Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for GCA Gene

Aliases for GCA Gene

  • Grancalcin 2 3 5
  • Grancalcin, EF-Hand Calcium-Binding Protein 2 3
  • Grancalcin, EF-Hand Calcium Binding Protein 2 3
  • GCL 3 4
  • Grancalcin, Penta-EF-Hand Protein 3

External Ids for GCA Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GCA Gene

  • GC02P161254
  • GC02P161728
  • GC02P163164
  • GC02P163403
  • GC02P163026
  • GC02P162908
  • GC02P155082

Summaries for GCA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GCA Gene

  • This gene product, grancalcin, is a calcium-binding protein abundant in neutrophils and macrophages. It belongs to the penta-EF-hand subfamily of proteins which includes sorcin, calpain, and ALG-2. Grancalcin localization is dependent upon calcium and magnesium. In the absence of divalent cation, grancalcin localizes to the cytosolic fraction; with magnesium alone, it partitions with the granule fraction; and in the presence of magnesium and calcium, it associates with both the granule and membrane fractions, suggesting a role for grancalcin in granule-membrane fusion and degranulation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GCA Gene

GCA (Grancalcin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GCA include Acromesomelic Dysplasia. GO annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is CAPNS2.

Gene Wiki entry for GCA Gene

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GCA Gene

Genomics for GCA Gene

Regulatory Elements for GCA Gene

Enhancers for GCA Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around GCA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for GCA Gene

162,318,793 bp from pter
162,379,989 bp from pter
61,197 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for GCA Gene

Genes around GCA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GCA Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GCA Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GCA Gene

Proteins for GCA Gene

  • Protein details for GCA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R5X3
    • Q53TB5
    • Q59EP3

    Protein attributes for GCA Gene

    217 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    D Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for GCA Gene

Proteomics data for GCA Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for GCA Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for GCA Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GCA Gene

Domains & Families for GCA Gene

Gene Families for GCA Gene

Protein Domains for GCA Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GCA Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GCA: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GCA Gene

Function for GCA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GCA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IEA,IDA 11717497
GO:0042803 protein homodimerization activity IPI 11717497
GO:0046982 protein heterodimerization activity IPI 12804766
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GCA: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GCA: view

Animal Models for GCA Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GCA:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for GCA Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GCA

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GCA Gene

Localization for GCA Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for GCA Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GCA gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 4
nucleus 2
chloroplast 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GCA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GCA: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GCA Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GCA Gene

SuperPathways for GCA Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GCA Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for GCA Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GCA Gene

(4) Drugs for GCA Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
calcium Nutra 0

(4) Additional Compounds for GCA Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GCA: view

Transcripts for GCA Gene

Unigene Clusters for GCA Gene

Grancalcin, EF-hand calcium binding protein:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GCA Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8a · 8b · 8c ^ 9
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: -
SP6: - - - - - - - - - -

Relevant External Links for GCA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GCA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for GCA Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GCA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x30.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GCA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Neutrophil (14.3) and Saliva (6.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for GCA Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GCA Gene Hs.377894

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GCA: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GCA Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GCA Gene

Orthologs for GCA Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for GCA Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GCA 35
  • 88.7 (n)
  • 81.67 (a)
GCA 36
  • 81 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GCA 35
  • 88.84 (n)
  • 85.12 (a)
GCA 36
  • 84 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gca 35
  • 83.72 (n)
  • 82.49 (a)
Gca 16
Gca 36
  • 81 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GCA 35
  • 99.08 (n)
  • 98.16 (a)
GCA 36
  • 98 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gca 35
  • 82.49 (n)
  • 81.57 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GCA 36
  • 77 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GCA 36
  • 70 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GCA 36
  • 71 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gca 35
  • 72.61 (n)
  • 75.25 (a)
Str.15515 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.16710 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.5366 35
zgc:92027 35
  • 66.5 (n)
  • 65.02 (a)
GCA 36
  • 63 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.2717 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG17765 36
  • 31 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes PEF1 36
  • 15 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 34 (a)
Species with no ortholog for GCA:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GCA Gene

Gene Tree for GCA (if available)
Gene Tree for GCA (if available)

Paralogs for GCA Gene

Paralogs for GCA Gene

(10) SIMAP similar genes for GCA Gene using alignment to 6 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GCA: view

Variants for GCA Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GCA Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs17783344 - 162,352,383(+) CACAG(G/T)CTGGA upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs1864431 -- 162,340,356(+) TCTTC(A/C/T)CCATG intron-variant
rs984971 -- 162,368,011(+) ACATT(A/G)GTAAT intron-variant
rs3052040 -- 162,341,300(+) tatat(-/AT/ATA/ATATATATAT)gattt intron-variant
rs2033300 -- 162,342,778(+) AAGCA(G/T)TTCTT intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GCA Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv4353n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv875354 CNV Loss 21882294

Variation tolerance for GCA Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 69.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.54; 64.81% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for GCA Gene

Disorders for GCA Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for GCA Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
acromesomelic dysplasia
  • acromesomelic dwarfism
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GCA in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for GCA

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GCA: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GCA Gene

Publications for GCA Gene

  1. Molecular cloning and characterization of grancalcin, a novel EF-hand calcium-binding protein abundant in neutrophils and monocytes. (PMID: 1737748) Boyhan A. … Segal A.W. (J. Biol. Chem. 1992) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. The PEF family proteins sorcin and grancalcin interact in vivo and in vitro. (PMID: 12804766) Hansen C. … Berchtold M.W. (FEBS Lett. 2003) 2 3 23
  3. Isolation and characterization of grancalcin, a novel 28 kDa EF-hand calcium-binding protein from human neutrophils. (PMID: 1530588) Teahan C.G. … Segal A.W. (Biochem. J. 1992) 2 3 23
  4. Biochemical characterization of the penta-EF-hand protein grancalcin and identification of L-plastin as a binding partner. (PMID: 11279160) Lollike K. … Cox J.A. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 3 23
  5. Structure of Ca(2+)-loaded human grancalcin. (PMID: 11717497) Jia J. … Cygler M. (Acta Crystallogr. D 2001) 3 23

Products for GCA Gene

Sources for GCA Gene