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Aliases for GCDH Gene

Aliases for GCDH Gene

  • Glutaryl-CoA Dehydrogenase 2 3
  • Glutaryl-Coenzyme A Dehydrogenase 2 3
  • GCD 3 4
  • EC 1.3.99.7 63
  • EC 1.3.8.6 4
  • EC 1.3.99 63
  • ACAD5 3

External Ids for GCDH Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GCDH Gene

  • GC19P013133
  • GC19P013224
  • GC19P012847
  • GC19P012862
  • GC19P012863
  • GC19P013001
  • GC19P012573

Summaries for GCDH Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GCDH Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family. It catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of glutaryl-CoA to crotonyl-CoA and CO(2) in the degradative pathway of L-lysine, L-hydroxylysine, and L-tryptophan metabolism. It uses electron transfer flavoprotein as its electron acceptor. The enzyme exists in the mitochondrial matrix as a homotetramer of 45-kD subunits. Mutations in this gene result in the metabolic disorder glutaric aciduria type 1, which is also known as glutaric acidemia type I. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. A related pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 12. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2013]

GeneCards Summary for GCDH Gene

GCDH (Glutaryl-CoA Dehydrogenase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GCDH include glutaricaciduria, type i and corneal granular dystrophy. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Carbon metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include flavin adenine dinucleotide binding and fatty-acyl-CoA binding. An important paralog of this gene is ACAD8.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GCDH Gene

  • Catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of glutaryl-CoA to crotonyl-CoA and CO(2) in the degradative pathway of L-lysine, L-hydroxylysine, and L-tryptophan metabolism. It uses electron transfer flavoprotein as its electron acceptor. Isoform Short is inactive.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GCDH Gene

Genomics for GCDH Gene

Regulatory Elements for GCDH Gene

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the GCDH gene promoter:

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for GCDH Gene

Chromosome:
19
Start:
12,891,026 bp from pter
End:
12,914,630 bp from pter
Size:
23,605 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for GCDH Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for GCDH Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GCDH Gene

Proteins for GCDH Gene

  • Protein details for GCDH Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q92947-GCDH_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Q92947
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K2Z2
    • O14719

    Protein attributes for GCDH Gene

    Size:
    438 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    48127 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=FAD; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:57692;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GCDH Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for GCDH Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for GCDH Gene

Proteomics data for GCDH Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GCDH Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Antibody Products

Domains & Families for GCDH Gene

Gene Families for GCDH Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q92947

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

GCDH_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GCDH: view

Function for GCDH Gene

Molecular function for GCDH Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase,flavoprotein dependent,mitochondrial matrix,lysine oxidation
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=4.7 uM for glutaryl-CoA (at pH 6.5) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17176108, ECO:0000269 PubMed:6423663}; KM=5.5 uM for glutaryl-CoA (at pH 7.5) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17176108, ECO:0000269 PubMed:6423663}; KM=8.1 uM for glutaryl-CoA (at pH 7.6) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17176108, ECO:0000269 PubMed:6423663}; KM=34.0 uM for glutaryl-CoA (at pH 8.5) {ECO:0000269 PubMed:17176108, ECO:0000269 PubMed:6423663}; Note=Release of crotonyl-CoA product from the enzyme is the rate-determining step in its steady-state turnover.;
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Glutaryl-CoA + electron-transfer flavoprotein = crotonyl-CoA + CO(2) + reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Strongly inhibited by MCPA-CoA, a metabolite of hypoglycin which is present in unripened fruit of the ackee tree.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of glutaryl-CoA to crotonyl-CoA and CO(2) in the degradative pathway of L-lysine, L-hydroxylysine, and L-tryptophan metabolism. It uses electron transfer flavoprotein as its electron acceptor. Isoform Short is inactive.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GCDH Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GCDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000062 fatty-acyl-CoA binding IBA --
GO:0003995 acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity --
GO:0004361 glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase activity EXP --
GO:0009055 electron carrier activity IBA --
GO:0016627 oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-CH group of donors --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GCDH: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GCDH: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GCDH

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GCDH Gene

Localization for GCDH Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GCDH Gene

Mitochondrion matrix.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for GCDH Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GCDH gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GCDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane IEA --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GCDH: view

Pathways & Interactions for GCDH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GCDH: view

PCR Array Products

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q92947-GCDH_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Amino-acid metabolism; lysine degradation
  • Pathway: Amino-acid metabolism; tryptophan metabolism

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GCDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006554 lysine catabolic process TAS --
GO:0006568 tryptophan metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006637 acyl-CoA metabolic process --
GO:0008152 metabolic process --
GO:0019395 fatty acid oxidation --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GCDH: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GCDH Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GCDH Gene

(8) Drugs for GCDH Gene - From: DrugBank, NovoSeek, and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
FAD Approved Pharma Target 0
Riboflavin Approved Nutra 138
S-4-Nitrobutyryl-Coa Experimental Pharma Target 0
Propionyl-CoA Experimental Pharma 0
3-hydroxyglutaric acid Experimental Pharma 0

(39) Additional Compounds for GCDH Gene - From: HMDB and NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Glutaryl-coa
  • Glutaryl-CoA
  • Glutaryl-coenzyme A
103192-48-9
(2E)-Decenoyl-CoA
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate CoA
  • (E)-S-2-decenoate Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-decenoic acid
  • 2-trans-Decenoyl-CoA
10018-95-8
(2E)-Dodecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Dodec-2-enoyl-Coenzyme A
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-CoA
  • 2-trans-Dodecenoyl-Coenzyme A
1066-12-2
(2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Hexadecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-CoA
  • trans-2-Hexadecenoyl-Coenzyme A
4460-95-1
(2E)-Octenoyl-CoA
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate CoA
  • (E)-S-2-octenoate Coenzyme A
  • (E)-S-2-octenoic acid
  • 2,3-trans-Octenoyl coenzyme A
10018-94-7
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GCDH: view

Transcripts for GCDH Gene

Unigene Clusters for GCDH Gene

Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for GCDH

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GCDH Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GCDH Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GCDH
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GCDH

Expression for GCDH Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GCDH Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GCDH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x4.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GCDH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (10.0), Salivary gland (7.3), and Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (6.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MOPED, and MaxQB for GCDH Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GCDH Gene Hs.532699

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GCDH Gene

Q92947-GCDH_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are expressed in fibroblasts and liver
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GCDH: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GCDH Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for GCDH Gene

Orthologs for GCDH Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for GCDH Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GCDH 35
  • 86.91 (n)
  • 87.67 (a)
GCDH 36
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GCDH 35
  • 87.98 (n)
  • 89.73 (a)
GCDH 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gcdh 35
  • 83.52 (n)
  • 87.59 (a)
Gcdh 16
Gcdh 36
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GCDH 35
  • 98.63 (n)
  • 97.72 (a)
GCDH 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gcdh 35
  • 83.07 (n)
  • 88.74 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GCDH 36
  • 82 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GCDH 36
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GCDH 35
  • 79.06 (n)
  • 82.3 (a)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GCDH 36
  • 73 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gcdh 35
  • 72.08 (n)
  • 74.83 (a)
Str.16156 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.6713 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gcdhl 35
  • 70.65 (n)
  • 73.44 (a)
zgc77704 35
gcdh 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToMany
gcdhl 36
  • 75 (a)
OneToMany
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.5525 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG9547 37
  • 68 (a)
CG9547 35
  • 65.33 (n)
  • 69.25 (a)
CG9547 36
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP008501 35
  • 66.58 (n)
  • 71.47 (a)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F54D5.7 37
  • 64 (a)
CELE_F54D5.7 35
  • 61.39 (n)
  • 64.42 (a)
F54D5.7 36
  • 62 (a)
OneToOne
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons ACX4 35
  • 46.51 (n)
  • 37.14 (a)
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os01g0159400 35
  • 46.33 (n)
  • 39.26 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.4265 35
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU02291 35
  • 62.1 (n)
  • 57.61 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GCDH:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GCDH Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GCDH (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GCDH (if available)

Paralogs for GCDH Gene

Paralogs for GCDH Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for GCDH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GCDH: view

Variants for GCDH Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GCDH Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs1060212 -- 12,891,345(+) CCGCG(A/G)ACCCG missense, reference, nc-transcript-variant
rs1060218 Benign 12,897,793(+) GGGGG(G/T)AATGG reference, synonymous-codon, nc-transcript-variant
rs1799918 -- 12,891,586(+) CAGGT(C/G)GACTC intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant
rs2229460 -- 12,897,357(+) CTGGC(A/G)GACAT reference, synonymous-codon, nc-transcript-variant
rs2238641 -- 12,895,871(+) TGCCT(C/T)GGCCT intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GCDH Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv3733n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv911082 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv833754 CNV Loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for GCDH Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 13.11% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.75; 33.15% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for GCDH Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
GCDH
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
GCDH

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GCDH Gene

Disorders for GCDH Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for GCDH Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
glutaricaciduria, type i
  • glutaric acidemia type i
corneal granular dystrophy
  • granular corneal dystrophy
athetosis
d-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria
  • d-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria 1
2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria
  • combined d-2- and l-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria
- elite association
Search GCDH in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

GCDH_HUMAN
  • Glutaric aciduria 1 (GA1) [MIM:231670]: An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized by progressive dystonia and athetosis due to gliosis and neuronal loss in the basal ganglia. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:14707522, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24973495, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8541831, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8900227, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8900228, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9600243}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for GCDH

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
GCDH
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
GCDH
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
GCDH
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GCDH: view

No data available for Genatlas for GCDH Gene

Publications for GCDH Gene

  1. Assignment of human glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase gene (GCDH) to the short arm of chromosome 19 (19p13.2) by in situ hybridization and somatic cell hybrid analysis. (PMID: 8088809) Greenberg C.R. … Goodman S.I. (Genomics 1994) 2 23 67
  2. Cerebral haemodynamics in patients with glutaryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. (PMID: 20032085) Strauss K.A. … Wintermark M. (Brain 2010) 23 67
  3. Glutaric aciduria type 1 presenting with epilepsy. (PMID: 19260933) McClelland V.M. … Singh R.P. (Dev Med Child Neurol 2009) 23 67
  4. Acyl-CoA dehydrogenases: Dynamic history of protein family evolution. (PMID: 19639238) SwigonovA! Z. … Vockley J. (J. Mol. Evol. 2009) 23 67
  5. Transport and distribution of 3-hydroxyglutaric acid before and during induced encephalopathic crises in a mouse model of glutaric aciduria type 1. (PMID: 18348873) Keyser B. … MA1hlhausen C. (Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2008) 23 67

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