Aliases for GABRA4 Gene
External Ids for GABRA4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GABRA4 Gene
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA-A receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. Chloride conductance of these channels can be modulated by agents such as benzodiazepines that bind to the GABA-A receptor. At least 16 distinct subunits of GABA-A receptors have been identified. This gene encodes subunit alpha-4, which is involved in the etiology of autism and eventually increases autism risk through interaction with another subunit, gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor beta-1 (GABRB1). Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found in this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]
GeneCards Summary for GABRA4 Gene
GABRA4 (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) A Receptor, Alpha 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GABRA4 include status epilepticus and essential tremor. Among its related pathways are Akt Signaling and Apoptosis Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include chloride channel activity and GABA-A receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GABRG1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GABRA4 Gene
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel
GABAA receptors are members of the Cys-loop family of ligand-gated ion channels, responsible for mediating the inhibitory effects of GABA alongside GABAB and GABAC receptors. They are pentameric proteins, consisting of 5 subunits belonging to different families.