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Aliases for AMPD3 Gene

Aliases for AMPD3 Gene

  • Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 3 2 3
  • EC 4 63
  • Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase (Isoform E) 2
  • Erythrocyte-Specific AMP Deaminase 2
  • Erythrocyte AMP Deaminase 4
  • AMP Deaminase Isoform E 4

External Ids for AMPD3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for AMPD3 Gene

  • GC11P011483
  • GC11P011042
  • GC11P010511
  • GC11P010436
  • GC11P010428
  • GC11P010144

Summaries for AMPD3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for AMPD3 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the AMP deaminase gene family. The encoded protein is a highly regulated enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic deamination of adenosine monophosphate to inosine monophosphate, a branch point in the adenylate catabolic pathway. This gene encodes the erythrocyte (E) isoforms, whereas other family members encode isoforms that predominate in muscle (M) and liver (L) cells. Mutations in this gene lead to the clinically asymptomatic, autosomal recessive condition erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms of this gene have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for AMPD3 Gene

AMPD3 (Adenosine Monophosphate Deaminase 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with AMPD3 include erythrocyte amp deaminase deficiency and adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include AMP deaminase activity. An important paralog of this gene is AMPD2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD3 Gene

  • AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy metabolism

Gene Wiki entry for AMPD3 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for AMPD3 Gene

Genomics for AMPD3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for AMPD3 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for AMPD3 Gene

10,308,313 bp from pter
10,507,579 bp from pter
199,267 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for AMPD3 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for AMPD3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for AMPD3 Gene

Proteins for AMPD3 Gene

  • Protein details for AMPD3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    AMP deaminase 3
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0AUX0
    • B7Z2S2
    • B7Z763
    • B7Z877

    Protein attributes for AMPD3 Gene

    767 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    88812 Da
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105; Note=Binds 1 zinc ion per subunit.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer

    Alternative splice isoforms for AMPD3 Gene

neXtProt entry for AMPD3 Gene

Proteomics data for AMPD3 Gene at MOPED

Selected DME Specific Peptides for AMPD3 Gene

Post-translational modifications for AMPD3 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Antibody Products

Domains for AMPD3 Gene

Protein Domains for AMPD3 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q01432
  • Belongs to the adenosine and AMP deaminases family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with AMPD3: view

No data available for Gene Families for AMPD3 Gene

Function for AMPD3 Gene

Molecular function for AMPD3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
AMP + H(2)O = IMP + NH(3)
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
AMP deaminase plays a critical role in energy metabolism

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for AMPD3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for AMPD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003876 AMP deaminase activity IEA --
GO:0019239 deaminase activity --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with AMPD3: view

Animal Models for AMPD3 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for AMPD3:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for AMPD3 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target AMPD3

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for AMPD3

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for AMPD3 Gene

Localization for AMPD3 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for AMPD3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for AMPD3 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
cytoskeleton 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for AMPD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD3: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD3 Gene

Pathways for AMPD3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with AMPD3: view

Pathways by source for AMPD3 Gene

2 KEGG pathways for AMPD3 Gene
1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for AMPD3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q01432-AMPD3_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Purine metabolism; IMP biosynthesis via salvage pathway; IMP from AMP: step 1/1

Interacting Proteins for AMPD3 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for AMPD3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006144 purine nucleobase metabolic process TAS --
GO:0006188 IMP biosynthetic process --
GO:0006196 AMP catabolic process TAS 9291127
GO:0032264 IMP salvage IEA --
GO:0043101 purine-containing compound salvage TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with AMPD3: view

Compounds for AMPD3 Gene

(1) ApexBio Compounds for AMPD3 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Cladribine Apoptosis inducer in CLL cells [4291-63-8]

(5) HMDB Compounds for AMPD3 Gene

Compound Synonyms Cas Number PubMed IDs
Adenosine monophosphate
  • 5'-AMP
  • NH3
Inosinic acid
  • 5'-IMP
  • Dociton
  • Dihydrogen oxide

(46) Novoseek inferred chemical compound relationships for AMPD3 Gene

Compound -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
ampd 96 28
coformycin 88.2 5
ddamp 84.4 1
inosine monophosphate 77.2 12
adenylosuccinate 73.2 4
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with AMPD3: view

Transcripts for AMPD3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for AMPD3 Gene

Adenosine monophosphate deaminase 3:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for AMPD3

Primer Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for AMPD3 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for AMPD3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for AMPD3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for AMPD3 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for AMPD3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (8.8) and Whole Blood (4.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for AMPD3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lymph node (49.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for AMPD3 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for AMPD3 Gene Hs.501890

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for AMPD3 Gene

Tissue specificity: Isoform 1 is the predominant form in skeletal muscle; Isoform 2 predominates in smooth muscle, non-muscle tissue, embryonic muscle and undifferentiated myoblasts; Isoform 3 is found in erythrocytes
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with AMPD3: view

Expression partners for AMPD3 Gene

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for AMPD3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for AMPD3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia AMPD3 35
  • 89.74 (n)
  • 91.81 (a)
AMPD3 36
  • 90 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia AMPD3 35
  • 93.19 (n)
  • 96.87 (a)
AMPD3 36
  • 97 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ampd3 35
  • 88.32 (n)
  • 94.64 (a)
Ampd3 16
Ampd3 36
  • 95 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia AMPD3 35
  • 99.53 (n)
  • 99.48 (a)
AMPD3 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ampd3 35
  • 87.87 (n)
  • 93.09 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia AMPD3 36
  • 91 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia AMPD3 36
  • 89 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves AMPD3 35
  • 75.14 (n)
  • 85.98 (a)
AMPD3 36
  • 86 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia AMPD3 36
  • 76 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ampd3 35
  • 74.84 (n)
  • 81.06 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC556578 35
  • 69.9 (n)
  • 75.52 (a)
wufi25h10 35
ampd3a 36
  • 73 (a)
ampd3b 36
  • 72 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C34F11.3a 37
  • 53 (a)
C34F11.3b 37
  • 53 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes AMD1 36
  • 39 (a)
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.6749 35
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.6820 35
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.4939 35
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 57 (a)
Species with no ortholog for AMPD3:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for AMPD3 Gene

Gene Tree for AMPD3 (if available)
Gene Tree for AMPD3 (if available)

Paralogs for AMPD3 Gene

Paralogs for AMPD3 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for AMPD3 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with AMPD3: view

Variants for AMPD3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for AMPD3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs7416 -- 10,506,954(+) AGGCA(A/G)AATTT utr-variant-3-prime
rs9292 -- 10,506,936(+) ACCGG(A/G)TGCAT utr-variant-3-prime
rs376859 -- 10,460,225(-) agctg(A/C)taggg intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs416372 -- 10,460,025(-) acaca(C/T)acata intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs433847 -- 10,460,029(-) atgta(C/T)acaca intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for AMPD3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv896990 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv526453 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv518705 CNV Loss 19592680
nsv519987 CNV Gain 19592680

Relevant External Links for AMPD3 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for AMPD3 Gene

Disorders for AMPD3 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for AMPD3 Gene (102772)


  • Adenosine monophosphate deaminase deficiency erythrocyte type (AMPDDE) [MIM:612874]: A metabolic disorder due to lack of activity of the erythrocyte isoform of AMP deaminase. It is a clinically asymptomatic condition characterized by a 50% increase in steady-state levels of ATP in affected cells. Individuals with complete deficiency of erythrocyte AMP deaminase are healthy and have no hematologic disorders. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11139257, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7881427, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8004104, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9598089}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(12) Novoseek inferred disease relationships for AMPD3 Gene

Disease -log(P) Hits PubMed IDs
purine metabolism disorder 78.5 1
phosphofructokinase deficiency 77.8 3
mcardles disease 58.7 1
myopathy 51.4 3
hemolysis 18.8 1

Relevant External Links for AMPD3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with AMPD3: view

No data available for University of Copenhagen DISEASES and Genatlas for AMPD3 Gene

Publications for AMPD3 Gene

  1. Cloning of human AMP deaminase isoform E cDNAs. Evidence for a third AMPD gene exhibiting alternatively spliced 5'-exons. (PMID: 1400401) Mahnke-Zizelman D.K. … Sabina R.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 1992) 2 3 4 23
  2. Cloning and nucleotide sequence of the cDNA encoding human erythrocyte-specific AMP deaminase. (PMID: 1420359) Yamada Y. … Ogasawara N. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1992) 3 4 23
  3. Characterization of the human AMPD3 gene reveals that 5' exon useage is subject to transcriptional control by three tandem promoters and alternative splicing. (PMID: 8611627) Mahnke-Zizelman D.K. … Sabina R.L. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1996) 3 4 23
  4. A rare case of complete human erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency due to two novel missense mutations in AMPD3. (PMID: 11139257) Yamada Y. … Ogasawara N. (Hum. Mutat. 2001) 3 4 23
  5. A point mutation responsible for human erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency. (PMID: 8004104) Yamada Y. … Ogasawara N. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 1994) 3 4 23

Products for AMPD3 Gene

Sources for AMPD3 Gene

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