMP deaminase isoform E cDNAs. Evidence for a third AMPD gene exhibiting alternatively spliced 5'-exons. (PMID: 1400401) Mahnke-Zizelman D.K. … Sabina R.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 1992) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. [AMPD genes and urate metabolism]. (PMID: 18409530) Morisaki H. … Morisaki T. (Nippon Rinsho 2008) 3 23
  3. Expression patterns of AMP-deaminase isozymes in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). (PMID: 18493842) SzydA8owska M. … Roszkowska A. (Mol. Cell. Biochem. 2008) 3 23
  4. The contribution of Ca+ calmodulin activation of human erythrocyte AMP deaminase (isoform E) to the erythrocyte metabolic dysregulation of familial phosphofructokinase deficiency. (PMID: 16670071) Sabina R.L. … Ronquist G. (Haematologica 2006) 3 23
  5. Calcium activates erythrocyte AMP deaminase [isoform E (AMPD3)] through a protein-protein interaction between calmodulin and the N-terminal domain of the AMPD3 polypeptide. (PMID: 15807549) Mahnke D.K. … Sabina R.L. (Biochemistry 2005) 3 23

Products for AMPD3 Gene

Sources for AMPD3 Gene