Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for GGCX Gene

Aliases for GGCX Gene

  • Gamma-Glutamyl Carboxylase 2 3 4 5
  • Peptidyl-Glutamate 4-Carboxylase 3 4
  • Vitamin K-Dependent Gamma-Carboxylase 2
  • Vitamin K Gamma Glutamyl Carboxylase 4
  • EC 4.1.1.90 4
  • VKCFD1 3
  • GC 4

External Ids for GGCX Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GGCX Gene

  • GC02M085671
  • GC02M086070
  • GC02M085733
  • GC02M085750
  • GC02M085687
  • GC02M085629
  • GC02M085774
  • GC02M085673
  • GC02M085771

Summaries for GGCX Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GGCX Gene

  • This gene encodes an integral membrane protein of the rough endoplasmic reticulum that carboxylates glutamate residues of vitamin K-dependent proteins to gamma carboxyl glutamate, a modification that is required for their activity. The vitamin K-dependent protein substrates have a propeptide that binds the enzyme, with carbon dioxide, dioxide, and reduced vitamin K acting as co-substrates. Vitamin K-dependent proteins affect a number of physiologic processes including blood coagulation, prevention of vascular calcification, and inflammation. Allelic variants of this gene have been associated with pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like disorder with associated multiple coagulation factor deficiency. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]

GeneCards Summary for GGCX Gene

GGCX (Gamma-Glutamyl Carboxylase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GGCX include pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like disorder with multiple coagulation factor deficiency and vitamin k-dependent clotting factors, combined deficiency of, 1. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification. GO annotations related to this gene include gamma-glutamyl carboxylase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GGCX Gene

  • Mediates the vitamin K-dependent carboxylation of glutamate residues to calcium-binding gamma-carboxyglutamate (Gla) residues with the concomitant conversion of the reduced hydroquinone form of vitamin K to vitamin K epoxide.

Gene Wiki entry for GGCX Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GGCX Gene

Genomics for GGCX Gene

Regulatory Elements for GGCX Gene

Promoters for GGCX Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around GGCX on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for GGCX Gene

Chromosome:
2
Start:
85,544,723 bp from pter
End:
85,561,547 bp from pter
Size:
16,825 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for GGCX Gene

Genes around GGCX on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GGCX Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GGCX Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GGCX Gene

Proteins for GGCX Gene

  • Protein details for GGCX Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P38435-VKGC_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxylase
    Protein Accession:
    P38435
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DMC5
    • E9PEE1
    • Q14415
    • Q6GU45

    Protein attributes for GGCX Gene

    Size:
    758 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    87561 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer. May interact with CALU (By similarity).
    Miscellaneous:
    • The vitamin K-dependent protein substrates of carboxylase have usually a propeptide that binds to a high-affinity site on the carboxylase. CO(2), O(2) and reduced vitamin K are cosubstrates.

    Alternative splice isoforms for GGCX Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for GGCX Gene

Proteomics data for GGCX Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GGCX Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 91 and Lys 334
  • Glycosylation at Asn 459 and Asn 550
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for GGCX Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GGCX Gene

Domains & Families for GGCX Gene

Gene Families for GGCX Gene

Protein Domains for GGCX Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P38435

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

VKGC_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxylase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the vitamin K-dependent gamma-carboxylase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GGCX: view

Function for GGCX Gene

Molecular function for GGCX Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
gamma-glutamyl carboxylase,activating vitamin K-dependent proteins,widely expressed
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
pH dependence: Optimum pH is 7. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17073445};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
[Peptidyl]-4-carboxyglutamate + 2,3-epoxyphylloquinone + H(2)O = [peptidyl]-glutamate + CO(2) + O(2) + phylloquinol.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Mediates the vitamin K-dependent carboxylation of glutamate residues to calcium-binding gamma-carboxyglutamate (Gla) residues with the concomitant conversion of the reduced hydroquinone form of vitamin K to vitamin K epoxide.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GGCX Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GGCX: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for GGCX Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for GGCX Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GGCX:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for GGCX Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GGCX

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GGCX Gene

Localization for GGCX Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GGCX Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for GGCX Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GGCX gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 4
nucleus 2
peroxisome 2
plasma membrane 2
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GGCX Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016020 membrane TAS 1749935
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GGCX: view

Pathways & Interactions for GGCX Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GGCX: view

Pathways by source for GGCX Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GGCX Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006464 cellular protein modification process TAS 1749935
GO:0017187 peptidyl-glutamic acid carboxylation IEA,TAS --
GO:0043687 post-translational protein modification TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GGCX: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GGCX Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GGCX Gene

(11) Drugs for GGCX Gene - From: DrugBank, Novoseek, PharmGKB, DGIdb, and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Anisindione Approved Pharma inhibitor, Target 0
Menadione Approved Nutra inhibitor, Target, cofactor 199
Phytonadione Approved Nutra cofactor, Target, inducer 199
Warfarin Approved Pharma 422
Coagulation Factor IX Approved Pharma Target 0

(18) Additional Compounds for GGCX Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
oxygen
  • Dioxygen
  • Molecular oxygen
  • O2
  • Oxygen
  • Oxygen molecule
7782-44-7
2,3-Epoxymenaquinone
carbon dioxide
  • Carbon oxide
  • Carbon-12 dioxide
  • Carbonic acid anhydride
  • Carbonic acid gas
  • Carbonic anhydride
124-38-9
Menaquinol
Phylloquinol
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GGCX: view

Transcripts for GGCX Gene

Unigene Clusters for GGCX Gene

Gamma-glutamyl carboxylase:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GGCX Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12a · 12b · 12c ^
SP1: - -
SP2: - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP3:
SP4: - -
SP5: - -
SP6: -
SP7: - -
SP8: -
SP9:
SP10:
SP11: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
SP12: -

ExUns: 13 ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11: - - - - -
SP12:

Relevant External Links for GGCX Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GGCX
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GGCX

Expression for GGCX Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GGCX Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GGCX Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x6.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GGCX Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Nasal epithelium (34.5), Liver (9.9), and Breast (8.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for GGCX Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GGCX Gene Hs.77719

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GGCX: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GGCX Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GGCX Gene

Orthologs for GGCX Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GGCX Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GGCX 35
  • 99.52 (n)
  • 99.21 (a)
GGCX 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GGCX 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
GGCX 35
  • 88.35 (n)
  • 89.84 (a)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GGCX 35
  • 90.33 (n)
  • 91.69 (a)
GGCX 36
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ggcx 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
Ggcx 16
Ggcx 35
  • 87.14 (n)
  • 89.56 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GGCX 36
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToMany
-- 36
  • 83 (a)
OneToMany
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ggcx 35
  • 86.81 (n)
  • 88.13 (a)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GGCX 36
  • 71 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ggcx 35
  • 67.32 (n)
  • 71.65 (a)
Str.10139 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC100537604 35
  • 64.29 (n)
  • 67.51 (a)
ggcx 36
  • 64 (a)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP006363 35
  • 51.38 (n)
  • 48.27 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta GC 37
  • 42 (a)
GC 36
  • 39 (a)
OneToOne
GC 35
  • 53.16 (n)
  • 45.26 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 41 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for GGCX:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GGCX Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GGCX (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GGCX (if available)

Paralogs for GGCX Gene

No data available for Paralogs for GGCX Gene

Variants for GGCX Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GGCX Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1254896 -- 85,554,195(+) AACAG(C/G/T)CCAAT intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, synonymous-codon
rs1254898 -- 85,561,017(+) GTGTG(C/T)GGGGG intron-variant
rs2028898 -- 85,550,147(-) TTGGT(A/C/T)GGCTT intron-variant
rs2592551 -- 85,553,008(-) TCCCG(C/T)TCCCA nc-transcript-variant, reference, synonymous-codon
rs5832649 -- 85,549,367(+) GCCAC(-/TTTA/TTTATTTA)CTTTA utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GGCX Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv2811 CNV Insertion 18451855

Variation tolerance for GGCX Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 3.92% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 6.33; 76.70% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GGCX Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
GGCX
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GGCX

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GGCX Gene

Disorders for GGCX Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(9) MalaCards diseases for GGCX Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like disorder with multiple coagulation factor deficiency
  • pxe-like disorder with multiple coagulation factor deficiency
vitamin k-dependent clotting factors, combined deficiency of, 1
  • vitamin k-dependent coagulation defect
pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like skin manifestations with retinitis pigmentosa
  • pxe-like syndrome with retinitis pigmentosa
body skin hyperlaxity due to vitamin k-dependent coagulation factor deficiency
  • pxe-like syndrome
hereditary combined deficiency of vitamin k-dependent clotting factors
  • hereditary combined deficiency of factors ii, vii, ix and x
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GGCX in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

VKGC_HUMAN
  • Combined deficiency of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors 1 (VKCFD1) [MIM:277450]: VKCFD leads to a bleeding tendency that is usually reversed by oral administration of vitamin K. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11071668, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15287948, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9845520}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like disorder with multiple coagulation factor deficiency (PXEL-MCFD) [MIM:610842]: Characterized by hyperlaxity of the skin involving the entire body. Important phenotypic differences with classical PXE include much more severe skin laxity with spreading toward the trunk and limbs with thick, leathery skin folds rather than confinement to flexural areas, and no decrease in visual acuity. Moreover, detailed electron microscopic analyzes revealed that alterations of elastic fibers as well as their mineralization are slightly different from those in classic PXE. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17110937}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Genatlas disease for GGCX Gene

combined deficiency of all vitamin K-dependent blood coagulation factors

Relevant External Links for GGCX

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
GGCX
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
GGCX
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
GGCX
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GGCX: view

Publications for GGCX Gene

  1. Cloning and expression of the cDNA for human gamma-glutamyl carboxylase. (PMID: 1749935) Wu S.-M. … Stafford D.W. (Science 1991) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Pharmacogenetics of target genes across the warfarin pharmacological pathway. (PMID: 17112295) Lal S. … Chowbay B. (Clin Pharmacokinet 2006) 23 25 26
  3. The vitamin K cycle. (PMID: 16102054) Stafford D.W. (J. Thromb. Haemost. 2005) 23 25 26
  4. Binding of the factor IX gamma-carboxyglutamic acid domain to the vitamin K-dependent gamma-glutamyl carboxylase active site induces an allosteric effect that may ensure processive carboxylation and regulate the release of carboxylated product. (PMID: 14660587) Lin P.J. … Stafford D.W. (J. Biol. Chem. 2004) 3 23 25
  5. Impact of VKORC1 gene polymorphism on interindividual and interethnic warfarin dosage requirement--a systematic review and meta analysis. (PMID: 19942260) Yang L. … Zhu H. (Thromb. Res. 2010) 3 23

Products for GGCX Gene

Sources for GGCX Gene

Back to Top

Content